Thursday, July 20, 2017

USDA Farm Service Agency News Release - New Mexico Producers Have Until Aug. 1, to Submit FSA County Committee Nominations

Albuquerque, NM, July 17, 2017 — The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) Acting Executive Director for New Mexico, Brenda Archuleta, today reminded farmers and ranchers that they have until Aug. 1, 2017, to nominate eligible candidates to serve on local FSA county committees. County committees are made up of farmers and ranchers elected by other producers in their communities to guide the delivery of farm programs at the local level. Committee members play a critical role in the day-to-day operations of FSA. Committees consist of three to 11 members and meet once a month or as needed to make important decisions on disaster and conservation programs, emergency programs, commodity price support loan programs, county office employment and other agricultural issues. Members serve three-year terms. Nationwide there are over 7,700 farmer and ranchers serving on FSA county committees. "The Aug. 1 deadline is quickly approaching,” said Acting SED, Brenda Archuleta. "If you know of a great candidate or want to nominate yourself to serve on your local county committee, go to your county FSA office right now and submit the nomination form. I especially encourage the nomination of beginning farmers and ranchers, as well as women and minorities. This is your opportunity to have a say in how federal programs are delivered in your county.” To be eligible to serve on an FSA county committee, a person must participate or cooperate in an agency administered program, and reside in the local administrative area where the election is being held. A complete list of eligibility requirements, more information and nomination forms are available at http://www.fsa.usda.gov/elections. All nominees must sign the nomination form FSA-669A. All nomination forms for the 2017 election must be postmarked or received in the local FSA county office by Aug. 1, 2017. Ballots will be mailed to eligible voters by Nov. 6 and are due back to the local USDA Service Centers on Dec. 4. The newly elected county committee members will take office Jan. 1, 2018.

USDA Farm Service Agency State Office in Albuquerque to Move to New Location

USDA Farm Service Agency State Office in Albuquerque to Move to New Location Albuquerque, NM, July 17, 2017 – USDA Farm Service Agency Acting State Executive Director, Brenda Archuleta announced today the agency will be moving its State Office from 6200 Jefferson Street, Suite 211 to One Sun Plaza Building, 100 Sun Avenue, NE, Suite 200, Albuquerque, NM. Due to the move, the State Office Staff will be available by appointment only, Thursday, July 20, 2017 and Friday, July 21, 2017. The State Office will resume walk-in business at 8:00a.m. on Monday July 24, 2017. Other USDA agencies also moving in the weeks to follow will include Rural Development (RD) and the Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) State Offices. The moves are being conducted to fill office space vacated by the U.S. Forest Service. When: July 20, 2017 and July 21, 2017. What: USDA Farm Service Agency State Office will be moving to a new office space. Where: One Sun Plaza Building, 100 Sun Avenue, NE, Suite 200, Albuquerque, NM 87109. Contact: For information on this News Release, please contact Veronica Tribbet, Farm Service Agency Administrative Specialist during business hours at (505)761-4900 or at Veronica.Tribbet@nm.usda.gov.

House Panel Lifts Ban on Slaughtering Horses for Meat

House Panel Lifts Ban on Slaughtering Horses for Meat The New York Times By Associated Press A House panel has voted to lift a ban on slaughtering horses at meat processing plants. The move by the House Appropriations Committee would reverse a horse slaughter ban that was contained in a huge catchall spending bill signed into law by President Trump in early May. A move to renew the slaughter ban, pushed by California Democrat Lucille Roybal-Allard, was defeated by a 27-25 vote. The Horse slaughter ban has mostly been in force for more than a decade. The ban is enforced by blocking the Agriculture Department from providing inspectors at meat plants that slaughter horses and is in place through Sept. 30. There are currently no horse slaughter facilities operating in the U.S.

