Thursday, May 25, 2017

NMSU Extension hosts large animal rescue training for emergency response teams

NMSU Extension hosts large animal rescue training for emergency response teams DATE: 05/25/2017 WRITER: Jane Moorman, 505-249-0527, jmoorman@nmsu.edu CONTACT: John Allen, 575-835-0610, allenj@nmsu.edu The emergency call comes into the 911 center: a horse and its rider have fallen into a deep arroyo and the horse is laying on the person. Another call asks for help getting a horse out of a water-filled drainage ditch. A third call tells of a livestock trailer that has rolled over during a traffic accident. These may seem like scenes from a television show, but they are real-life scenarios where emergency response personnel must be ready to respond. Sarah Jucha of Bernalillo County Animal Control said it’s not uncommon to get calls to rescue large animals. “We get them all the time,” Jucha said. “I’ve had to get horses out of ditches. It can be tricky if you haven’t had training.” New Mexico State University’s College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences hosted a three-day training in April to provide an opportunity for emergency response and agriculture personnel to train together prior to an actual emergency. Hosted by NMSU’s Cooperative Extension Service county offices in Dona Ana and Socorro counties and funded by New Mexico’s Department of Homeland Security, the training addressed awareness, operations and technical methods. “The training provided practical consideration, behavioral understanding, specialty equipment techniques, methodologies and tactics behind the safe extraction of a live, large animal from entrapments in an emergency situation,” said Teresa Dean, NMSU CES agent in Dona Ann County. Rebecca Gimenez of Technical Large Animal Emergency Rescue in Macon, Georgia, led the training. Gimenez was called upon to conduct the training after Jessica Smith, former CES agricultural agent in Socorro County, took Gimenez’s class in Georgia. “Jessica came back from our training and convinced the county emergency management to purchase an A-frame bi-pod hoist system and ropes for rescues, and a 600-pound horse mannequin for training,” Gimenez said. The horse mannequin allowed participants to practice techniques for handling the animal, such as putting straps on the animal to be lifted out of mud or water, or strapping the sedated horse to a sledge to be hauled out of a deep ravine. “It’s one thing to practice on a lightweight stand-in for a horse, it’s another thing to have to pull a 1,000-pound horse out of a steep ravine or hoist them out of water,” Gimenez said. “The mannequin gives the trainees a realistic experience.” The first two days of training in Las Cruces introduced participants to the proper handling of cattle and horses and how to use a fire extinguisher in case of a barn fire; to properly use an A-frame bi-pod hoist and rope pulley system; and how to rescue a horse from a roll-over trailer accident and from a burning barn. During the technical training in Socorro County, participants had to rescue a mannequin human and horse from a 100-foot ravine, and a horse from a swift-water drainage ditch. “This was just an introduction into the types of scenarios that they might face,” Gimenez said. “You never know who will be present to help in an emergency. It could be yourself and two other people. Or you could be lucky to have a team that includes EMTs and veterinarians.” Participating in the training were firefighters from Las Cruces, Dona Ana County, Radium Springs, Sunland Park and Socorro; animal control officers from Deming, Dona Ana County, Las Cruces, Village of Los Ranchos de Albuquerque and Bernalillo County; Extension agents from Luna, Otero, Dona Ana and Socorro counties; veterinarians from Las Cruces, Edgewood and Magdalena; Back Country Horsemen members from Edgewood; NMSU livestock specialist Marcy Ward; and NMSU students. - 30 - Follow NMSU News on Twitter: http://twitter.com/nmsunews Follow NMSU News on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/NMSUNews

Tuesday, May 23, 2017

Statement from Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue on the Proposed FY 2018 Budget

