Friday, September 22, 2017

This is a notification of this year’s NMDA pesticide disposal event!

This is a notification of this year’s NMDA pesticide disposal event. We will be holding collections at two locations this year: Crop Production Services in Vado on Oct. 10, and Helena Chemical in Albuquerque on Oct. 12. We will also have agricultural plastic recycling services available this year provided by USAg Recycling (eligibility details here: http://www.usagrecycling.com/preparation.html). I have attached an informational flyer that can be shared or posted as needed. NMDA commends all individuals who come together to make this program a success. The proper disposal of pesticides eliminates a potential threat to human health and the environment. Over the last decade we have collected over 400,000 pounds of pesticide products. We hope you continue to utilize the pesticide disposal program by participating this year. Contact me if you have any additional questions or if I can provide more information. Thank you, Jacob Kruse Senior Program Specialist New Mexico Department of Agriculture PO Box 30005, MSC 3AQ Las Cruces, NM 88003 575/646-7049 jkruse@nmda.nmsu.edu www.nmda.nmsu.edu

Farmers, Ranchers Need to Deliver Strong Tax Reform Message To Congress

Farmers, Ranchers Need to Deliver Strong Tax Reform Message To Congress AFBF Press Release Republican congressional leaders, just returning from their month-long August recess, are geared up to revamp and modernize the tax code, making it all the more urgent for farmers and ranchers to share their tax reform priorities with lawmakers…Among farmers’ and ranchers’ top priorities are comprehensive tax reform that helps all farm and ranch businesses; the reduction of combined income and self-employment tax rates to account for any deductions or credits lost; cost-recovery tools like allowing businesses to deduct expenses when incurred; and a continuation of cash accounting, Section 1031 “like-kind exchanges,” and the deduction for state and local taxes. More here

National Milk Oversupply Problem

National Milk Oversupply Problem Politco MorningAg.com About 180 members of the National Farmers Organization, mainly in New York, Vermont and Pennsylvania, are at risk of having no place to sell their milk on Dec. 1 unless they can find a buyer other than Dairy Farmers of America. The NFO members had their contracts terminated due to the overabundance of milk and decreased processing facilities in the region…Brad Rach, NFO's national dairy director, said his organization is doing everything it can to find a new home for the farmers' milk, but things are looking bleak. He added that the oversupply problem is impacting dairy farmers and cooperatives in every region of the country, not just the Northeast. He is hoping the U.S. dairy industry can come together to figure out how to manage the milk supply to prevent a repeat of the nationwide glut. Otherwise, "farmers going out of business will be our supply-management program," he said.

Artesia High School MESA looking for ideas!

I am the sponsor for the MESA club at Artesia High School. Each year we develop a project for our MESA Day competition. This year the project is to have something to do with water. MESA is currently big into using Arduino circuit boards and the programming of the boards. Since Arduino is involved, the students will need to use inputs and outputs to either detect, control, monitor, and/or send out an alarm. I was asking individuals at the high school for ideas and Lynn Worley suggested I contact you to see if you had any ideas as to what we could do for a competition project. I have already contacted some individuals from the dairy industry and Dr. Flynn with NMSU. I am waiting to hear from Dr. Flynn, but I have received a couple ideas from the dairy industry. My cell phone number is 575-749-3338. Thank you, Mark Stone If you have and idea contact on a project that would help Agriculture contact Mark or my self.

