Monday, October 23, 2017

Veterinary Feed Directive information.

Since January 2017, provisions related to Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) became an even more important part of feeding antimicrobial drugs. That’s when a number of over-the-counter drugs transitioned to VFD status. The VFD rule places the authority for determining when to use certain drugs – including antimicrobial drugs important for human health – under control of a veterinarian who has knowledge of the animals to be treated. As a County Agent I have been called on to advise animal producers about the VFD rule, it’s important to understand that VFD feeds are to be fed only during the time frame specified on the VFD order, i.e., before the VFD order expires. The expiration of a particular VFD order is set either specifically by regulation (e.g., for 90 days) or by default for up to 6 months. The expiration date of a VFD order is the date until which the animal producer can obtain and feed the VFD feed. Once that time period has expired, the animal producer must stop feeding the VFD feed or obtain a new VFD order. The veterinarian may shorten this time period for a particular VFD order, but cannot make it longer. In addition to the expiration date for the VFD order, another thing to keep in mind is the approved length of time, or duration, for feeding a VFD feed, which will be specified on the feed label. For example, the label can call for the VFD feed for continuous use, which means that feeding such feed is not limited in duration and could be fed to animals for long periods of time. In such case, the VFD feed could be fed for the entire period covered by an unexpired VFD order. In other cases, the label will call for the VFD feed to be used for feeding for a specific length of time (e.g., 5 days). In such case, the VFD feed could be fed to the same group of animals only one time, for a total of 5 days. There are other deadlines in the VFD requirements, too. But, whatever the situation, VFD feed must not be fed under an expired VFD order. The expiration date set in months should be calculated by the expiration month’s calendar date, not the number of days. For instance, a 6-month expiration date beginning on July 10 should end January 10 of the following year, or for a VFD issued on July 10 with a 3-month expiration date will end on October 10. Also, if the VFD order was written on August 31 for 6 months, it will expire on the last day in February (28 or 29, the last day of February), and not 2 or 3 days later in March. A question that might come up is what to do if a VFD order expires before the course of treatment is completed. Keep in mind that in no situation can you anyone can use a VFD feed beyond the expiration date on the VFD order. Instead, the client will need to contact the veterinarian to request a new VFD order, so treatment can be continued. Another requirement of the VFD rule is that a veterinarian must be working within the context of veterinarian-client-patient relationship (VCPR) before issuing a VFD. Working within that context means the veterinarian: • Must engage with the client to assume responsibility for making clinical judgments about the patients’ health • Has sufficient knowledge of the patients by virtue of the examination of the patients or visits to the facility where the patients are managed, and • Provides for any necessary follow up evaluation or care. In some cases, states will define a valid VCPR. In other cases, it will be the federal government. Here is information about state and federal VCPRs: https://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/ucm460406.htm. Regardless of whether a VFD was issued within the context of a valid state or federal VCPR, your producers must follow the requirements of the VFD. It’s also important that your producers keep a record of all VFDs. A veterinarian doesn’t send producers the original VFD order. Instead, the veterinarians must keep the original order, in its original format, regardless of whether it is a hardcopy or an electronic format. The veterinarian is required to produce two copies of the VFD order, one for the client and one for the distributor. The veterinarian keeps the original VFD and the client and producer keep their copies for 2 years. Veterinarians cannot call the producer or feed distributor on the phone with a VFD order. It cannot be a spoken order. It must be in writing. The written format can be hardcopy or an electronically transmitted copy. This requirement for a written VFD order is important because it documents the trail from the veterinarian to the distributor and to the animal producer or client. Another point to remember is that extralabel use of a VFD medicated feed or a combination VFD medicated feed is not permitted. Extralabel use means any use that’s not on the label. “For example,” a document published by FDA says, “feeding the animals VFD feed for a duration of time that is different from the duration specified on the label, feeding VFD feed formulated with a drug level that is different from what is specified on the label, or feeding VFD feed to an animal species different than what is specified on the label would all be considered extralabel uses.” A specific exception to this provision is for the use of VFD drugs in minor species such as sheep or bees. More information about this exception can be found at https://www.fda.gov/downloads/iceci/compliancemanuals/compliancepolicyguidancemanual/ucm529668.pdf. At any time, questions about VFD feed come up, please come to our www.FDA.gov/safefeed page and look for the VFD link. It will give you a significant amount of information about the VFD rule. Also, you can send questions to us at AskCVM@fda.hhs.gov. Center for Veterinary Medicine U.S. Food and Drug Administration

New or revised publicaion available on Locoweed Poisoning of Horses.

Guide B-713: Locoweed Poisoning of Horses Jason L. Turner (Professor/Extension Horse Specialist, Dept. of Extension Animal Sciences and Natural Resources) Kert Young (Extension Brush and Weed Specialist, Dept. of Extension Animal Sciences and Natural Resources) PDF: http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_b/B713.pdf

Analysts: Water Needs, Spend To Escalate Susan Klann Friday, June 23, 2017 - 7:00am

Analysts: Water Needs, Spend To Escalate Susan Klann Friday, June 23, 2017 - 7:00am Horizontal drilling and upsized completions have fast-forwarded the oil and gas industry’s demand for water. At the same time, the lower for longer oil price recovery has placed ever more pressure on operators to cut costs, including for water, according to a new report, “Water for U.S. Hydraulic Fracturing,” from Bluefield Research. The report forecasts that at a flat rig count of 650, 20.8 billion barrels (bbl) of water will be required for hydraulic fracturing from 2017 through 2026. Last year, fracturing consumed more than 1.3 billion bbl of water and produced 574 million bbl of water for disposal. Investors and industry players are positioning to play a role in this growing water market. With operators drilling faster, and employing longer laterals, completions now require as much as 12 million bbl of water per frack—triple the volumes of five years ago, the Bluefield authors said. They project that water management, including water supply, transport, storage, treatment and disposal, will total $136 billion from 2017 to 2026 for the U.S. hydraulic fracturing sector. High reuse rates in the Marcellus and scaling Permian activity—where water per frack ratios are the highest—drove treatment spending to about $198 million in 2016 with an annual spend of $307 million expected for 2017. “Demand is rising exponentially, particularly in West Texas,” the authors said, “because of increased water volume per frack and an almost 30% reduction in time required to complete a well.” With water transport, both supplied and produced, rising in importance, the industry craves more pipeline networks and transport services, and a new midstream water sector is developing in response. “Several firms—Antero Midstream, Noble Midstream, Rice Midstream, NGL Energy—are leveraging their holding companies’ E&P footprints,” the report said. “At the same time, a new crop of market entrants, often backed by private equity, are staking out positions in select basins to capitalize on demand for water services.” The water company rolls have been diminished by the downturn, but a “select few” are rising from the ashes, according to Bluefield’s report. “Select Energy Services has filed an IPO, Nuverra remains on the edge of Chapter 11, while Fountain Quail and GreenHunter Resources have merged.” Texas and Oklahoma led the U.S. completed horizontal well count from 2011 to 2017, making them the most active markets for hydraulic fracturing and water demand. Bluefield excluded DUCs (drilled but uncompleted wells) from its forecasts; at the end of March 2017, 5,512 DUCs remained, according to DOE estimates. In Texas, oil prices, financial stress and rain have “eased the regulatory pressures in some instances,” the report said, making cost of transport the top concern. Some producers are tapping alternative supplies to enhance sustainability. In Oklahoma, earthquake concerns due to salt water disposal practices are fueling recycling efforts. Annual water demand by basin is led by the Permian, with 45% overall, the Eagle Ford, 12%, the Marcellus, 12%, the Cana Woodford, 8%, and the Haynesville, with 8%. In basins with plentiful access to saltwater disposal wells, like those in Texas and Oklahoma, treatment and reuse remains below 10%. Pennsylvania and Ohio, which have limited disposal well options and more challenging topography, have seen transportation and disposal costs rise as high as $20/bbl, according to Bluefield. This has prompted E&Ps to buy injection well assets, and another “key area of investment” has been the networking of disposal wells with pipelines across shale plays. E&Ps are investing in projects connected to wastewater plants, water recycling facilities and pipeline transport. As this still nascent water management and services value chain evolves, Bluefield is tracking several trends in particular: private water utilities leveraging their local presence; pure-play water service providers focusing on transport logistics, treatment and disposal; companies providing centralized treatment in the Marcellus; and increasingly, midstream energy service providers moving into water markets, often by leveraging their related E&P divisions. In other instances, private equity firms are backing midstream entities focused on the water value chain, with some carving out niches in individual basins. With only 6% of produced water currently being treated and reused, Bluefield projects this share will rise to 16% by 2026. Recycling of flowback water should hit 90% by the same period. And the dollars needed to fund this effort will continue to seed opportunity for investors. Susan Klann Susan Klann has more than 30 years of publishing experience, with more than half of those spent in oil and gas publishing with Hart Energy, most recently as group managing editor of Oil and Gas Investor.

