Tuesday, January 31, 2017

Pecan Weevil Questions

Q: Are the pecan in the quarantine area eatable? A: Yes, if the nut has white grub in it no you should not eat that pecan, but in most cases the grub has already eaten the nut. Q: What if I have already given them away and sent them to another town? A: There was no restriction at that time so not a problem. You can still send pecan out of the shell. Q: Do I have to cut down my pecan tree? A: NO! Q: How do I store my pecan so they don’t get weevil? A: Once the nut is harvested the weevil will not enter the nut but see publication H-620: Storing Pecans for proper storage anyway. Q: can I take my in shell pecan to Las Cruces or El Paso to sell? A; NO not unless it meet the criteria in the quarantine order with a phytosanitary certificate from New Mexico Department of Agriculture, to go to Las Cruces, Check with Texas Department of Agriculture for Texas requirements. Q: Can I take my nuts to a sheller or accumulator outside the city limits? A; NO, In-shell nuts originating in a quarantined area will be required to be inspected and issued a phytosanitary certificate before transported out of the area to an accumulator. We will be announcing time date and place in the quarantined area to take pecans for inspection. Web references on Pecan Weevil http://extension.missouri.edu/p/mp711 http://pods.dasnr.okstate.edu/docushare/dsweb/Get/Document-4530/EPP-7079web.pdf http://extentopubs.tamu.edu/e_343.html http://pecan.ipmpipe.org/library/content/pecan_weevil_jipm_2012_s2.pdf http://northernpecans.blogspot.com/2011/08/building-pecan-weevil-trap.html http://www.caes.uga.edu/newswire/story.html?storyid=5693

Guide L-110: Honey Bees in New Mexico

Guide L-110: Honey Bees in New Mexico Revised by J. Breen Pierce (Entomology Specialist, Ag. Sci. Ctr. at Artesia & Dept. of Extension Plant Sci.) Carol Sutherland (Entomology Specialist, Dept. of Extension Plant Sci./State Entomologist, NMDA) http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_l/L110.pdf

Tuesday, January 24, 2017

Circular 682: GMO Crops in New Mexico Agriculture

Circular 682: GMO Crops in New Mexico Agriculture http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_circulars/CR682.pdf By Steve Hanson (Associate Professor, EPPWS) Leslie Beck (Extension Weed Specialist, Dept. of Extension Plant Sci.) Nancy Flores (Extension Food Technology Specialist, Dept. of Extension Family and Consumer Sci.) Stephanie Walker (Extension Vegetable Specialist, Dept. of Extension Plant Sci.) Mark Marsalis (Extension Forage Specialist, Dept. of Extension Plant Sci.) Richard Heerema (Extension Pecan Specialist, Dept. of Extension Plant Sci.)

Friday, January 20, 2017


HORSE BOTS This is a little different subject then my normal new paper articles but my master’s degree is in veterinary parasitology so it is something I would like to talk about. After all we have more horses in Eddy County than people I think. The best time to treat for bots is between mid-October and late November. But back when we tube wormed horses we tried to treat in January, so it is a habit for many horse owners to treat in January. Three types of horse bots are found in Eddy County: the common horse bot or nit fly, Gastrophilus intestinalis; the throat bot or chin fly, G. nasalis; and the nose bot or nose fly, G. hemorrhoidalis. The adults of these flies resemble small honeybees. The adult horse bot fly attaches its eggs to horse hairs, principally on the forelegs, but occasionally inside the knees, on the belly, shoulders, and fetlocks. The throat bot adult attaches its eggs to hairs beneath the jaws, while the nose bot fly deposits its eggs on the short hairs of the lips. The incubation period is usually short; however, hatching may be delayed by cold weather and viable eggs may be found on horses long after the adult flies have disappeared. I have pulled eggs a late as January that were viable. Larvae of the nit fly emerge directly from the egg case into the lips of the horse when he bites himself; other species hatch directly and larvae migrate unassisted to the mouth. Larvae of the nit fly parasitize the tissue of the lips and gums before passing into and attaching to the stomach; other species migrate directly to the stomach. In the stomach, larvae remain attached and feed on the lining for about 10 months. They are then passed in the feces as full-grown larvae. After the larvae reach the ground, they pupate in the soil. Adults emerge from the pupae, starting the cycle again. This process generally takes one full year. The bot fly does not sting the horse, however, the fly's presence annoys the horse, and the eggs may cause a tickling sensation that irritates the animal. The larval stage is the most damaging to the horse. While small larval populations generally produce little damage, high populations take nutrients from both the stomach lining and its contents, producing unthrifty horses with lowered vitality, and resulting in emaciation and reduced work capacity. Severely infested animals will show signs of digestive upsets and colic. Serious consequences are possible if bot populations become dense enough to block the passage from the stomach to the intestine. Bots can also stimulate secondary infections of the stomach lining. Death can occur in the unusual event where bot feeding activities cause stomach rupture. Most horses in New Mexico become infected with bots annually, and bot control is an essential part of good management. Horse bots can be controlled effectively by a combination of environmental management techniques and a general parasite control program. Ideally, bot control programs should begin about 30 days after all eggs have hatched. Mid-October is the earliest horses should be treated in most areas of Eddy County and New Mexico. Higher elevation and further north may be a little earlier. Because bots can cause significant damage to horses, October-November treatment should be considered essential to an overall parasite control program. It is not too late even though it is now January. It is impossible to control horse parasites without good paddock and stable management techniques. Fancy ways of saying get rid of the manure. Designing and Implementing a Drug Treatment Program Factors such as environment, health of the horses, and the parasites common in your area should be considered in planning a drug treatment program for horses. Consultation with your veterinarian is recommended. To enhance the effectiveness of such a program: • Include all horses on the premises in a parasite control program. • Isolate and treat newly acquired or transient animals before they are allowed to come in contact with resident animals. • Reserve an appropriate time for parasite control measures. Regular, well-timed treatment is imperative. • Minimize parasite infections in foals by treating brood mares regularly. • Make good laboratory examinations of manure samples periodically to assure the effectiveness of the drug program. • Read and understand the label on the parasite control agent before materials are administered. Follow all label instructions closely and carefully. • Alternate parasite control drugs to help delay development of resistant parasites. Subscribe to Eddy County Ag news at: http://nmsueddyag.blogspot.com/ Eddy County Extension Service, New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and educator. All programs are available to everyone regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. New Mexico State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Eddy County Government Cooperating.