Senators Introduce Bill to Reform Antiquated Hardrock Mining Laws

NEWS FROM THE UNITED STATES SENATE FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: September 19, 2017 Senators Introduce Bill to Reform Antiquated Hardrock Mining Laws Hardrock Mining and Reclamation Act will ensure mining companies pay their fair share and prevent future disasters like Gold King Mine blowout WASHINGTON — Today, U.S. Senators Tom Udall (D-N.M.), Martin Heinrich (D-N.M.), Michael Bennet (D-Colo.), Ron Wyden (D-Ore.) and Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.) introduced the Hardrock Mining and Reclamation Act of 2017, legislation to modernize the nation’s antiquated hardrock mining laws. The bill requires companies to pay royalties for the first time for the ability to extract mineral resources like gold, silver, and copper from public lands, helps ensure that taxpayers aren’t on the hook for cleaning up abandoned mines, and seeks to prevent another toxic spill like the Gold King Mine disaster of 2015. The Gold King Mine blowout spilled 3 million gallons of toxic wastewater into the Animas and San Juan rivers, and communities in New Mexico and Colorado are still waiting for compensation for the damage to their businesses and farms. “It’s time to end the antiquated sweetheart deal that hardrock mining companies have enjoyed for nearly 150 years,” said Udall, who has fought for mining reform continuously since he was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1998. “Like oil, gas, and coal producers, mining companies need to pay their fair share, but because our mining laws date back to the Gold Rush era, it’s the taxpayers who are on the hook for cleaning up hundreds of thousands of abandoned mines that are poisoning our watersheds and threatening our communities. The Gold King Mine disaster – and the harm it has caused to Navajo Nation and New Mexico communities – show why we need to bring our laws into the 21st century. We no longer travel West by covered wagon and oxen, and our mining laws should no longer favor Manifest Destiny and the domination of the continent. This legislation will help communities across the West clean up these dangerous abandoned mines, and ensure that taxpayers are getting their fare share of the profit from resources mined on public lands.” “Toxins leaking out of thousands of abandoned hardrock mines threaten public health and damage our watersheds every day,” said Heinrich. “In the Southwest, water is our most precious resource and we cannot continue to do nothing while toxic metals are drained into our rivers and drinking water supplies. We cannot wait to take action until another Gold King Mine disaster strikes again. It is time that Congress overhaul our outdated and ineffective federal hardrock mining policy so taxpayers aren’t the ones on the hook when something goes wrong. We must come together and pass these pragmatic reforms to stop future disasters, and protect the health of our communities, our land, and our water.” "The Gold King spill continues to be a reminder of the threat that abandoned mines pose," said Bennet. "Hardrock mining is a part of our heritage in Colorado, but it is long past time to reform our antiquated mining laws. This bill would provide the resources necessary to help clean up the thousands of abandoned mines in Colorado, improve water quality, and prevent a future disaster for downstream communities." “Private companies that profit from mining on public lands ought to pay for using those lands and for cleaning up the messes they’ve created,” said Wyden. “This common-sense legislation would update a century-old law to make sure hardrock mining companies no longer get a free ride when it comes to cleaning up abandoned mines, which threaten public safety and the environment.” “Huge multinational mining companies can extract gold, silver and other valuable hardrock minerals right now that belong to American taxpayers without paying a dime under a mining law passed after the Civil War,” said Markey. "The mining law of 1872 isn’t just outdated, it’s outrageous. We need to ensure that these large mining companies pay their fair share to mine on public lands so that we have the revenue to protect public health and the environment by cleaning up the hundreds of thousands of dangerous, toxic abandoned mines in Western states.” An estimated half million abandoned hardrock mines like the Gold King are scattered across the West, many leaking toxic chemicals and threatening downstream communities. Yet taxpayers are on the hook to cover the $20 billion-$50 billion it would cost to clean up the mines. The lawmakers' bill offers a common-sense solution to take the burden off taxpayers. Current law dates back to 1872 and allows companies to take gold, silver, copper, uranium and other minerals from public land without paying any royalties. The lawmakers' bill would update the law and impose a common-sense royalty on hardrock mining companies — similar to that paid by oil and gas and coal companies for decades — to help pay for abandoned mine cleanup and prevent future disasters. The bill is also supported by U.S. Representative Ben Ray Luján (D-N.M.). Udall, Heinrich, Bennet, Wyden, Markey, and Luján championed similar House and Senate bills in 2015. “The Gold King Mine spill was a painful reminder of the legacy of hardrock mining in the West that has resulted in thousands of abandoned mines that contain toxic materials,” said Luján. “That’s why I am working with my colleagues in the House on similar legislation to update outdated laws that have left the American people to bear the brunt – and the cost -- of addressing the damage that has been done to our land and water. We must act to ensure that mining companies contribute to the much-needed effort to clean up abandoned mines.” The Hardrock Mining and Reclamation Act of 2017 would: - Require hardrock mining companies to pay an annual rental payment for claimed public land, similar to other public land users. - Set a royalty rate for new operations of 2 percent-5 percent based on the gross income of new production on federal land (would not apply to mining operations already in commercial production or those with an approved plan of operations). - Create a Hardrock Minerals Reclamation Fund for abandoned mine cleanup. The fund would be infused by an abandoned mine reclamation fee of 0.6 percent-2 percent. - Give the Secretary of the Interior the authority to grant royalty relief to mining operations based on economic factors. - Require an exploration permit and mining operations permit for noncasual mining operations on federal land, valid for 30 years and as long as commercial production occurs. - Permit states, political subdivisions, and Indian Tribes to petition the Secretary of the Interior to have lands withdrawn from mining. - Require an expedited review of areas that may be inappropriate for mining, and allow specific areas be reviewed for possible withdrawal. ### Contacts: Jennifer Talhelm (Udall) 202.228.6870 / Whitney Potter (Heinrich) 202.228.1578 / Samantha Slater (Bennet) 202.228.5905 / Sam Offerdahl (Wyden) 202.224.5039 / Giselle Barry (Markey) 202.224.2742 / Joe Shoemaker (Luján) 202.225.6190

ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF TRICHOMONIASIS Wenzel, J, Gifford, C., Hawkes, J1 Introduction

ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF TRICHOMONIASIS Wenzel, J, Gifford, C., Hawkes, J1 Introduction Trichomoniasis is a disease that can be economically devastating in a short period of time. Trichomoniasis is caused by the protozoa, Tritrichomonas foetus, and does not cause the animal to show clinical signs. Additionally, there is no treatment to cure infected animals making the disease difficult to control if proper preventative practices are not followed. A susceptible cow that is bred by an infected bull will become infected with the organism, and will generally abort, resume cyclicity, and then may settle thereby infecting all bulls that breed her while she is infected. Infected bulls will then transmit the disease to the cows he breeds and the disease spreads rapidly through the herd. Trichomoniasis is known to reduce herd fertility, and the economic impacts from reproductive losses can be substantial for the livestock enterprise with extensive implications for both production and economic sustainability. However, the full extent of economic damages associated with a Trichomoniasis outbreak in New Mexico livestock operations has not been evaluated. Therefore, a series of factors that are impactful to the economic profile of the livestock production unit were considered in a recent survey of known positive premises across New Mexico. Physiological factors that were found to be most economically impacted included: calf crop percentage, conception rate, cull rates, weaning weights and re-establishment of the herd. Impacts associated with Trichomoniasis are not a one-year recovery process, but rather a long-term situation that requires intensive management by the livestock producer to return to profitability. Cost and Return Estimate A representative livestock enterprise was employed in the modeling process using the New Mexico State University cost and return estimate generator. The representative ranch had 400 mother cows, 1:20 bull/cow ratio, 15% replacement rate, and a 91% weaned calf crop. The comparative analysis cost and return estimate for a Trichomoniasis infected herd had the same number of mother cows, 1:20 bull/cow ratio, 35% replacement rate and a 64% weaned calf crop. These values were determined through survey responses. Economic Implications of Trichomoniasis in New Mexico The percentage of weaned calves in the Trichomoniasis positive ranches across New Mexico fell by almost 37% after the disease was identified. Economic impacts associated with fewer calves are multifaceted for the production unit. First, the reality of selling fewer calves has a significant impact on the return for the enterprise. Second, due to the extreme environment in NM, most producers find it necessary to raise their own replacement heifers in order to match their animals to the environment. A reduction in weaned calves will constrain the producer decision making process as forward planning is evolving. Not only were fewer calves weaned, but market calves were lighter with the presence of Trichomoniasis thus further reducing gross returns. The result of lighter calves was representative of approximately $21 per cow. Overall, this research model indicated that economic impacts of Trichomoniasis were in excess of $300.00 per cow on the representative livestock enterprise. Conception rates were 90.55% for the disease free enterprise, and 64.5% for the enterprise exposed to Trichomoniasis. The physiological and economic impact is stated in weaned calves. When the disease is present, effects on conception are significant. Conception may be delayed by several cycles. It is estimated that every cycle that a cow does not breed reduces her calf’s weaning weight by as much as 50 pounds. In addition, many cows will not rebreed, and will have to be sold as open cows. Cows that were pregnant, at pregnancy