Permian Basin Produced Water May Hit 1B Barrels Per Day Experts say produced water from the Permian Basin may hit 1 billion barrels per day within the next decade. July 4, 2017, at 10:53 a.m.

HOBBS, N.M. (AP) — Experts say produced water from the Permian Basin may hit 1 billion barrels per day within the next decade. The Hobbs News-Sun reports (https://goo.gl/zJXnaA ) New Mexico EnergyPlex Conference panelist Nathan Zaugg told attendees last week that the billion barrels per day estimate could fill Elephant Butte Lake in around 21 days. Produced water also contains heavy metals including zinc, lead, manganese, iron and barium. Zaugg, industrial group leader for Carollo Engineers of Salt Lake City, said his company and a New Mexico company are working together to address the problem with urgency. Ken McQueen, secretary for the New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department, says companies now know the importance of recycling water, realizing brackish water as a source rather than using fresh water.

PECAN WEEVIL REGULATION DISCUSSION

PECAN WEEVIL REGULATION DISCUSSION New Mexico Department of Agriculture and Eddy, Chaves and Lea County Extension Service will be conducting a discussion with Pecan growers and related industry business owner on October 26: Roswell 9:30 am Farm Bureau building Eastern Fair grounds. Artesia CVE 1:30 pm community room 13th and Richey street Carlsbad Eddy County Extension Office 6:30 pm 1304 West Stevens The purpose of the meeting is to discuss the current situation with Pecan weevil in New Mexico and proposed emergency regulations to contain this pest. There is limited space so if you wish to pre-register or if you are in need of special assistance due to a disability please contact the Eddy County Extension Office 887-6595 at least 1 day before the class. This and all programs are available to everyone regardless of age, color, disability, gender, national origin, race, religion, or veteran status. New Mexico State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Eddy County Government Cooperating “to put knowledge to work”.

Friday, October 20, 2017

The livestock was/were found at: Kevil and Haston Road south of Carlsbad

The Following Found Livestock Notice Has Been Posted on the NMLB Website: NOTICE ID 2960 - 10/20/2017 The following described livestock was/were found by the NMLB without ownership being known: One sorrel mare with star, small snip and left front sock. The livestock was/were found at: Kevil and Haston Road south of Carlsbad - Carlsbad, NM 88220 Brand(s) described on livestock: No Brand Please Contact Inspector Kenneth Whetham at 575-840-5374 if you have information regarding ownership of the described livestock. NOTICE EXPIRATION DATE: 10/25/2017 Livestock are being held in Eddy County DOCUMENTS AND/OR IMAGES: Notice ID 2960 Pic 1.JPG Notice ID 2960 Pic 2.JPG Notice ID 2960 Pic 3.JPG If you did not sign up for this mailing list or would like to be taken off of the list Click Here and your email address will be removed from our list.

Senate Passes Udall-Heinrich Amendment Directing Congress to Provide Mandatory Full Funding for PILT

Senate Passes Udall-Heinrich Amendment Directing Congress to Provide Mandatory Full Funding for PILT PILT funding helps counties in NM and across the West provide important services like police, fire and roads WASHINGTON — Last night, the U.S. Senate approved an amendment by U.S. Senators Tom Udall and Martin Heinrich that directs Congress to fully and permanently fund the Payment in Lieu of Taxes (PILT) program, which helps local governments in New Mexico and across the West pay for critical services like schools, police, and roads. The amendment to the Republicans’ Fiscal Year 2018 budget resolution passed 58 to 41 and was the only amendment offered by a Democrat to pass on a roll-call vote. New Mexico is the third-highest recipient of PILT payments in the country, but PILT provides critical resources to nearly 1,900 counties across 49 states and supports thousands of jobs across America, particularly in the rural West. Despite the need to provide predictable funding for counties, Congress currently does not fund PILT on an automatic, permanent basis. Instead, Congress makes discretionary annual appropriations, creating uncertainty each year as communities wait to learn whether they will receive the funding that they rely on. Udall, the lead Democrat on the Appropriations subcommittee that oversees funding for the Department of the Interior, and Heinrich secured 2017 PILT funding for New Mexico counties in the omnibus appropriations bill that passed the Senate in May. In June, Udall and Heinrich announced that N.M. counties received $38.5 million in funding through the program. More information about PILT, including the formula that is used to determine how much each county will receive, is available here: https://www.doi.gov/pilt “Rural communities across New Mexico shouldn’t have to wonder whether they will get the PILT funding they are owed – and that they rely on – to pay for basic services like public safety, schools, and roads. Last night, at a time when the Trump administration has proposed cutting funding for PILT, senators from both sides of the aisle showed that they understand the need for full and permanent funding for this essential program,” Udall said. “Last night’s vote was an important step forward that lays the groundwork for future congressional action to fully fund PILT in 2018 and beyond. As the ranking member on the Senate Appropriations subcommittee that oversees the Interior Department’s budget, I will keep working to build on this important step and to provide the full resources that the PILT program needs to keep benefiting New Mexicans.” “Long-term, predictable funding is tremendously important to rural counties across New Mexico,” said Heinrich. “Rural communities use PILT funds to provide for emergency response, maintain roads and bridges, and support local jobs. I am proud that we were successful in securing bipartisan support for permanently and fully funding PILT and will continue to fight to ensure counties have the economic security they need to succeed.” Congressional budget resolutions are non-binding statements of budget priorities intended to lay the groundwork for future legislation and appropriations bills. In 2008, legislation was passed to authorize full, mandatory funding for the PILT program to ensure that this vital funding was not subject to annual discretionary decisions in appropriations legislation. However, that legislation has since expired and PILT is now funded on a year-by-year basis. Senators Udall and Heinrich have supported stand-alone legislation to permanently set full, mandatory payments for PILT, a position supported by the National Association of Counties (NACo). ###