The USDA Forest Service is seeking nominations and applications to fill 3 vacancies on the Collaborative Forest Restoration Program (CFRP) Technical Advisory Panel (Panel)

The USDA Forest Service is seeking nominations and applications to fill 3 vacancies on the Collaborative Forest Restoration Program (CFRP) Technical Advisory Panel (Panel): two representative of Conservation Interests and one Federal Land Management Agency representative. The Panel is composed of 12-15 members, each representing a specific area of expertise or affiliation required under the Community Forest Restoration Act of 2000 (Title VI, Pub. L. No. 106-393, SEC. 606) as follows: • A State Natural Resources official from the State of New Mexico; • At least two representatives from Federal land management agencies; • At least one tribal or pueblo representative; • At least two independent scientists with experience in forest ecosystem restoration, and • Equal representation from:  Conservation interests;  Local communities; and  Commodity interests. The Panel uses a consensus based process to evaluate grant applications and provide recommendations to the Secretary of Agriculture on which ones best meet the program objectives. The Secretary of Agriculture makes the project funding decisions. The CFRP provides cost share grants of up to $360,000 to stakeholders for forest restoration projects in New Mexico that are designed through a collaborative process. Projects can be up to four years in length and can be located on or on any combination of Federal, Tribal, State, County or Municipal forest land. The Forest Service anticipates awarding approximately $3.5 million in CFRP grants in 2017. Projects must address the following objectives: • Wildfire threat reduction; • Ecosystem restoration, including non-native species reduction; • Reestablishment of historic fires regimes; • Reforestation; • Preservation of old and large trees; • Small diameter tree utilization; • Creation of forest-related local employment; and • Stakeholder diversity. Panel members serve without compensation, but may be reimbursed for travel and per diem expenses. Meetings are held in Albuquerque, New Mexico, once or twice a year for three to five days. The Panel usually meets in April for five days. A sub-committee meets every other year for three days. Prior to the meeting Panel members review, score and prepare to discuss 25 to 40 detailed applications. Panel members receive grant proposals to review approximately six weeks prior the Panel meeting. Applicants must be United States citizens and at least 18 years of age. Candidates who wish to be considered for membership on the Panel should submit an AD-755 application form and resume to the USDA Forest Service Southwestern Regional Forester. The ADD-755, including the enclosed continuation sheets, and resume should address the following evaluation criteria: • Knowledge of forest management issues in New Mexico; • Experience working with government planning process; • Knowledge and understanding of the various cultures and communities in New Mexico; • Ability to actively participate in diverse team settings; and • Demonstrated skill in working toward mutually beneficial solutions to complex issues. Cover letters should be addressed to the Secretary of Agriculture. The AD-755 application form can be downloaded here or from the CFRP website http://www.fs.usda.gov/goto/r3/cfrp. Information on Federal Advisory Committees can be found on the General Services Administration (GSA) website: http://www.gsa.gov. All nomination or application materials should be submitted to Walter Dunn by February 20, 2017 via email to wdunn@fs.fed.us or via surface mail to Walter Dunn, USDA Forest Service, 333 Broadway Blvd., SE, Albuquerque, NM 87102. The Forest Service has special interest in assuring that women, minority groups, and the physically disabled are adequately represented on these advisory committees. We encourage and welcome nominations for qualified female, minority, or disabled candidates. For more information about the CFRP and the Panel contact Walter Dunn, Designated Federal Officer (DFO), USDA Forest Service Southwestern Region, Tel: (505) 842-3425, Email: wdunn@fs.fed.us, or visit the CFRP website above. Walter Dunn Program Manager/DFO Collaborative Forest Restoration Program Southwestern Region USDA Forest Service Desk: (505) 842-3425

As lawmakers wrangle with deficits, House cuts legislative budget

As lawmakers wrangle with deficits, House cuts legislative budget By Bruce Krasnow and Andrew Oxford | The New Mexican | 15 hours ago As New Mexico lawmakers work to rebalance government spending for the current fiscal year and prepare to craft a spending package for fiscal year 2018, state House members have agreed to cut their own funding. In a unanimous vote Thursday evening, the House decided to shave about 2.5 percent from the Legislature’s budget and revert some of its own reserve funds. The move follows lawmakers’ decision during a special session last fall to cut 3 percent of legislative spending. The bill will save about $1 million overall, leaving a budget of about $8.7 million for the 60-day session. The original bill called for a legislative budget of about $24.4 million, funding not just the session but also year-round legislative staff and committees that meet in the months between sessions.