USDA Technology Transfer Report Highlights “Made in America” Research

USDA Technology Transfer Report Highlights “Made in America” Research (WASHINGTON, July 20, 2017) - U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue today announced that U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) research generated 244 new inventions and 109 patent applications in the 2016 fiscal year. These innovations included an anti-cancer drug derived from Omega-3 fatty acids, sensors to help prevent bridge collapses, gene-silencing technology that controls mosquito populations, and hand-held imaging tools to detect meat contamination. The Secretary released USDA’s annual Technology Transfer Report, which listed the technology produced through research either conducted or supported by USDA. “USDA’s made-in-America research gives us new technology that creates business opportunities and private sector jobs in both agriculture and other sectors,” Perdue said. “Studies show that every dollar invested in agricultural research returns $20 to our economy. Just like the crops that come up out of our soil, these inventions and innovations were made in America.” The 559-page report outlines the public release and adoption of information, tools, and solutions developed through USDA’s agricultural research efforts, collaborative partnerships, and formal Cooperative Research and Development Agreements. The innovations outlined in the report show how these efforts have translated into public-private partnerships that help American agriculture and other businesses compete in the world marketplace. For more information, please read the Fiscal Year 2016 Annual Report on Technology Transfer (PDF, 5.9 MB). Innovations include: • Anti-cancer drug: A patent application was filed in September 2016 by Penn State University researchers for an anti-cancer drug developed from Omega-3 fatty acid derivatives. The researchers received funding from USDA’s National Institute for Food and Agriculture. (p. 538 in the report) • Protecting Bridge Infrastructure: The U.S. Forest Service (FS) has patented a method for measuring streambed variations around bridge piers. This will help prevent unexpected bridge collapses by providing real time monitoring of bed scour at piers. (p. 487) • Silencing mosquito genes: Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists and collaborators in Gainesville, Florida have demonstrated that selectively silencing proteins in the genes of mosquitoes is an effective method for controlling disease-carrying mosquitoes. (p. 206) • Meat contamination tool: ARS researchers in Beltsville, Maryland developed a handheld fluorescent imaging device (HFID) that detects contaminated food and equipment surfaces. This patented technology is under license and commercial development by an industry partner and will support and improve industry and government meat safety inspection programs. (p.166) In addition to ARS, NIFA, and FS, the Technology Transfer Report lists activities at USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Economic Research Service (ERS), Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), the Grain Inspection, Packers, and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA), and the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). #

Wednesday, July 19, 2017

Vegetable Garden with Boil Water Advisory.

Drinking and recreational water have been carriers in several outbreaks of E-coli, but it is more common to come from fecal contamination by infected animals or people. The Boil Water advisory should not change what you do to your garden vary much. You should all ready be taking precautions to prevent infection of E. coli from your garden. This Advisory does alert you to do somethings different. E. coli bacteria cannot be taken up by plant roots and then transported throughout the plant. However, if the edible portion of your plants contact the soil or if the edible portion of your plants have been watered with "suspect water" there is some risk of E. coli contamination. To minimize risk of E. coli contamination. It is best not to harvest with in 30 days of exposure to potentially infected water. But that may not be possible. It is important to prevent direct contact of potentially contaminated water with the fruits or vegetables you plan to harvest. The type of plant you are growing affects how you water. If the edible portion of the crop is located above the soil, it is better to water with a drip system or a furrow or flood system than with sprinklers. Keeping the water on the ground will minimize exposure on the editable portion, and limit direct contact between the water and the eatable crop. If the plants can survive until the boil water advisory is over it is best not to water. Apply a thick mulch to limit evaporation and extend the time until you have to water. If you have to irrigate you can treat the water with unscented house hold bleach. Table 1. Amount of bleach needed to disinfect water Gals. of water to disinfect Amount of bleach needed* 1 2 drops 5 11 drops 50 1 3/4 tsp. 100 3 1/2 tsp. 500 6 Tbs. *Will produce water with about 2 parts per million of chlorine. Let stand one hour before watering. Root crops and leafy vegetables have the greatest risk of exposure from infected water to soil. Colorado State University Cooperative Extension recommends that in the kitchen: Food handling and preparation practices are the last line of defense for preventing infection from E. coli and other food borne pathogens. The following actions can help ensure the safety of the food you serve. They are especially important if you or those you are serving are at risk for food borne illness. The groups at highest risk include pregnant women and infants, children, the elderly and immune-compromised individuals. Wash hands thoroughly before working with food and after using the toilet, changing diapers, handling animals or helping people who have diarrhea. Thoroughly wash with either boiled water or water from out side the advisory area. The water does not have to be hot. All raw fruits and vegetables just before preparing or eating them. This not only helps remove dirt, bacteria and stubborn garden pests, but it also helps remove residual pesticides. Separate and individually rinse the leaves of spinach and lettuce. Peel potatoes, carrots, yams and other root vegetables, or clean them well with a firm scrub brush under lukewarm non-suspect preferable running water. Pat dry with paper towels. Clean and sanitize cutting boards, utensils and surface areas used to prepare any raw food before using them to prepare another product, especially if that food will be eaten raw. Use 3/4 teaspoon of chlorine bleach per quart. Avoid cross-contamination between raw and cooked foods. Store fresh meat below produce in the refrigerator. Never place cooked meat on an unwashed plate that held raw meat. Cook ground meats thoroughly to 160 degrees F. Check the internal temperature with a thermometer. Use only safe, treated water to clean with. Refrigerate leftovers promptly. Rinsing some produce, such as leafy greens, with a vinegar solution (1/2 cup distilled white vinegar per 2 cups water) followed by a clean water rinse has been shown to reduce bacterial contamination but may affect the taste. For more information see http://extension.colostate.edu/topic-areas/nutrition-food-safety-health/preventing-e-coli-from-garden-to-plate-9-369/