Lawsuit: Bighorn Sheep Threatened by Domestic Sheep Grazing

WOODS NOTE: I operated the Medical Veterinary Entomology Lab at NMSU 1979-1985. Desert bighorn sheep contacted scabies at white sands missile range and eventual killed off that population. They, US Fish and Wildlife, NM Game and Fish want to blame domestic livestock. Even though there was very limited access to the range by livestock and even more limited interaction between domestic livestock and wild desert bighorn sheep. I had at the lab desert bighorn sheep and other wildlife and we did cross transmission studies, Dr. Kinzer was the Principal Investigator, I was the technician. We did this for a number of years, physical moving mite from one species to another, in such a manner the mite had absolute advantage. We could not accomplish it there was no transmission. Think how absurd this is. Domestic livestock are vaccinated, and well cared for. Sick animals are isolated and treated. I do believe that it is more likely that wildlife will expose domestic livestock to disease, and because of best management practices, what I grew up as animal husbandry, the disease is contained or mitigated. I think that domestic livestock may help reduce impact of disease on wildlife. Where there is livestock insect vectors are control to reduce transmission of diseases. Eliaophera in Elk, cause Elk to go blind, in the Gila wilderness in the early 70's cause as much a 2/3 of all elk death. This disease is a parasitic disease with a complicated life cycle which required transmission by green headed horse fly. By controlling the fly population, treating livestock with insecticide, this disease has been significantly reduced. Lawsuit: Bighorn Sheep Threatened by Domestic Sheep Grazing The New York Times The Associated Press The U.S. Forest Service is illegally jeopardizing a small herd of bighorn sheep with deadly diseases by allowing thousands of domestic sheep to graze in eastern Idaho as part of agricultural research activities, environmental groups have said in a lawsuit. Western Watersheds Project and WildEarth Guardians in the lawsuit filed Tuesday contend the grazing of sheep owned by the University of Idaho via permits issued to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Sheep Experiment Station risks transmitting diseases to bighorn sheep. "It's unjustifiable for the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the University of Idaho to expose wild bighorn to deadly pathogens for the sake of a few months of free forage on the national forest," Scott Lake, Idaho director for Western Watersheds Project, said in a statement. "The value of native wildlife far exceeds whatever the state and federal government will get out of taking this chance." The lawsuit challenges the Forest Service's authorization of the grazing allotments in the Caribou-Targhee National Forest, an area also used by a herd of about 36 South Beaverhead Rocky Mountain bighorns. Environmentalists say disease has prevented the herd from growing and that allowing the domesticated sheep to graze there increases health risks for bighorns because they could be sickened through contact with the domesticated sheep. The groups contend the federal agency is violating environmental laws by allowing the grazing this fall and winter before completing an environmental analysis. The groups in the lawsuit noted that courts have previously recognized the high risk of disease transmission from domestic to wild sheep. The groups are asking the court to prevent any sheep from being released into the area until after the environmental analysis is finished. Currently, domestic sheep can start grazing on Nov. 6.

Wednesday, October 18, 2017

Eddy County Catlle Growers host Meeting on privite lands and trespass during hunting season.

There will be a meeting October 25th at 6:30pm at the Eddy County Sheriff's office with the ECSO and New Mexico Game and Fish about landowner rights and criminal trespass by hunters and what our legal recourse is, what we can and cannot do, and how to deal legally with the issue. Please plan to attens. Tell your neighbors. Better yet, just bring them with you!

Tuesday, October 17, 2017

We have a lot of Natural gas piplines in Eddy County

Woods note: We have a lot of Natural Gas pipelines in Eddy County, I have been called out to issues in Agriculture field, Cotton, Alfalfa, Pecans as well as homeowners. So while this articles was written for hurricane recovery areas it good information for here too! As hurricane clean up is well underway, there is a chance the utilities buried below may be damaged. As we mentioned last month, removing trees and stumps is a major threat to buried utilities. Erosion can also impact utility depth and position, but identifying the warning signs and following proper emergency response procedures can help protect farmers and ranchers in the event of a leak or damage. Recognizing a Pipeline Leak Identifying potential leaks is an important message to remind your clients about, especially as hurricane cleanup and harvesting is underway. When a pipeline is hit, there are key sights, smells and sounds that all farmers and ranchers should be aware of. Seeing • Oily sheen on water surfaces • Dirt or liquid blowing into the air • Vapor stream or mist-like cloud over pipeline • Unexpected frost or ice on ground or exposed pipeline facility • Water continuously bubbling in wet or flooded areas • Dead or dying vegetation in an otherwise green area • Dry area in a wet field • Flames from the ground or burning aboveground • Liquid on ground Smelling • Gasoline or diesel fuel smell • Rotten eggs scent • Sharp acidic smell • Strong sulfur scent • Unusually strong "skunk" odor Hearing • Unusual hissing sound • Loud blowing or roaring noise What if I Hit a Pipeline? If you hit a pipeline or suspect you hit a pipeline while digging, immediately take the following steps: • Leave the area immediately on foot in an upwind and uphill direction whenever possible • Extinguish any possible sources of ignition, turn off equipment, put out cigarettes • Warn others to evacuate the area • Call 911 from a safe distance • Call the EMERGENCY phone number for the pipeline operator which can be located on pipeline markers along the ROW What NOT to do: • Do not touch any liquid or vapor cloud that might have come from a pipeline leak • Do not start your vehicle or any equipment that could be a potential ignition source • Do not turn on or off anything that may create a spark, including cell phones, pagers, flashlights, keyless entry remotes, vehicle alarms, and light switches • Do not smoke or light a match • Do not attempt to alter the flow of product by turning pipeline valves; this could make the situation worse Click here to view the article in the PASA Farm & Ranch Excavation Safety Guide. Working Together Last month we shared some of the great initiatives agents are taking part in across the country. Here are more ways they are spreading the safe digging word: Shawn Banks, County Extension Director and Horticulture Agent at North Carolina State University, shared an 811 pirate safety video to get people excited for the upcoming Beaufort Pirate Invasion event in Beaufort, NC. Karen Cox, Ohio County Agent - Agriculture and Natural Resources at WVU Extension Service, helped protect a 10" water line on Monday, August 28 when a local group was installing fence posts for a garden. After a call to 811 was made and the utilities were located, Karen got a call from the water company thanking her, as the fence posts were in the area of a 10" water line. This is a snapshot of some of the great efforts by ag agents across the country. We encourage you to send us the initiatives you take part in. Each time you share a message using PASA resources, you will receive a gourmet coffee shop gift card and will be entered into a drawing for an iPad that will be given away at the 2018 NACAA Conference. If you're looking for something to share during your next meeting or on your social media page, the "811 for the Ag Community" video is a great resource, containing testimonials from farmers who have experienced a pipeline damage, to covering the 811 process and common myths associated with digging. As always, thank you for your continued support and if there is anything we can do to assist in your educational efforts, please let us know. Chris Thome Program Director Pipeline Ag Safety Alliance P: 952-428-7968 C: 612-386-8858 Whitney Price Program Coordinator whitney@emailir.com Pipeline Ag Safety Alliance P: 952-428-7990 Resources Pipeline Ag Safety Alliance Call Before You Dig Info Find Pipelines in Your County Let Us Know! Click here to send us a link to any media posts you have made using PASA resources and we will send you a gourmet coffee shop gift card! Click here to request 25 FREE copies of PASA's Farm & Ranch Excavation Safety Guide. Click the image to view the digital Guide.