Pearce named to Natural Resources Committee

Pearce named to Natural Resources Committee By Laura Paskus | January 19, 2017 Last week, House Republicans announced members of the House Committee on Natural Resources for the 115th Congress. That list included Republican U.S. Rep. Steve Pearce of New Mexico who had previously served on the committee from 2003 through 2009. In a statement from his office, Pearce said he plans to work on “restoring the health of our national forests, ensuring multiple use on appropriate federal lands, allowing Native American communities to grow and prosper, fighting for New Mexico water, preserving our national treasures and landmarks to safeguard them for future generations and more.” NM Political Report asked Pearce’s chief of staff Todd Willens for more details about the congressman’s plans. Willens declined to provide additional information, but wrote in an email that “as the agenda for the committee reveals itself, the Congressman will update the public.” This session, the committee is chaired by Rep. Rob Bishop, R-Utah, a proponent of private property and states’ rights and an opponent of any new national monument designations. Bishop announced last week the Republican members of the committee will “strengthen an aggressive agenda that we will pursue in partnership with a new administration.” The committee, which includes 26 Republicans and 18 Democrats, considers legislation on a wide range of issues important to New Mexico, including public lands management, energy and mining, American Indians, fisheries, wildlife and irrigation.

States argue in court for more say over endangered species Dan Elliott, Associated Press January 18, 2017 Updated: January 18, 2017 2:23pm

Dan Elliott, Associated Press January 18, 2017 Updated: January 18, 2017 2:23pm 0 FILE - In this Dec. 7, 2011, file photo, a female Mexican gray wolf at the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge in central N.M. Republicans in Congress are readying plans to roll back the reach of the Endangered Species Act after decades of complaints that it hinders drilling, logging and other activities on public lands. Over the past eight years, GOP lawmakers sponsored dozens of measures aimed at curtailing the landmark law or putting species such as gray wolves and sage grouse out of its reach. Almost all were blocked by Democrats and the White House or lawsuits from environmentalists. Photo: Susan Montoya Bryan, AP / Copyright 2017 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. Photo: Susan Montoya Bryan, AP Image 1 of 2 FILE - In this Dec. 7, 2011, file photo, a female Mexican gray wolf at the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge in central N.M. Republicans in Congress are readying plans to roll back the reach of the Endangered ... more DENVER (AP) — The federal government asked an appeals court Wednesday to overturn an order that bars the release of endangered wolves in New Mexico without the state's permission, a skirmish in a broader battle over states' rights and the Endangered Species Act. New Mexico and 18 other states argue that the law requires the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to cooperate with them on how endangered species are reintroduced within their borders. Federal attorneys counter that the law allows the agency to go around a state, if necessary, to save a species. Many of the arguments attorneys made to the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals in Denver on Wednesday focused on the legality of the court order restricting the release of more wolves, not the broader issue of the states' role in restoring endangered species. But in hundreds of pages of court filings, the states and the federal government staked out opposing positions on who has the final say. The fight is unfolding amid uncertainty about the future of the Endangered Species Act. Congress and the White House will both be controlled by Republicans who generally see it as an impediment to jobs and economic development. And even if the court sides with the Fish and Wildlife Service, it's not clear whether president-elect Donald Trump's administration will continue to fight after he takes office. The dispute before the 10th Circuit is over a Fish and Wildlife Service program to restore the Mexican gray wolf to parts of its original range in New Mexico and Arizona. New Mexico has multiple complaints about the way the program is managed, and in 2015 it refused to issue a permit to Fish and Wildlife to release more of the predators in the state. New Mexico also announced it might sue the agency. Fish and Wildlife decided to release more wolves anyway, citing an urgent need to expand the wild population to prevent inbreeding. New Mexico officials went to court, and a federal judge in New Mexico issued a preliminary injunction last year blocking further releases while the dispute is resolved. At Wednesday's hearing, Justice Department attorney Rachel Heron argued against the state's rights position, saying the Interior Department — Fish and Wildlife's parent agency — is required by law to protect the wolves. A coalition of environmental groups, led by Defenders of Wildlife, intervened on Interior's side, arguing the state's interpretation would wrongly give the state veto power over measures to save a federally protected species. New Mexico state attorney Matthias L. Sayer told the judges that Fish and Wildlife had made it difficult for the state to manage big game because of uncertainty about how many wolves — which prey on big game — would be released. But one of the judges, Scott Matheson Jr., questioned whether New Mexico could show definitively that it would be harmed by the release of more wolves, and how much harm it would suffer. The three judges who heard the case did not say when they would decide. Appeals court judges generally take weeks or months to issue a ruling. Reintroducing wolves is always contentious because they sometimes attack domestic livestock as well as wild game. Last year, the Interior Department's internal watchdog said Fish and Wildlife had not fulfilled its obligation to remove Mexican gray wolves that preyed on pets and cattle. The Mexican wolf program has had other problems, including multiple failed attempts to update the original 1982 recovery plan. Fish and Wildlife has agreed to produce a new plan this year to settle a lawsuit filed by conservation groups. New Mexico officials also complain that federal officials tripled the target number of wolves in the wild — from about 100 to 300 — without sufficient justification. Only about 100 Mexican gray wolves live in the wild. They nearly disappeared in the 1970s, and the federal government added them to the endangered species list in 1976. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service began reintroducing them in New Mexico and Arizona starting in 1998. ___