Email: press@oc.usda.gov Statement from Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue on the Proposed FY 2018 Budget (Washington, D.C., May 23, 2017) – Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue today issued the following statement on the proposed FY 2018 budget: “President Trump promised he would realign government spending, attempt to eliminate duplication or redundancy, and see that all government agencies are efficiently delivering services to the taxpayers of America. And that’s exactly what we are going to do at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). “Having been the governor of Georgia from 2003 to 2011 – not during the best economic times – we did what it took to get the job done, just like the people involved in every aspect of American agriculture do every single day. While the President’s budget fully funds nutrition programs, wildland fire suppression and food safety, and includes several new initiatives and increases for Rural Development, whatever form the final budget takes, it is my job as Secretary of Agriculture to manage and implement that plan, while still fulfilling the core mission of USDA,” said Secretary Perdue. Background: Earlier today, Secretary Perdue sent the following video message to all USDA employees:

STORM DAMAGED CROPS

STORM DAMAGED CROPS Several areas throughout Eddy County have been hit with violent storms producing heavy winds and/or hail. Damage to vegetable crops by severe wind and hail includes leaf defoliation, leaf tearing and shredding, stem breakage, stem bruising and wounding, loss of flowers and small fruit, and fruit bruising and wounding. Effects of storm damage on vegetable crops and recovery of crops will depend on a number of factors including the type of vegetable, stage of growth, weather conditions immediately after storms, and prevalence of disease organisms. Continued hot, wet conditions after storm events pose the most risk by increasing disease incidence, particularly bacterial diseases. While hot dry weather is not favorable to disease organism. Defoliation reduces leaf area and plants will need to grow new leaves from buds (for vegetables such as vine crops where this is possible). It will take several weeks to replace the leaf area lost. This will cause delays in maturity. If crops are more advanced, loss of leaf area can reduce fruit or storage organ quality (reduced sugars). Fruit or storage organ size may or may not be affected. Leaf area recovery (growing new leaves) will be aided by additional nitrogen applications after the storm event. In crops such as sweet corn that cannot grow new leaves, research has shown that hail damage will reduce marketable ears and overall tonnage if leaf damage occurs in vegetative stages or at silking. Leaf loss near harvest will have minimal effects. Fruit bruising or wounding often causes the most severe losses in crops such as tomatoes. Fruits may be rendered unmarketable or of reduced grade. Wounds can also increase the incidence of some fruit diseases and storage rots. In particular, bacterial rots that normally are minimal may be increased in damaged fruits. In plants such as tomatoes, it is advised to remove damaged fruits from plants. These fruits are likely to be unmarketable and will just be a drain on food resources produced by the plant. By removing damaged fruits, remaining uninjured fruits will have access to more photosynthates being produced by the plant. Stem breakage or injury can lead to major losses in some fruiting crops such as peppers by loss of fruiting area as well as increased sunburn as plants are opened up. Many vining crops will recover significantly from stem breakage by producing new branches, although production will be delayed. Losses of flowers or small fruit may limit yield potential and delay crop harvest in many vegetable crops. Beans that are flowering are particularly susceptible and flower loss due to storms may lead to split sets. Damaged plant tissue also can affect healthy surrounding tissue. As cell contents leak, enzymes, oxidative compounds, and other reactive chemicals are released that can injury surrounding cells. Age and stage of development of plants will also be a factor in the overall impact of storm damage. A good example is with bean plants. In the case of hail, the bean plant is considered dead if it is in the cotyledon stage and is cut off below the cotyledons, or if the cotyledon is damaged by hail to such a degree that they have no green leaf tissue or re-growth. The reason is that nutrients and food reserves in the cotyledons supply the needs of the young plant during emergence and for about seven to 10 days after emergence, or until there is one fully-developed trifoliolate leaf. Cotyledons are the first photosynthetic organs of the bean seedling and are also major contributors for seedling growth. Unlike corn, whose growing point is below ground until it reaches V5-V6, the growing point for beans is between the cotyledons and moves above the soil surface at emergence. This makes beans particularly susceptible to damage from hail, or anything that cuts the plant off below the cotyledons early in its life. Stand reductions are likely to follow hailstorms. If the first trifoliate leaf is formed, photosynthesis by the developing leaves is adequate for the plant to sustain itself. Of immediate concern after storms will be bacterial diseases on susceptible crops. Bacterial diseases have been shown to be more severe after storm damage as they can readily enter through wounds. Including copper products in spray programs after storm injury is recommended to limit bacterial diseases. In North Carolina research, peppers were shown to have increased bacterial spot after hail. Use of copper fungicides with maneb limited the effect of bacterial spot in these hail damaged peppers. There has been some non-scientific based recommendation to use peroxide based fungicide/bacteriacide products after storm events. These products kill what they contact and have no residual. There may be some reduction in the numbers of disease organisms on plant surfaces; however, there is little research to show major benefits after storm damage. General recommendations for storm damaged vegetables are to first evaluate the extent of the damage. According to the stage of the crop and extent of damage, determine if the crop can be salvaged. For commercial crops including cotton crop insurance adjusters are trained to evaluate storm damage in many crops and should be contacted immediately for insured crops. For crops that will be salvaged or kept, consider applying additional nitrogen to encourage new growth where appropriate. Apply fungicides and include copper compounds where bacterial diseases are of concern. Subscribe to Eddy County Ag news at: http://nmsueddyag.blogspot.com/ Eddy County Extension Service, New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and educator. All programs are available to everyone regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. New Mexico State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Eddy County Government Cooperating.