USDA Invests in Research on Next Generation of Agricultural Technology

USDA Invests in Research on Next Generation of Agricultural Technology Media Contact: Selina Meiners, (202)734-9376 WASHINGTON, D.C., October 17, 2017 – The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced 17 grants for research on the next generation of agricultural technologies and systems to meet the growing demand for food, fuel, and fiber. The grants are funded through NIFA’s Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI), authorized by the 2014 Farm Bill. “Technology is front and center in agricultural production,” said NIFA Director Sonny Ramaswamy. “NIFA is investing in research on precision and smart technologies to maximize production efficiencies, including water and fertilizer use, and to produce nutritious food, new biofuels, and bioproducts.” AFRI is America’s flagship competitive grants program for foundational and translational research, education, and extension projects in the food and agricultural sciences. AFRI’s Agriculture Systems and Technology grants support the design and engineering of agricultural production systems and research on the burgeoning field of biomass, biofuels, feedstock, bioenergy, and bio-based products. These projects are expected to spur innovation in rural America and contribute to rural prosperity. Included among the grants announced today is a University of California Riverside project that uses electronics and chemistry to recover high-quality water, nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus), and energy from agricultural wastewater. Also, researchers at the University of Nebraska are developing an efficient irrigation system that combines imaging sensors on unmanned aerial vehicles, predictions of crop water use, and water sensors in soil. Fiscal Year 2016 grants totaling $7.3 million included: Agricultural Engineering • University of Kentucky Research Foundation, Lexington, Kentucky, $500,000 • University of Kentucky Research Foundation, Lexington, Kentucky, $498,726 • Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, Mississippi, $149,983 • North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, $499,998 • University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska, $499,978 • University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska, $499,916 • University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska, $499,896 • Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey, $50,000 • Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, $312,238 Bioprocessing and Bioengineering • Auburn University, Auburn University, Alabama, $481,539 • University of California, Riverside, California, $480,843 • University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, $472,965 • Iowa State University of Science and Technology, Ames, Iowa, $482,905 • Sustainable Bioproducts LLC, Bozeman, Montana, $482,829 • The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, $482,448 • University of North Texas, Denton, Texas, $482,905 • University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, $482,752 Project details can be found at the NIFA website. Previously funded projects include an Oregon State University project to develop wireless sensors to study flight behavior of native pollinators associated with agricultural crops. This project will shed light on bumble bees’ flight patterns to help efforts to sustain their populations. Researchers at Iowa State University are developing a low-cost electronic sensor to monitor, in real-time, excess nitrate levels in surface water that are a major environmental and health concern. This technology may help landowners and governments in their conservation efforts by circumventing the need to collect water samples for lab analysis. NIFA invests in and advances agricultural research, education, and extension and promotes transformative discoveries that solve societal challenges. NIFA support for the best and brightest scientists and extension personnel has resulted in user-inspired, groundbreaking discoveries that combat childhood obesity, improve and sustain rural economic growth, address water availability issues, increase food production, find new sources of energy, mitigate climate variability and ensure food safety. To learn more about NIFA’s impact on agricultural science, visit www.nifa.usda.gov/impacts, sign up for email updates or follow us on Twitter @USDA_NIFA, #NIFAImpacts. USDA is an equal opportunity lender, provider and employer. ###

Monday, October 16, 2017

APHIS Adds South Carolina to the Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis) Regulated Area

Subject: APHIS Adds South Carolina to the Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis) Regulated Area To: State and Territory Agricultural Regulatory Officials Effective immediately, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is adding all of South Carolina to the list of regulated areas for the emerald ash borer (EAB). APHIS is taking this action in response to the detection of EAB in Greenville, Oconee, and Spartanburg Counties and because the state has decided to establish a full state quarantine. To prevent the spread of EAB to other states, the attached Federal Order outlines specific conditions for the interstate movement of EAB-regulated articles from South Carolina. Specifically, the interstate movement of EAB-host wood and wood products from South Carolina is regulated, including firewood of all hardwood species, nursery stock, green lumber, waste, compost, and chips of ash species. EAB is an invasive wood-boring beetle that is native to China and other areas of East Asia. The beetle is present in some portions of the United States, and because of its continuing spread, APHIS has established regulated areas that are designated in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 7 CFR 301.53-3 and the Federal Orders located at: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/planthealth/eab_quarantine APHIS works with state cooperators and foresters to prevent the human assisted movement of EAB, develop biological and other controls for EAB, and raise public awareness about this pest and the potential threats associated with the long-distance movement of firewood. For more information about the EAB program and federal EAB regulations, please contact EAB National Policy Manager Robyn Rose at 301-851-2283. Osama El-Lissy Deputy Administrator Plant Protection and Quarantine FEDERAL ORDER Domestic Quarantine of South Carolina for Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis) DA-2017-32 October 13, 2017 This Federal Order expands the list of regulated areas for emerald ash borer (EAB) to include all of South Carolina. This Federal Order is issued in accordance with the regulatory authority provided by the Plant Protection Act of June 20, 2000, as amended, Section 412(a), 7 U.S.C. 7712(a). The Act authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to prohibit or restrict the movement in interstate commerce of any plant, plant part, or article, if the Secretary determines the prohibition or restriction is necessary to prevent the dissemination of a plant pest within the United States. This Federal Order is also issued pursuant to the regulations promulgated under the Plant Protection Act found at 7 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 301.53. Effective immediately, this Federal Order quarantines all of South Carolina for EAB. This action responds to the detection of EAB in Greenville, Oconee, and Spartanburg Counties. Thus, the Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) finds it necessary to regulate this State to prevent the spread of EAB. Effective immediately, all interstate movement of EAB regulated articles from South Carolina must be done in accordance with any applicable provisions of this Federal Order and the regulations promulgated pursuant to the Plant Protection Act found at 7 CFR 301.53 et seq and the Federal Orders located at: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/planthealth/eab_quarantine Section 7 CFR 301.53-3 (b) provides for the temporary designation of new quarantined areas pending publication of a rule to add counties to the list shown in 7 CFR 301.53-3(c). Section 7 CFR 301.53-3 (b) further requires written notification to the owner or person who possesses a newly quarantined area. This is the responsibility of the federal and/or state regulatory personnel who are responsible for the EAB program in the affected state. Previous Federal Orders pertaining to the expansion of quarantined areas in the EAB domestic regulations have been necessary due to the continuing spread of EAB. This Federal Order further expands the quarantined areas as described in the previous EAB Federal Orders. If you wish for more details on the federal EAB regulatory program, you may call EAB National Policy Manager Robyn Rose at 301-851-2283. For information on the regulatory requirements to move articles out of quarantined areas in South Carolina, please call APHIS State Plant Health Director Carl Lightfoot at 843-480-4334. We appreciate the cooperative relationship with South Carolina in our effort to prevent the spread of EAB.