Tuesday, January 10, 2017

Mid Day Cattle Comment

Mid Day Cattle Comment Marketing Spring Cattle Inventory Webinar, Tuesday January 10th @ 4:00pm cst. Register Here January 10, 2017 Live Cattle: First off, if you have currency risk or dealings in your operation, my analysis suggests the US dollar index has reversed. Whether short term or long, I anticipate a retracement of some significance in the US dollar index. This leads me to recommend that what ever countries currency you are doing business with, you secure that exchange rate as soon as possible. Cattle are firming this morning with all contract months but the February setting a new high in this rally from contract low. The technical indicators are poised to again create a divergence pattern. With all oscillator readings currently well below previous high, and price setting new highs, it won't be difficult to see this pattern develop. Further subtle changes are being noted this morning from the weather to improving exports. There remains nothing specific that one could point to that is a prominent leader of this rally. I perceive it to be more just some subtle changes that have broken the back of the bear market. Funds apparently continue to think so, as they have widened their girth further into the market. Open interest is now above 315,000 contracts. Just 2 months ago, it fluctuated under 250,000 contracts. I'm looking forward to discussing the markets this afternoon. I hope you can join me. Feeder Cattle: Feeders have developed a slightly different pattern than that of the fats. The March contract appears to have topped its wave 3 on 12/1 at $126.47. From there, it appears that a complex sideways pattern has emerged as the wave 4 correction. This leads me to anticipate a wave 5 rally to approximately $133.20 March. This is only $3.00 above the previous target that has yet to be met. With the time and price that has transpired from previous recommendations, I recommend revisiting how much more protection you need, and potentially more specific time frame to be marketing in. In this afternoon's discussion, I'll present the strategy I perceive to compliment the current environment in an attempt to reduce price risk for this spring's marketing's. Corn: Grains are mixed this morning. That may not last long depending on how quickly the US dollar begins fall, if at all. The more news I hear out of north Texas through Oklahoma about the drying conditions there, leads me to think the wheat may have some legs under it for a little while. Corn is anticipated to continue to move sideways. Beans above $10.16 March will go a long way in breaking short term down trend lines and exceeding previous highs. The bean oil has begun to show some strength again. Recall it was the previous leader of the complex. Account Forms: FutureSource: Christopher B. Swift Swift Trading Company 144 Second Avenue North Nashville, TN 37201 877-863-2206 615-844-2206 http://www.shootinthebull.com/

Monday, January 9, 2017

Cotton Meeting Wednesday 11 January 2017

If anyone is planning on attending the Cotton growers meeting in Ruidoso on Wednesday, you will get the latest and accurate information on Enlist Duo. The competition is spreading factually inaccurate information on Enlist Duo. We will also have the Spray Trailer there to demonstrate the Technology. The spray Trailer will also be in Ruidoso for the NM Crop Production meeting in two weeks. Dicamba is far more volatile than 2,4-D Choline, plus a 30 ft buffer vs a 110 ft buffer and Glyphosate is in Enlist Duo while the other is a standalone dicamba and nothing can be added, plus many other differences you need to be aware of. I will be out of state for a funeral but look forward to seeing you at the Crop production meeting on the 23rd. Thanks Greg


MALTA STAR-THISTLE INVASION Malta star-thistle (Centaurea melitensis L.) was first found in Eddy County around 2003 or so along the truck by pass in Carlsbad. I carry a hoe in the truck for such occurrence and have rouged out a number of new invasive weed when I see them. I was too late for this one however; I did rouge out a patch only to find 20 or more patches down the highway. Since that time this weed has been the target of the Eddy County weed management group who have done their very best to stop this weed. The fact it has taken 13 years for it to become a major concern is a testament to their work. But like the Russian thistle (tumble weed) it can now be found in the just about everywhere in the county and is moving from disturbed site such as road sides into fields and landscapes. It is a winter annual with a spiny yellow flowered head that reaches about 3 feet higher but under good growing condition can reach 4 feet. The spins are less than an 1.5 inches, which distinguishes it from its cousin yellow star-thistle. It reproduces by seed and can produce 1-60 seeds per flowering head. The leaves are withered usually by flowering time. This is a tricky weed though. It germinates in the fall, like the mustard, as soon as it has two true leaves it bolt and send up one flower that will have 1-5 seed in all less than 3 inches tall. So it is difficult to mow this flower off and it a guaranteed species survival for another year or more. There have been six biological control insects released for yellow star thistle. These insects feed on the seed thus reducing seed production. It is a wait and see if they can also help with Malta, so far as I know we don’t have any in the state yet. Chemical control if applied at the right time of year works well. The systemic herbicides clopyralid or picloram work well when applied between December and April in rangeland or roadside applications. These chemicals will kill trees and other desirable broad leaf plants. Once the flower is set, chemical application don’t do the job. In alfalfa fields the use of the mustard herbicides when there are mustard weed present may help. Clorpyralid and picloram will kill alfalfa and other perennial broad leaf plants like pecan trees, so you cannot use them. Sheep and goat like to graze this weed until it gets the spiny flower. It has no toxic effect but once the spine form they can lodge in the mouth and tong causing problems; however most animals will not try it. Cattle don’t seem to have any desire to feed upon it at any stage. This weed is almost imposable to control by mechanical methods. For homeowner in landscape situations all you can do is hoe of cut the tops off catching the seed head and disposing them in a dumpster, but as described earlier there are those survival seeds that are produced without much notice. Because of flooding in the past there is a lot of seed in the fields and if you do not spry for mustard it will get worse. The seed will not germinate until late fall. You can control the mustard and this weed too hopefully with good applications. Subscribe to Eddy County Ag news at: http://nmsueddyag.blogspot.com/ Eddy County Extension Service, New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and educator. All programs are available to everyone regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. New Mexico State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Eddy County Government Cooperating.