USDA Announces More Than $8 Million to Address Shifting Environmental Conditions and Impact on Agriculture

USDA Announces More Than $8 Million to Address Shifting Environmental Conditions and Impact on Agriculture Media contact: Selina Meiners, 202-720-3359 WASHINGTON, D.C. July 19, 2017 – The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced nine grants totaling more than $8 million to study and develop new approaches for the agriculture sector to adapt to and mitigate the effects of changing environmental conditions. The funding is made possible through NIFA’s Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) program, authorized by the 2014 Farm Bill. “We have to develop robust plants, animals, and management systems that can flourish under challenging environmental conditions,” said NIFA Director Sonny Ramaswamy. “We expect the outcomes of these investments will support American farmers and producers, and ensure their profitability.” AFRI is America’s flagship competitive grants program for foundational and translational research, education, and extension projects in the food and agricultural sciences. The Agriculture and Natural Resources Science for Climate Variability and Change Challenge Area aims to provide risk management information and tools to enable land managers to stay viable and productive, and reduce the use of energy, nitrogen, water, and greenhouse gas emissions. FY16 grants being announced today, by state, include: Climate Outreach and Extension: • University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska, $250,000 • New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, $249,900 • Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, $250,000 • University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, $248,900 Climate and Land Use: • University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, $3,414,911 • University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, $3,414,911 • Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, $147,744 • George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, $35,300 • Evergreen State College, Olympia, Washington, $49,260 Project details can be found at the NIFA website. Among the grants, a New Mexico State University project aims to increase climate change literacy while supporting both adaptation and mitigation activities for different and diverse groups through a comprehensive program. A University of Florida project will identify and test climate adaptation and mitigation in fruit and vegetable supply chains using a holistic, systems approach based on crop, economic, and environmental modeling. Since 2009, more than $150 million in research and extension grants have been awarded through AFRI in support of efforts to adapt to and minimize the impacts of climate change. Previously funded projects include a Kansas State University study focused on developing grazing management strategies in the Southern Great Plains to adapt regional beef production to changing conditions, such as heat and drought, while reducing its environmental footprint. This work in the Southern Great Plains will contribute to resilience and sustained productivity in the beef industry. A Washington State University study is dedicated to improving the sustainability and integrity of water resources and ecosystems in the Columbia River Basin threatened by dwindling water supplies, growing demand from multiple uses, low oxygen, algae blooms, and reduced biodiversity. Understanding how the demands on water resources are impacted by climate variability will factor into sound public policy to improve water conservation and quality. NIFA invests in and advances agricultural research, education, and extension and promotes transformative discoveries that solve societal challenges. NIFA support for the best and brightest scientists and extension personnel has resulted in user-inspired, groundbreaking discoveries that combat childhood obesity, improve and sustain rural economic growth, address water availability issues, increase food production, find new sources of energy, mitigate climate variability and ensure food safety. To learn more about NIFA’s impact on agricultural science, visit www.nifa.usda.gov/impacts, sign up for email updates or follow us on Twitter @USDA_NIFA, #NIFAImpacts. ### USDA is an equal opportunity lender, provider, and employer.