Friday, October 13, 2017

New Extension Publications now available.

The following new CES publication is now available online in PDF format. Circular 686: Grazing and Biodiversity Christopher D. Allison (Rangeland Scientist, Linebery Policy Center for Natural Resource Management) Louis C. Bender (Senior Research Scientist, Dept. of Extension Animal Sciences and Natural Resources) http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_circulars/CR686.pdf

Thursday, October 12, 2017

Regents to hold listening sessions across the state in preparation for chancellor search

WOODS Note:If you think Agriculture is important, Agriculture Science Stations and County Extension you need to show up and voice that! NMSU Regents to hold listening sessions across the state in preparation for chancellor search DATE: 10/12/2017 WRITER: Justin Bannister, 575-646-5981, jbannist@nmsu.edu The New Mexico State University Board of Regents will conduct a series listening sessions in communities across New Mexico to seek input from university employees, alumni, supporters, community members and other stakeholders regarding the search for the university’s next chancellor. “New Mexico State University has an enormous impact on communities around our state,” said NMSU Regent Mike Cheney, who is chairing the chancellor search process. “We want to hear from all stakeholders as we move forward with this process. This input will be valuable as the Board of Regents moves forward in selecting a chancellor who has a great vision for NMSU and can lead our land-grant university through the next decade of success.” Public listening sessions include: • Carlsbad – 4 p.m. Monday, Oct. 16 at NMSU’s Carlsbad campus, Room 153, • Alamogordo – 6 p.m. Tuesday, Oct. 17 at NMSU Alamogordo’s Townsend Library, • Las Cruces – 4 p.m. Friday, Oct. 20 at Dona Ana Community College’s East Mesa Campus Auditorium, • Grants – Thursday, Nov. 2 at NMSU’s Grants campus, time and room to be determined, • Albuquerque – 9 a.m. Tuesday, Nov. 7 at the CNM Workforce Training Center, Room 103. An additional listening session for NMSU faculty and staff is set for 3:30 p.m. Tuesday, Nov. 7 at the university’s Las Cruces campus, at Domenici Hall, in the Yates Auditorium. Various members of the NMSU Board of Regents, potentially constituting a quorum, will be in attendance at each listening session. No votes or official actions will take place at any of these events. Please contact the Office of the Board of Regents at 575-646-5997 if you need additional information. If you are an individual with a disability who is in need of a reader, amplifier, qualified sign language interpreter, or any other form of auxiliary aid or service to attend or participate in the hearing or meeting, please contact the Board of Regents Office at 575-646-5997 at least three days prior to the meeting, or as soon as possible. - 30 -

Water Research Stake Holders meeting

Wednesday, October 11, 2017

Public meetings will address trespassing on private land NMGF

New Mexico Department of Game and Fish Public contact, Information Center: (888) 248-6866 Media contact: Dan Williams: (505) 476-8004 dan.williams@state.nm.us FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE, OCT. 11, 2017: Public meetings will address trespassing on private land ALAMOGORDO – Representatives of the Department of Game and Fish and the 12th Judicial District Attorney’s Office serving Otero and Lincoln counties will conduct public meetings Oct. 16-17 to address trespassing on private lands and the obligations of landowners, hunters and anglers. District Attorney John Sugg and department conservation officers will discuss various issues regarding trespass laws, including sign posting requirements, written permission to use private lands for hunting and fishing, and possible penalties for violations. Meeting times and sites: Oct. 16 • Corona: 9 to 11 a.m., Corona Senior Center, 451 Main St. • Capitan: 1 to 3 p.m., Capitan Senior Center, 115 Tiger Drive. • Hondo: 4:30 to 6:30 p.m., Hondo High School, 111 Don Pablo Lane. Oct. 17 • Alamogordo: 9 to 11 a.m., Otero County Sheriff’s Office, 3208 N. White Sands Blvd. • Mayhill: 1 to 3 p.m., Mayhill Fire Department, 11 Civic Center Drive. • Pinon: 4:30 to 6 p.m., Pinon Community Club, 2337 N.M. 24. For more information about the meetings, please contact Sgt. Jason Kline, (575) 973-0233. ###

Federal legislation proposed to crack down on fake organics

Federal legislation proposed to crack down on fake organics FoodDive.com By Cathy Siegner A bill introduced in Congress would toughen inspections of imported organic produce to ensure the food items are genuine. Reps. John Faso, a New York Republican, and Michelle Lujan Grisham, a Democrat from New Mexico, are pushing for the Organic Farmer and Consumer Protection Act to provide more money for enforcement and compliance to USDA's National Organic Program…Among other provisions, the bill would require currently uncertified importers, brokers, ports and online auctions to become organic-certified or lose their organic labeling. This would close a loophole in current law that permits organic agricultural products fumigated for pests at U.S. ports to still be admitted and sold as organic. More: http://www.fooddive.com/news/federal-legislation-proposed-to-crack-down-on-fake-organics/506398/

Monday, October 9, 2017

The following CES publications have been revised and are now available online in PDF and HTML formats.

The following CES publications have been revised and are now available online in PDF and HTML formats. H-327: Pruning the Home Orchard Revised by Shengrui Yao (Extension Fruit Specialist, Dept. of Extension Plant Sciences) PDF: http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_h/H327.pdf HTML: http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_h/H327/welcome.html Z-501: Economic Importance of the Pecan Industry Revised by Don Blayney (Gerald Thomas Chair, Dept. of Ag. Econ. and Ag. Business) Paul Gutierrez (Extension Specialist, Dept. of Ag. Econ. and Ag. Business) PDF: http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_z/Z501.pdf HTML: http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_z/Z501/welcome.html Circular 597: Chemical Weed and Brush Control for New Mexico Rangelands Revised by Kert Young (Extension Brush and Weed Specialist, Dept. of Extension Animal Sciences and Natural Resources) http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_circulars/CR597.pdf Guide A-325: Managing Weeds in Alfalfa Leslie Beck (Extension Weed Specialist, Dept. of Extension Plant Sciences) Mark Marsalis (Extension Forage Specialist, Dept. of Extension Plant Sciences/Ag Science Center at Los Lunas) Leonard Lauriault (Forage Crop Management Scientist, Dept. of Plant and Environmental Sciences/Ag Science Center at Tucumcari) http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_a/A325.pdf Guide B-804: Control Cholla Cactus Revised by Kert Young (Extension Brush and Weed Specialist, Dept. of Extension Animal Sciences and Natural Resources) http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_b/B804.pdf Guide A-152: Reducing Tillage in Arid and Semi-arid Cropping Systems: An Overview John Idowu (Extension Agronomist, Dept. of Extension Plant Sciences) Sangu Angadi (Assoc. Professor, Dept. of Plant and Environmental Sciences) Murali Darapuneni (Asst. Professor, Agricultural Science Center at Tucumcari) Rajan Ghimire (Asst. Professor, Agricultural Science Center at Clovis) http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_a/A152.pdf Guide M-114: Nitrate in Drinking Water Revised by Rossana Sallenave (Extension Aquatic Ecology Specialist, Dept. of Ext. Animal Sciences & Natural Resources) http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_m/M114.pdf Guide H-171: Iron Chlorosis Natalie P. Goldberg (Extension Plant Pathologist/Distinguished Achievement Prof., Dept. of Extension Plant Sciences) Jason M. French (Plant Diagnostic Clinician, Dept. of Extension Plant Sciences) http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_h/H171.pdf Guide H-707: Landscape Water Conservation: Principles of Xeriscape Revised by Bernd Leinauer (Extension Turfgrass Specialist, Dept. of Extension Plant Sciences) http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_h/H707.pdf