Friday, January 6, 2017

EPA Releases Final Analysis of Metals Released from Gold King Mine in the Animas and San Juan Rivers

EPA Releases Final Analysis of Metals Released from Gold King Mine in the Animas and San Juan Rivers WASHINGTON – Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) posted the final fate and transport report for the Gold King Mine (GKM) release. The report focuses on understanding pre-existing river conditions, the movement of metals related to the GKM release through the river system, and the effects of the GKM release on water quality. The research supports EPA’s earlier statements that water quality in the affected river system returned to the levels that existed prior to the GKM release and contamination of metals from the release have moved through the river system to Lake Powell. "This report is a comprehensive analysis of the effects on water quality from the Gold King Mine release," said Dr. Thomas A. Burke, EPA's Science Advisor and Deputy Assistant Administrator of EPA's Office of Research and Development. “While data indicate that water quality has returned to pre-event conditions, EPA is committed to continue our work with States and Tribes in the river system affected by the Gold King Mine release to ensure the protection of public health and the environment.” The area affected by the Gold King Mine release consists of complex river systems influenced by decades of historic acid mine drainage. The report shows the total amount of metals, dominated by iron and aluminum, entering the Animas River following the release --- which lasted about nine hours on August 5, 2015 --was comparable to four to seven days of ongoing GKM acid mine drainage or the average amount of metals carried by the river in one to two days of high spring runoff. However, the concentrations of some metals in the GKM plume were higher than historical mine drainage. As the yellow plume of metal-laden water traveled downstream after the release, the metal concentrations within the plume decreased as they were diluted by river water and as some of the metals settled to the river bed. There were no reported fish kills in the affected rivers, and post-release surveys by multiple organizations have found that other aquatic life does not appear to have suffered harmful short-term effects from the GKM plume. The concentrations of metals in well-water samples collected after the plume passed did not exceed federal drinking water standards. No public water system using Lake Powell as a source of drinking water has reported an exceedance of metals standards since the release. Some metals from the GKM release contributed to exceedances of state and tribal water quality criteria at various times for nine months after the release in some locations. Metals from the GKM release may have contributed to some water quality criteria exceedances during the spring 2016 snow melt. Other exceedances may reflect longstanding contributions of metals from historic mining activities in the region and natural levels of metals in soils and rocks in the area. EPA will continue to work with states and tribes to interpret and respond to these findings. Results from this analysis will inform future federal, state and tribal decisions on water and sediment monitoring. EPA will continue to work with states and tribes to ensure the protection of public health and the environment in the river system affected by the Gold King Mine release. Read the final report, “Analysis of the Transport and Fate of Metals Released From the Gold King Mine in the Animas and San Juan Rivers”: https://cfpub.epa.gov/si/si_public_file_download.cfm?p_download_id=530074 Read the report’s executive summary: https://cfpub.epa.gov/si/si_public_file_download.cfm?p_download_id=530075 More information on the Fate and Transport analysis: https://www.epa.gov/goldkingmine/fate-transport-analysis More information on the 2015 Gold King Mine incident: https://www.epa.gov/goldkingmine R005


BLOWING GRASS SEEDHEADS The past couple of weeks there have been lots of range grass seed head blowing and piling on fences and front doors and more. A few years ago we had this issue it was needle and thread grass, Hesperostipa comata or when I was in school Stipa comata, this time it is bottle brush-squirrel tail grass. For those of you who like scientific names it is Elymus elymoides but when I was in college it was Sitanion hystrix. What is bottlebrush squirrel-tail? Bottlebrush squirrel-tail, or simply squirrel tail, is a short-lived grass closely related to great basin wild rye, though not nearly as noticeable. Mature seed heads twist, its stem giving a bottlebrush or squirrel tail appearance. Hence the name bottle bush. Its ability to germinate in the late fall and very early spring at a wide range of temperatures add to its capability to compete with cheat-grass (Bromus tectorumL.) and needle and thread grass. Studies also indicate that squirrel-tail is capable of establishing in medusahead wildrye (Taeniatherum caput-medusae(L.) Nevski) infested sites. This makes squirrel-tail one of the more competitive native grasses available for reseeding disturbed rangelands. It is also a self-pollenating species which allows it to produce seed despite sparse stands following seeding, and seeds are dispersed when the awn (long hair like structure you see) seed head is bounced along the ground by the wind. Squirrel-tail is considered to be one of the most fire resistant native bunchgrasses. Older plants contain relatively low amounts of dead material when compared with other native bunchgrasses. This allows for hot, but quick burns which do not penetrate and damage the crown. However, during dry years plants can be damaged by severe burns. As an early-seral species, new plants often increase for two to three years following burns. When in large, dense stands, squirrel-tail is very effective at controlling wind and water erosion, due to its persistent ground cover. Squirrel-tail is considered to be fair to desirable forage for cattle, horses and sheep in spring before seed head development and late summer to fall after seed shatter. The long, sharp awns of the florets and glumes can be injurious to grazing animals during mid to late spring into summer. Leaves green up in very early spring and are palatable through the fall, especially following rain. The tendency for some leaves to remain green through the winter makes squirrel-tail an important, though not especially nutritious, winter forage species. The crude protein can range for 18% in the spring to 4% in the winter. This plant is much more desirable range plant than the needle and thread grass it has replaced. and seeds are dispersed when the awn (long hair like structure you see) seed head is bounced along the ground by the wind. Awns may also get stuck in animal hair and be transported by them. Bottlebrush squirrel tail inhabits a wide variety of soil types and is tolerant of alkali soils. It is drought adapted, growing best with 8 to 20 inches average annual precipitation which is Eddy County. In general, squirrel-tail is classified as fair forage for grazers. Later in the season after flowering, it may be consumed only after the seed head have broken and fallen because their sharp points can injure soft tissue. It provides fair erosion control and produces large numbers of highly viable seeds. Squirrel-tail’s most important role is as an early successional species, growing rapidly following. It shows good potential in its competitive ability against cheat-grass, and the needle and thread grass we had a few years ago. So while it may seem like a nuisance the fact it is here is a sign that our range land is healing after the severe fires we had a number of years back, and that ranchers with state and federal land managers are taking care of this vital resource. Subscribe to Eddy County Ag news at: http://nmsueddyag.blogspot.com/ Eddy County Extension Service, New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and educator. All programs are available to everyone regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. New Mexico State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Eddy County Government Cooperating