Monday, July 17, 2017

LIVESTOCK WATER DURING BOIL WATER ADVISORY

LIVESTOCK WATER DURING BOIL WATER ADVISORY Artesia recently had a boil water advisory for city water. I received a few phone calls on what should I do with my livestock water? This is a good question obviously; it could be difficult to boil 15 to 25 gallons of water per head per day. First of turn off the water supply to the livestock tanks if possible. \ If you know your tank, size most small horse tanks are about 125 gallons it is a lot easier. For horses the University of Minnesota Extension Service, make the following recommendation. After the bleach treatment, let the water stand for at least an hour, before allowing the horse to drink. If the water is cold (less than 10°C or 50°F) increase the waiting period to two hours. If you are treating water that may be contaminated with chlorine-resistant parasites from animal droppings, double the amount of bleach and wait for 2 hours before allowing your horse to drink. Strict adherence to recommended levels of bleach and the subsequent waiting time need to be followed in order to avoid over application, which can lead to toxicity. Table 1. Amount of bleach needed to disinfect water Gals. of water to disinfect Amount of bleach needed* 1 2 drops 5 11 drops 50 1 3/4 tsp. 100 3 1/2 tsp. 500 6 Tbs. *Will produce water with about 2 parts per million of chlorine. To sanitize the water for ruminant livestock be commiserative. The microflora of the rumen are subject reduction or killing by chlorine according to Dr. Marcy Ward livestock Specialist New Mexico Cooperative Extension. If you have a large storage tank you may have to calculate the volume of the tank of water. Google will actually do that for you if you put in the detentions of the tank. The first step is to determine the amount of water to be treated. This can be done using the following formulas. For vertical cylinder tanks Water volume in gallons = D2×H x0.78×7.48 Where D = the diameter of the tank in feet H =standing height of the water in feet.0.78 = a constant of pi (π) 7.48 = gallons per cubic foot (Note: This formula is not accurate for cylinder tanks positioned horizontally). For square and rectangular tanks Water volume in gallons = L×W×H×7.48Where L = length of tank in feet W = width in feet H = standing height of water in feet 7.48 = gallons per cubic foot 1. (Extension Water Resource Specialist, Department of Extension Plant Sciences, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces). Example: The volume of water in a six-foot-diameter vertical cylinder tank where the water stands at eight feet is: 6×6×8×0.78×7.48 = 1,680.31 gallons For practical purposes, this can be rounded to the nearest hundred, in this example, 1,700 gallons. You will need this information for a couple of things. Divide the gallon by the number of gallons need per head per day and that will tell you how many days of water you have on hand. If the advisory is lifted before your storage is gone, you don’t have to worry about the second part. If the advisory continues and your storage is low, you will need to know how many gallon of water you need to treat. If your storage is low you will have refill the storage, turn off the water so you do not keep adding water and diluting the sanitized water with contaminated water You will have to let your storage deplete then calculate how much water is left. Calculate how much contaminated water you will be adding to your sanitized water. Refill and add treatment to the volume you added. This recommendation is not for human use! Please go to our web site and read the following publications. http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_m/M116/welcome.html ; http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_w/W-101.pdf for more information. Of course, there are some other alternatives, which are discussed in the above publication. If you have the capabilities, you can get water from outside the advisory area and transport it to your livestock. If you have livestock who have loose bowel movement or show, symptoms of distress contact your local Veterinarian as soon as possible. The Subscribe to Eddy County Ag news at: http://nmsueddyag.blogspot.com/ Eddy County Extension Service, New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and educator. All programs are available to everyone regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. New Mexico State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Eddy County Government Cooperating