PESTICIDE TRAINING PROGRAM OFFERED

PESTICIDE TRAINING PROGRAM OFFERED Eddy County Extension Service will be conducting pesticide applicator training on October 19 from 8:30 am to 4:00 pm. Cost is $10 per person. This class is good for 5 CEU’s. Private applicator testing will not be available if you need to test call and arranged with NMDA 575-646-3007. The information presented may help you prepare for the exams however. These will be in Carlsbad at the Eddy County Extension Office. Dr. Sam Samallidge Extension Wildlife Specialist will be presenting information on gopher control, rodent control, keeping pack rats out of trucks, rattle snakes and more. There is limited space so if you wish to pre-register or if you are in need of special assistance due to a disability please contact the Eddy County Extension Office 887-6595 at least 7 days before the class. This and all programs are available to everyone regardless of age, color, disability, gender, national origin, race, religion, or veteran status. New Mexico State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Eddy County Government Cooperating “to put knowledge to work”.

Optimizing Water Use to Sustain Food Systems

Optimizing Water Use to Sustain Food Systems Ogallala Water Coordinated Agriculture Project Website The challenges faced by Ogallala aquifer region producers are not confined by state lines. Neither are the solutions. Water. Whether it falls from the sky or is pumped from the Ogallala aquifer, is of central importance to the High Plains economy and way of life. Groundwater pumped from the Ogallala aquifer (the principal formation of the High Plains aquifer system) has transformed the region from a Dustbowl to an agricultural powerhouse. More than 30% of U.S. crops and livestock are produced in this region, significantly impacting domestic and international food supplies…The Ogallala Water Coordinated Agriculture Project, a multi-disciplinary collaborative effort funded by USDA-NIFA, is focused on developing and sharing practical, science-supported information relevant to best management practices for optimizing water use across the Ogallala region. More: http://ogallalawater.org/

Meeting informs public about water application

Meeting informs public about water application El Defensor Chieftain By John Larson ...One question caught the co-facilitators off guard. “If this application from a multi-national company is approved, could [they] sell it to another multi-national company, say from Russia?” Besides questions, Myers read comments from the cards submitted. “This water appropriation should not happen...ranchers have senior water rights,” Socorro County rancher Randell Major commented. “This mining application has been unable to prove their pumping will not harm existing water rights. This has been going on for ten years and should be put to an end now.” More at; http://www.dchieftain.com/news/meeting-informs-public-about-water-application/article_12e769be-a946-11e7-9b0d-77c54c89c6b6.html

Public meetings will address proposed changes in pronghorn rule

Public meetings will address proposed changes in pronghorn rule New Mexico Department of Game and Fish Press Release The Department of Game and Fish is seeking public comment on proposed revisions to the pronghorn rule. The Department is proposing changes to how pronghorn are hunted in New Mexico, structuring pronghorn hunts similarly to how deer are hunted in the state. This will provide increased opportunity for public and private-land hunters…Additionally, the department has heard various concerns regarding the current Antelope Private Land Use System (A-PLUS). To gather public comments, four public meetings will be conducted: • Albuquerque: 6 to 7:30 p.m. Oct. 12 at the Department of Game and Fish office, 3841 Midway Place, NE. • Las Vegas: 6 to 7:30 p.m. Oct. 26 at the New Mexico State Police Office, 520 South Commerce. • Roswell: 6 to 7:30 p.m. Nov. 9 at the Department of Game and Fish office, 1912 W. Second St. • Las Cruces: 6 to 7:30 p.m. Nov. 16 at the Department of Game and Fish office, 2715 Northrise Drive. The proposal can be viewed http://www.wildlife.state.nm.us/

Friday, October 6, 2017

Happy National 4-H Week

Happy National 4-H Week Friday, October 6, 2017 Happy National 4-H Week Opportunity to Share Your Thoughts on Positive Youth Development and other NIFA Supported Programs USDA’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture Needs Stakeholder Input on Food, Agriculture Priorities The National Institute of Food and Agriculture is accepting input from stakeholders regarding research, extension, and education priorities in food and agriculture. A series of four in-person listening sessions hosted in different regions across the country and submission of written comments will offer two ways to share your thoughts and ideas. Stakeholder input received from both methods will be treated equally. NIFA Listens: Investing in Science to Transform Lives” focuses on answering to two questions from stakeholders: • What is your top priority in food and agricultural research, extension, or education that NIFA should address? • What are the most promising science opportunities for advancement of food and agricultural sciences? NIFA wants to hear from you about priorities and opportunities in agricultural sciences. This will help NIFA prioritize science emphasis areas, identify gaps in programming, and determine which programs are redundant or underperforming. To contribute your ideas online and to register for in-person listening sessions, fill out our input form. You have the option to give a five minute oral presentation and submit written content; however, it is not required to do both. • Individuals wishing to attend in-person listening sessions must complete the RSVP in the input form no later than Thursday, October 12, 2017. If you are making a five minute oral presentation, you must submit a short 250 word abstract describing your topic. • Submissions of written comments will be accepted through Friday, December 1, 2017. The input form is one opportunity to share written comments. Please take time to consider and clearly form your answers to the questions above before filling out the form. You will be allowed 600 words for each question. You may also submit written comments via NIFAlistens@nifa.usda.gov. Four regional in-person listening sessions will be held: • Thursday, Oct. 19, Kansas City, Missouri • Thursday, Oct. 26, Atlanta, Georgia • Thursday, Nov. 2, Sacramento, California • Wednesday, Nov. 8, Hyattsville, Maryland Each session is scheduled to begin at 8:30 a.m. and end no later than 5 p.m. The sessions will be webcast live, transcribed, and made available for playback. All submissions, regardless of the mode, are processed in the same manner. Additional details, including livestream information, will be added as they become available. To stay informed on “NIFA Listens: Investing in Science to Transform Lives,” sign up for the NIFA Update, a weekly compendium of news and information that may be of interest to land-grant and non-land-grant universities, NIFA stakeholders, and other subscribers.

Are you interested in New Mexico’s Water Future?

Are you interested in New Mexico’s Water Future? Save the dates of December 13th-14th for an important town hall on the 2018 State Water Plan. As many of you know, the state water plan sets the policy agenda for water use in New Mexico. This upcoming town hall deliberation provides the primary opportunity for the public to develop policy priorities for the plan. The town hall will take place in Albuquerque. Registration will open by November 2017.