Thursday, January 5, 2017

USDA Ombudsperson Office Expands to Help Women and Hispanic Farmers and Ranchers Resolve Access Issues to USDA Programs

USDA Ombudsperson Office Expands to Help Women and Hispanic Farmers and Ranchers Resolve Access Issues to USDA Programs WASHINGTON, Jan. 5, 2017 - The U.S. Department of Agriculture today announced that the Office of the Ombudsperson is helping women and Hispanic farmers and ranchers with accessing Farm Service Agency (FSA), Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and Rural Development (RD) programs. The Ombudsperson seeks a fair process for everyone involved and helps USDA identify and address issues relating to program access by women and Hispanic producers, focused strategically on FSA, NRCS, and RD programs in California, Missouri, New Mexico and Texas. "I strongly support this office and its functions in ensuring civil rights at USDA and continuing to improve service delivery to our stakeholders," said Vilsack. "The Ombudsperson is another avenue for producers to highlight their shared concerns, while also allowing key issues to be brought to USDA's leaders as early as possible and to help identify solutions to these shared concerns." The office was created as part of the Keepseagle v. Vilsack settlement to serve Native American farmers and ranchers before directing efforts to serve women and Hispanic farmers. The Ombudsperson serves as an independent, neutral, confidential and informal resource and advocates within USDA for changes when the process, supporting information and data demonstrate a need. However, the Ombudsperson will not advocate for individuals, groups or entities or take sides in an issue or advocate for a particular outcome. During his tenure, Secretary Vilsack built a new era for civil rights at USDA to ensure that all customers and employees are treated fairly, no matter their race, color, sex, national origin, religion, disability, or age and consistently supported efficient delivery and coordination across all of USDA's programs. The Ombudsperson: • listens to concerns as a confidential neutral person with no agenda or bias; • facilitates early calls with USDA program staff and managers; • makes the connections with the right individuals who can answer the questions or address the concerns raised; • shares systemic issues with the USDA managers and senior leaders; and • helps identify recommendations on shared concerns. More information about the Office of the Ombudsperson is available at www.usda.gov/ombudsperson. The Ombudsperson, Joanne Dea, can be reached by phone at (202) 205-1000 or via email at ombudsperson@usda.gov. #

Wednesday, January 4, 2017

Southwest Beef Symposium set for Jan. 11-12 in Roswell

Southwest Beef Symposium set for Jan. 11-12 in Roswell Writer: Steve Byrns, 325-653-4576, s-byrns@tamu.edu Contact: Dr. Bruce Carpenter 432-336-8585 BCarpent@ag.tamu.edu ROSWELL, NEW MEXICO – The Southwest Beef Symposium, a two-state educational program jointly hosted by the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service and the New Mexico State University Cooperative Extension Service, is set for Jan. 11-12 at the Roswell Convention Center, 912 N. Main St. in Roswell, New Mexico. This year’s theme will be “What’s to Follow Historic Times?” said Dr. Bruce Carpenter, AgriLife Extension livestock specialist in Ft. Stockton. “After several years of very favorable cattle prices for cow-calf and stocker producers, the drastic drop we’re seeing in the cattle market now has various segments of the industry wondering what to do for income, production and profit. The goal of this symposium is to provide answers to those questions.” Individual early registration is $75 by Jan. 2 and $95 thereafter. The fees include a steak dinner on Jan. 11, lunch on Jan. 12, refreshments and symposium proceedings. To register, and for more information, visit the symposium website, http://swbs.nmsu.edu, or contact Carpenter at 432-336-8585, BCarpent@ag.tamu.edu. The opening session from 1-5 p.m. on Jan. 11 will address emerging big-picture issues in the global beef industry, he said. Issues and speakers will be: -Global Factors Affecting U.S. Beef Demand and What Are Others Expecting from the U.S., Leann Saunders, IMI Global president. -Sustainability, What Is It? What Does It Really Mean?,” Dr. Ted McCollum, AgriLife Extension beef specialist, Amarillo. -What Happened to the Calf Market?” Dr. Derrell Peel, Oklahoma State University professor of agricultural economics and agricultural business, Stillwater, Oklahoma. – Key Performance Indicators for Cow-Calf Producers, Bill Thompson, AgriLife Extension economist, San Angelo. The second day will focus on cow-calf and stocker ranching and production operations. Speakers and topics will include: – EPDs Tool for Progress, Dr. Marcy Ward, NMSU Cooperative Extension livestock specialist, Las Cruces, New Mexico. – Beef Genomics: Present and Future, Dr. Kent Anderson, Zoetis Animal Health strategic account manager, Lincoln, Nebraska. – Residual Feed Intake: What Is It and How Can It Be Used to Improve the Bottom Line? Dr. Gordon Carstens, Texas A&M University professor of animal nutrition, College Station. -Residual Feed Intake: What Is It? How Should It Influence Management? Dr. Eric Scholljegerdes, NMSU associate professor of ruminant nutrition, Las Cruces. – Developing Immunity in Calves. Dr. John Wenzel, NMSU Cooperative Extension veterinarian, Las Cruces. -Prescribed Burning in the Southwest, Dr. Morgan Russell, AgriLife Extension range specialist, San Angelo.