check may abort at any point up to 240 days of gestation. Perhaps the most devastating is the loss in calf crop which can be 10- 50% the first year depending on the rate of transmission in the herd which is largely dependent on the number of infected bulls. Replacement of the aggregate breeding herd holds economic challenges that are both financial and genetic. Trichomoniasis has been shown to alter the genetic composition of the breeding herd. New Mexico producers must select for cows that can produce in an environment where forage is often limiting, and it can take decades to build a herd adapted to the challenging environment. Thus, purchasing replacement heifers is not common for the majority of New Mexico producers. Generations of family choices relative to the development of the mother cow herd have been devastated by this Trichomoniasis. This impact is very challenging to determine a specific economic value through the implementation of the representative cost and return estimate, but reduced calving percentages associated with Trichomoniasis makes it necessary to purchase replacement females. This additional cost is only partially offset with increased cull sales. Costs associated with the replacement of bulls was estimated to exceed $80,000 for the representative model. Testing The only known way to eliminate the disease, and to prevent infection is to test bulls; thus, Trichomoniasis testing is a positive investment for the livestock entity. The cost of a Trichomoniasis test was estimated to be $46.21 per bull as determined by the survey average. Relative to the potential economic loss associated with the disease should the enterprise become infected, this cost would appear to be a positive return on investment. In addition, annual testing will also facilitate positive working relationships with neighboring livestock enterprises. Collaborative efforts to increase Trichomoniasis testing in a region is an encouraged concept and is the most effective method to eliminate or minimize spread of the disease. Table 1. Economic Profile of Trichomoniasis in New Mexico Without Trich Per Cow With Trich Per Cow Number of Cows 400 400 Calf Crop Percentage 91% 64% Weaning Weight Heifers 495 486 Weaning Weight Steers 515 509 Trich Test/Bull $0.00 $0.00 $46.25 $0.12 Bull Cost $8,000.00 $20.00 $91,107.14 $227.77 Total Return $242,063.00 $605.16 $166,114.00 $415.29 Total Cost $165,037.00 $412.59 $249,822.00 $624.56 Return Above Total Costs $77,025.00 $192.56 -$83,708.00 -209.27 Change in Return -$401.83 Summary Table 1 provides a summary of the economic impact of Trichomoniasis. The introduction of this disease in a livestock enterprise will have economic impacts. These impacts will change both liquidity and solvency. The overall impact of the study determined that all factors when combined will have a total economic impact to the livestock enterprise of greater than $400 per cow. Annualized return on investment would exceed 129% in this scenario. A return with a level of significance as presented allows the livestock enterprise owner/management team to make an easy decision- initiate and sustain Trichomoniasis testing. 1 – All with New Mexico State University, Department of Extension Animal Sciences and Natural Resources Wenzel, J -Extension Veterinarian Gifford, C.- Extension Beef Specialist Hawkes, J. – Ag Economist and Department Head

roundtable in Santa Rosa

Please join NMSU Corona Range and Livestock Research Center and the Guadalupe County Cooperative Extension Service in Santa Rosa on Wednesday, October 18th starting at 8 a.m. for the next Let’s Talk! Breakfast in Town roundtable discussion, followed by Beef Quality Assurance (BQA) training or recertification. It will be held at the Blue Hole Convention Center. This is a free event to attend but please register at www.corona.nmsu.edu to allow us meal planning. Breakfast and lunch will be served. Attached is the event flyer with more details. We hope to see you there, Shad