Thursday, September 28, 2017

PESTICIDE TRAINING PROGRAM OFFERED

PESTICIDE TRAINING PROGRAM OFFERED Eddy County Extension Service will be conducting pesticide applicator training on October 19 from 8:30 am to 4:00 pm. Cost is $10 per person. This class is good for 5 CEU’s. Private applicator testing will not be available if you need to test call and arranged with NMDA 575-646-3007. The information presented may help you prepare for the exams however. These will be in Carlsbad at the Eddy County Extension Office. Dr. Sam Samallidge Extension Wildlife Specialist will be presenting information on gopher control, rodent control, keeping pack rats out of trucks, rattle snakes and more. There is limited space so if you wish to pre-register or if you are in need of special assistance due to a disability please contact the Eddy County Extension Office 887-6595 at least 7 days before the class. This and all programs are available to everyone regardless of age, color, disability, gender, national origin, race, religion, or veteran status. New Mexico State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Eddy County Government Cooperating “to put knowledge to work”.

NMSU rodeo team rides away with five event wins in Douglas, Arizona

NMSU rodeo team rides away with five event wins in Douglas, Arizona DATE: 09/28/2017 WRITER: Savannah Montero, 575-646-1614, smontero@nmsu.edu CONTACT: Logan Corbett , 270-293-9242, lcorbett@nmsu.edu Hot, dry, windy weather, faces covered in dirt, and the New Mexico State University rodeo team still came out with a bang. At the Cochise College rodeo in Douglas, Arizona, Sept. 22-23, the men’s team finished first overall and the women’s team placed second. The Aggies had multiple event average winners for the weekend. Assistant Rodeo Coach Oobie Hawkes was asked at the rodeo about how the team was doing. “I just want the kids to go to College Finals and do the best that they can at every college rodeo,” Hawkes said. “We have done well so far at the Cochise rodeo. We are placing in just about everything. It’s just a matter of the student athletes getting their minds right in order to match their talent.” Derek Runyan, sophomore of Silver City, New Mexico, won the average for the tie-down roping event. “Ultimately winning is not my goal, but more of a desirable result of not just going to practice to win at the rodeo,” Runyan said. “Instead I have been practicing to make myself better. So, my goal at every rodeo is to go rope every calf and tie them down without any mistakes and that’s what I have been working on.” Ty Ballard, freshman of Fort Sumner, New Mexico, ended up first for the weekend in the saddle bronc riding. Hayley Dalton-Estes, sophomore of Las Vegas, Nevada, finished first in the goat tying event after completing two quick runs. “It felt good to put a couple of solid runs together, especially since I’m riding a different horse this year in the goats,” Dalton-Estes said. Wyatt Jurney, senior of Las Cruces, won the steer wrestling event. Jurney was asked last Saturday about his outlook on rodeo, along with his placing so far in Douglas. “You have to look at life and rodeo the same. If you’re not having fun with rodeo, then there is no reason to do it, so have fun, try your best and do the best that you can, and that’s what it’s all about,” Jurney said. “I won fourth today. I should have ridden my horse better, but we are headed to the short-go and we are blessed. That is all that matters.” The next college rodeo will be held in Las Cruces, Thursday and Friday Sept. 28-29. For more information contact Logan Corbett at lcorbett@nmsu.edu. - 30 - Follow NMSU News on Twitter: http://twitter.com/nmsunews Follow NMSU News on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/NMSUNews

Tuesday, September 26, 2017

Chaves County North Eddy County Pesticide workshop

pesticide workshop for Eddy County

Leaky Pipes Everywhere! Understanding Connectivity Along River Corridors

In parched North Dakota, cloud-seeding irks some farmers By dave kolpack, associated press FARGO, N.D. — Sep 24, 2017, 11:56 AM ET

In the parched northern Plains, where the worst drought in decades has withered crops and forced some ranchers to begin selling off their herds, a cloud-seeding program aimed at making it rain would seem a strange target for farmer anger. But some North Dakota growers are trying to end a state cloud-seeding program that's been around for generations, believing it may be making the drought worse. Besides anecdotal accounts from decades of farming, they cite satellite images of clouds dissipating after being seeded and statistics over two decades that they say show less rainfall in counties that cloud-seed than surrounding ones that don't. "You watch the planes seed, you will see storms weaken," said Roger Neshem, a 39-year-old farmer in the northern part of the state who is leading an effort to see if Mother Nature can do better on her own. In response to the push, Republican Gov. Doug Burgum has asked the state Water Commission to review the program. Hank Bodner, a cloud-seeding supporter who chairs the state's Atmospheric Resource Board and the Ward County Weather Modification Authority, said opponents have no scientific basis for their doubts. "We've told them that if we're going to have a meeting to discuss this, you need to come with someone who has a PhD to tell us that we're chasing the clouds away," Bodner said. While Hurricanes Harvey and Irma have been battering the Gulf Coast and Southeast with wind and water, the northern Plains have received little more than dust all summer. Almost one-third of Montana is in exceptional drought. Much of North Dakota is in severe to extreme drought, and even the least affected parts of the state are classified as abnormally dry. The federal government has offered emergency loans to help farmers, and the state has requested a federal disaster declaration that could unlock direct disaster payments to farmers and ranchers hit by the drought. Into all this comes cloud-seeding, which involves spraying fine particles of silver iodide and dry ice into a cloud system. It's done by aircraft in North Dakota, but can be done by rockets or by generators on the ground. The silver iodide causes water droplets in the clouds to form ice crystals that become heavier and fall faster, releasing rain and small hailstones — rather than larger stones that could batter crops. More than 50 countries do it in some fashion: ski resorts use it to add precious powder to their slopes; hydroelectric companies seek to bolster spring runoff that powers generation systems; insurance companies support it to cut down on big hailstorms that require big property damage payouts. Some environmental groups have raised questions about the environmental risk of using silver iodide, but the U.S. Public Health Service says cloud-seeding is safe and the North Dakota farmers who oppose their program aren't doing so because of health concerns. It was hail's threat to small crops that spurred North Dakota to launch its program back in the 1950s. The state currently pays about $400,000 toward the program, or about one-third of the cost, and it operates in seven counties. Most studies suggest cloud-seeding produces more rain, but it's not clear to what extent. The state Atmospheric Resource Board points to a Wyoming study from 2005 to 2014 that reported an increase in snowfall of 5 to 15 percent "during ideal seeding conditions." The board also cites a nearly 50-year-old North Dakota project that estimated a potential rainfall increase of 1 inch per growing season. David Delene, a University of North Dakota professor and editor of the Journal of Weather Modification, said it's difficult to assess the effectiveness of cloud-seeding because it's impossible to tell how much rain would have fallen if the clouds hadn't been seeded. "Statistics aren't always as good as we want because every cloud is different," Delene said. "We're getting positive indications the seeding is working. In order for it to be accepted, you need hundreds of cases." Neil Brackin, president of Weather Modification, Inc., the Fargo company that does the aerial seeding, said he doesn't believe cloud-seeding is making the drought worse. He said he welcomes a review of the program. "We have a good story to tell," he said. Neshem, the farmer, isn't convinced. "It should be their job to prove that it works," he said. "They're the ones taking taxpayer money without any proof that it's doing anything. You have 55 years of seeding in Ward County and if you want to have a true scientific experiment, let's do 55 years without it."

Why Does the Colorado River Need to Sue For Rights?