NM Cotton Conference

NM Cotton Conference will be the day before the hay conference on 11 January 2017 at the Ruidoso Conference Center. he New Mexico Cotton Growers Association Conference provides an opportunity for cotton growers in New Mexico to update their knowledge on important production practices and to also learn about new technologies in cotton production coming out from the industry. It also provides an opportunity for cotton growers to network among themselves and discuss matters that are of mutual benefit. Cotton plants The 2017 New Mexico Cotton Growers Conference will be from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Wednesday, Jan. 11, at the Ruidoso Convention Center, 111 Sierra Blanca Drive, Ruidoso, New Mexico. (NMSU photo) The 2017 New Mexico Cotton Growers Conference will be from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Wednesday, Jan. 11, at the Ruidoso Convention Center, 111 Sierra Blanca Drive, Ruidoso, New Mexico. This year’s conference will focus on cotton nutrition and fertilization, disease management, cotton varieties, cotton economics, the current regulatory environment and cotton classification and grading. “We have a lineup of great speakers, from within and outside of New Mexico, who will deliver cutting-edge information related to cotton production practices,” said John Idowu, New Mexico State University Cooperative Extension Service agronomist. “We will also have representatives from seed, chemical and irrigation industries, to provide information on products that can lead to cost savings for farmers.” All New Mexico cotton growers, extension educators, crop consultants and stakeholders are welcome to attend. Registration fee is $25 per person, which includes lunch. Registration form can be downloaded at http://aces.nmsu.edu/ces/ifcpm/documents/conference-registration-form-2017.pdf. Mail, email or fax completed registration forms to Patrick Sullivan, 1946 S. Valley Drive, Las Cruces, NM 88005, nmbollweevil@zianet.com, phone 575-541-0584 or fax 575-541-0788. Those who wish to come the day before the conference can stay at The Lodge at Sierra Blanca, 107 Sierra Blanca Drive, Ruidoso, 575-258-5500. The hotel offers a discounted conference rate in conjunction with the New Mexico Hay Association Conference. Please reference the NM Hay Association Conference when making reservations. If you have any questions, please contact Idowu at jidowu@nmsu.edu, 575-646-2571, or Sullivan at nmbollweevil@zianet.com, 575-541-0584.

NM Hay Conference

NMSU, NM Hay Association to host annual Southwest Hay & Forage Conference in Ruidoso Jan. 11-13 DATE: 12/09/2016 WRITER: Jane Moorman, 505-249-0527, jmoorman@nmsu.edu CONTACT: Mark Marsalis , 505-865-7340, marsalis@nmsu.edu RUIDOSO – Hay operation resilience and flexibility during tough economic times will highlight the 2017 Southwest Hay & Forage Conference Jan. 11-13 at the Ruidoso Convention Center in Ruidoso. “Low hay prices and high input costs have caused producers to question traditional practices and consider how they can do things differently in order to increase their profit margins,” said Mark Marsalis, New Mexico State University Extension forage specialist. “This conference will address concerns of financial uncertainty and how to use new technology and alternative crops to improve crop and economic diversity.” The conference is sponsored by the New Mexico Hay Association and NMSU. NMSU’s College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences Dean Rolando Flores’ opening remarks will kick off the conference’s general session Thursday, Jan. 12. Flores promotes the importance of NMSU’s College of ACES in the state’s economic development through research and education in the areas of better water utilization/conservation systems, stewardship of the environment, a better food production system and healthier New Mexicans. “This year, we’ve assembled a broad range of forage knowledge and expertise from universities, farmers and industry interests across the United States,” Marsalis said. “This panel of speakers is sure to provide valuable information that our New Mexico producers don’t want to miss.” Among the speakers will be specialists from across the country with vast experience of producing forages in challenging environmental and economic conditions. Agricultural specialist presentations will include: – Wayne Coblentz from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Dairy Forage Research Center in Madison, Wisconsin, speaking on hay preservation and hay cutting management for maximum quality – Joe Brummer of Colorado State University speaking on utilizing brassicas as an alternative forage to increase diversity and farm flexibility – Steve Orloff of the University of California Extension speaking about Roundup Ready alfalfa; avoiding injury and weed resistance; and how to cut farm costs during economic downturns – Garrett Kennedy of Knopf Farms in Kansas speaking about no-till forages and the challenges experienced and techniques used on a long-term, no-till operation – John Idowu, NMSU Extension agronomist, speaking about other alternative crops that may fit into New Mexico operations – Leslie Beck, NMSU Extension weed specialist, giving weed label updates for forages – Carol Sutherland, NMSU Extension entomologist, speaking about white-fringed beetle and insect management Presentations related to equipment efficiency and technology will be made on new sprayer technologies and utilization by Tim Conoly of Wylie Sprayers and corn planting technology by Stacey Bandoni-Lewis of Precision Planting. Business and policy updates will be presented on: – Workers’ Comp and OSHA regulation updates by Erica Moncayo of New Mexico Mutual – Pasture, rangeland and forage insurance by Kevin Gubbels of InsureMyForage.com – Legislative update by Zack Riley of New Mexico Farm Bureau Thursday evening, agricultural comedian Tim “The Dairy Farmer” Moffett will be the after-dinner entertainment, which will be followed by a live band and dance. The New Mexico Hay Association board of directors meeting will be held at 5 p.m. Wednesday, Jan. 11, at the MCM Elegante Lodge & Resort (formerly the Lodge of Sierra Blanca), and again immediately following the conference. Five New Mexico pesticide applicator continuing education units have been approved for this meeting. CEUs for Texas and Arizona have been requested. Preregistration is $100 per person before Dec. 28. Attendees can register at the door for $120. Annual membership dues to the association are $45. Register online at: http://www.nmhay.com/2017-conference.html. Registration includes the two-day conference, two meals and entertainment. Lodging is available, at a discount, adjacent to the Ruidoso Convention Center at the MCM Elegante Lodge & Resort (formerly the Lodge at Sierra Blanca). A number of rooms are reserved at the special rate. You can reach them at: 1-866-211-7727 or online at: http://www.mcmeleganteruidoso.com/. For more information on the conference, including a full agenda, visit http://www.nmhay.com or contact Cassie Sterrett by phone at 575-626-1688 or by e-mail at nmhay@yahoo.com. Registration forms are available online at http://www.nmhay.com or http://forages.nmsu.edu. Marsalis can be contacted at 505-865-7340 or marsalis@nmsu.edu. Contact Sterrett for a copy of the registration forms and exhibitor information. Booth space is still available. - 30 - Follow NMSU News on Twitter: http://twitter.com/nmsunews Follow NMSU News on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/NMSUNews