Office closed Wendsday pm and Thursday

The Eddy County Extension Office will be on bereavement leave from 12 noon on Wednesday until 8:00 Fri morning the office will not be open.

Thursday, May 18, 2017

NMSU College of ACES evaluates agricultural science center system

NMSU College of ACES evaluates agricultural science center system DATE: 05/18/2017 WRITER: Jane Moorman, 505-249-0527, jmoorman@nmsu.edu CONTACT: Rolando A. Flores, 575-646-3748, rolflo@nmsu.edu Public concern regarding New Mexico State University potentially closing two agricultural science centers has stimulated the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences to conduct a self-evaluation of the 12 centers around the state. “At this time we are not closing any centers; that would be the last recourse, but it is on the table,” said College of ACES Dean Rolando A. Flores. “In a time of low budgets, we need to rationalize and properly manage our resources.” During visits with the advisory boards at each agricultural science center, Flores explained the evaluation process the college has begun. “We have formed a committee to determine ways we can operate the research centers more efficiently as a whole, while reaching our goal of providing applied science that the agricultural producers may use in their operations to position themselves for success,” Flores said. The committee includes individuals from the private industry, some agricultural science center superintendents, college department heads and faculty members. “Our agricultural science centers need to be as self-sufficient as possible; research is not free,” Flores said. “It is critical that faculty members submit grant proposals, and they are doing it. However, at the national level, funding sources have decreased while the amount of people applying for funding has increased.” The alternative for the College of ACES is to do as other universities have done – turn to the private sector for partnerships. “We need to start looking at different approaches as to how we fund research,” he said. “We need more involvement with private industry participating in research, sponsoring research.” Under Flores’ leadership the entire college is conducting an extensive self-evaluation to determine the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of each department and program, including the Cooperative Extension Service within each county and the 12 agricultural science centers around the state. “As with any organization involving 700 employees, we are finding issues and we are working to solve them,” Flores said. “As an engine for the economic and community development of New Mexico, we are committed to use efficient systems with considerable positive impact in the state.” - 30 -

Last Chance to Register USDA PARTNERING FOR INNOVATION Funding Opportunities for Agribusinesses

For many ag-entrepreneurs and innovators, finding capital can be quite an odyssey. Having the right existing relationships and knowing where to look is more than half the battle. Fortunately, there are several grants and programs geared toward fueling agri-businesses. Attend this information session on May 18th from 11:00am-12:00pm to learn about U.S. Department of Agriculture-Rural Development financial and technical assistance programs for ag-entrepreneurs. This event is free and open to the public, but registration is required. Learn more and register at bit.ly/AgSprintUSDAWorkshop. ABOUT THE SPEAKER Clyde F. Hudson is the Community Development Coordinator for U.S. Department of Agriculture, Rural Development in New Mexico.