EPA Finalizes Human Health Risk Assessment for Pesticide Used on Pets

EPA Finalizes Human Health Risk Assessment for Pesticide Used on Pets EPA has finalized the human health risk assessment of tetrachlorvinphos (TCVP). TCVP is an organophosphate insecticide used to control fleas, ticks, and other pests on and around pets and livestock. It is used in residential products like pet collars. Through the publication of the revised human health risk assessment and related documents, we are addressing a 2009 Natural Resource Defense Council (NRDC) petition. This risk assessment identified potential risks to people, including children, in residential settings and to certain workers applying TCVP, which exceed the Agency’s level of concern. The Agency has contacted the pesticide manufacturers to initiate discussions with them to reduce exposure and resolve potential risks identified in the human health risk assessment. The Agency will issue a Proposed Decision in 2017 for public comment. Until that time, it is important to follow label instructions on proper use of pesticide products. We advise consumers to take certain precautions when handling TCVP products in residential areas. These precautions are listed on TCVP product labels, including: • not allowing children to play with TCVP pet collar products, • keeping TCVP spray and powder products out of reach of children, and • washing hands thoroughly with soap and water after handling. To view TCVP’s human health risk assessment and other registration review documents, visit regulations.gov, docket number EPA-HQ-OPP-2008-0316. More information on: • tetrachlorvinphos • protecting your pets form fleas and ticks • reducing your child's chances of pesticide poisoning

Help Protect Your Family from Lung Cancer: Test and Know Your Home’s Radon Level

Woods note: New Mexico has a high radon rate. Help Protect Your Family from Lung Cancer: Test and Know Your Home’s Radon Level WASHINGTON – January is National Radon Action Month, when the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) joins with state, tribal and local public health agencies to encourage all Americans to test their homes for radon. Exposure to radon in indoor air is the second leading cause of lung cancer. Test your home and make 2017 a safer and healthier year. “January is the time when we remind everyone to ‘test, fix and save a life.’ That’s because lung cancer due to radon can be prevented by testing, and if needed, fixing your home. It’s a simple and important way to help safeguard your family’s health,” said Jon Edwards, Director of EPA’s Office of Radiation and Indoor Air. “Testing is inexpensive and test kits are readily available and easy to use. Reducing your family’s exposure to radon provides peace of mind, knowing that you’re doing the right thing to help avoid the toll taken by radon-induced lung cancer.” Every year an estimated 21,000 Americans die from lung cancer due to radon exposure. There’s only one way to know whether your home has an elevated radon level: testing for it. If the radon level is 4 picocuries per liter (pCi/L) of air or more, the U.S. Surgeon General and EPA recommend taking action to fix your home. With a test result of 4 pCi/L or more, you should contact a qualified radon mitigation contractor. Easy to use do-it-yourself radon test kits are affordable and available online and at many home improvement and hardware stores. You can also hire a qualified radon professional. Testing may show your home to have a high radon level. If so, a professionally installed radon reduction system, using a vent pipe and exhaust fan, will help prevent the radon from entering your home and will discharge it outside. When compared with risk of lung cancer, these systems are very affordable, generally in the price range of many common home improvements. Reducing your exposure to radon is a long-term investment in your health and your home. A mitigation system in good working order is a positive selling point when placing your home on the market; in many areas radon testing is a routine part of a home sale. Are you buying a new home? Ask the seller if the home has been tested recently. If the results are high, the costs to fix it can be factored into the sale. Thinking of building a new home? Work with your builder to include radon-resistant construction techniques. Strategies to reduce radon exposure, like those above, are included in the National Radon Action Plan. The Plan was launched in November 2015 by EPA, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Department of Health and Human Services, and nine national non-governmental organizations. This national partnership coordinates radon reduction efforts and resources. The Plan’s goal is to prevent 3,200 lung cancer deaths annually by 2020. To learn more about testing or obtaining a radon test kit, contact your state radon office at 1-800-SOS-RADON. Visit https://www.epa.gov/radon to find a qualified radon professional, or learn more about the National Radon Action Plan partnership. R001