Why Does the Colorado River Need to Sue For Rights? https://sandiegofreepress.org/2017/09/why-does-the-colorado-river-need-to-sue-for-rights/ San Diego Free Press By Will Falk On Tuesday, September 26, the Colorado River will sue the State of Colorado in a first-in-the-nation lawsuit requesting that the United States District Court in Denver recognize the river’s rights of nature. These rights include the rights to exist, flourish, regenerate, and naturally evolve. To enforce these rights, the Colorado River will also request that the court grant the river “personhood” and standing to sue in American courts…Because our legal system currently defines nature as property, “resourcism” is institutionalized in American law. While climate change worsens, water continues to be polluted, and the collapse of every major ecosystem on the continent intensifies, we must conclude that our system of law fails to protect the natural world and fails to protect the human and nonhuman communities who depend on it. Jensen, while diagnosing widespread ecocide, observes a fundamental psychological principle: “We act according to the way we experience the world. We experience the world according to how we perceive it. We perceive it the way we have been taught.” Jensen quotes a Canadian lumberman who once said, “When I look at trees I see dollar bills.” The lumberman’s words represent the dominant culture’s view of the natural world. Jensen explains the psychology of this objectification, “If, when you look at trees you see dollar bills, you will act a certain way. If, when you look at trees, you see trees you will act a different way. If, when you look at this tree right here you see this tree right here, you will act differently still.” Law shapes our experience of the world. Currently, law teaches that nature is property, an object, or a resource to use. This entrenches a worldview that encourages environmental destruction. In other words, when law teaches us to see the Colorado River as dollar bills, as simple gallons of water, as an abstract percentage to be allocated, it is no wonder that corporations like Nestle can gain the right to run plastic bottling operations that drain anywhere from 250 million to 510 million gallons of Colorado River water per year. The American legal system can take a good step toward protecting us all – human and nonhuman alike – by granting ecosystems like the Colorado River rights and allowing communities to sue on these ecosystems’ behalf. When standing is recognized on behalf of ecosystems themselves, environmental law will reflect a conception of legal “causation” that is more friendly to the natural world than it is to the corporations destroying the natural world. At a time when the effects of technology are outpacing science’s capacity to research these effects, injured individuals and communities often have difficulty proving that corporate actions are the cause of their injuries. When ecosystems, like the Colorado River, are granted the rights to exist, flourish, regenerate, and naturally evolve, the obsolete causation theory, en vogue, will be corrected. ************ American history is haunted by notorious failures to afford rights to those who always deserved them. Americans will forever shudder, for example, at Chief Justice Roger Taney’s words, when the Supreme Court, in 1857, ruled persons of African descent cannot be, nor were never intended to be, citizens under the Constitution in Dred Scott v. Sanford. Justice Taney wrote of African Americans, “They had for more than a century before been regarded as being of an inferior order, and altogether unfit to associate with the white race … and so far inferior, that they had no rights which the white man was bound to respect…” And, of course, without rights that white, slave-owning men were bound to respect, the horrors of slavery continued. The most hopeful moments in American history, on the other hand, have occurred when the oppressed have demanded and were granted their rights in American courts. Despite centuries of treating African Americans as less than human while defining them as property, our system of law now gives the same rights to African Americans that American citizens have always enjoyed. Once property, African Americans are now persons under the law. Similarly, despite a centuries-old tradition where women were, in the legal sense, owned by men, our system of law now gives the same rights to women that American citizens have always enjoyed. Once property, women are now a person under the law. It’s tempting to describe this history as “inevitable progress” or as “the legal system correcting itself” or with some other congratulatory language. But, this glosses over the violent struggles it took for rights to be won. The truth is, and we see this clearly in Justice Taney’s words, the American legal system resisted justice until change was forced upon it. It took four centuries of genocide and the nation’s bloodiest civil war before our system of law recognized the rights of African Americans. While the courts resisted, African Americans were enslaved, exploited, and killed. Right now, the natural world is struggling violently for its survival. We watch hurricanes, exacerbated by human-induced climate change, rock coastal communities. We choke through wildfires, also exacerbated by human-induced climate change, sweeping across the West. We feel the Colorado River’s thirst as overdraw and drought dries it up. It is the time that American law stop resisting. Our system of law must change to reflect ecological reality. ************ Colorado River between Marble Canyon (Source: Alex Proimos/Flickr/CC-BY-NC-2.0) This is ecological reality: all life depends on clean water, breathable air, healthy soil, a habitable climate, and complex relationships formed by living creatures in natural communities. Water is life and in the arid American Southwest, no natural community is more responsible for the facilitation of life than the Colorado River. Because so much life depends on her, the needs of the Colorado River are primary. Social morality must emerge from a humble understanding of this reality. Law is integral to any society’s morality, so law must emerge from this understanding, too. Human language lacks the complexity to adequately describe the Colorado River and any attempt to account for the sheer amount of life she supports will necessarily be arbitrary. Nevertheless, many creatures of feather, fin, and fur rely on the Colorado River. Iconic, and endangered or threatened, birds like the bald eagle, greater sage grouse, Gunnison sage grouse, peregrine falcon, yellow-billed cuckoo, summer tanager, and southwestern willow flycatcher make their homes in the Colorado River watershed. Fourteen endemic fish species swim the river’s currents including four fish that are now endangered: the humpback chub, Colorado pikeminnow, razorback sucker, and bonytail. Many of the West’s most recognizable mammals depend on the Colorado River for water and to sustain adequate food sources. Gray wolves, grizzly bear, black bear, mountain lions, coyotes, and lynx walk the river’s banks. Elk, mule deer, and bighorn sheep live in her forests. Beavers, river otters, and muskrats live directly in the river’s flow as well as in streams and creeks throughout the Colorado River basin. The Colorado River provides water for close to 40 million people and irrigates nearly 4 million acres of American and Mexican cropland. Agriculture uses the vast majority of the river’s water. In 2012, 78% of the Colorado’s water was used for agriculture alone. 45% of the water is diverted from the Colorado River basin which spells disaster for basin ecosystems. Major cities that rely on these trans-basin diversions include Denver, Los Angeles, San Diego, and Salt Lake City. Despite the Colorado River’s importance to life, she is being destroyed. Before the construction of dams and large-scale diversion, the Colorado flowed 1,450 miles into the Pacific Ocean near Sonora, Mexico. The river’s life story is an epic saga of strength, determination, and the will to deliver her waters to the communities who need them. Across those 1,450 miles, she softened mountainsides, carved through red rock, and braved the deserts who sought to exhaust her. Now, however, the Colorado River suffers under a set of laws, court decrees, and multi-state compacts that are collectively known as the “Law of the River.” The Law of the River allows humans to take more water from the river than actually exists. Granting the river the rights we seek for her would help the courts revise problematic laws. The regulations set forth in the 1922 Colorado River Compact are the most important and, perhaps, the most problematic. Seven states (Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, and Wyoming) are allotted water under the Compact. When the Compact was enacted, the parties assumed that the river’s flow would remain at a reliable 17 million acre-feet of water per year and divided the water using a 15-million acre feet per year standard. But, hydrologists now know 17 million acre-feet represented an unusually high flow and was a mistake. Records show that the Colorado River’s flow was only 9 million acre-feet in 1902, for example. From 2000-2016, the river’s flow only averaged 12.4 million acre-feet per year. So, for the last 16 years, the Compact states have been legally allowed to use water that isn’t there.

Pecan weevils’ range is growing, warns AgriLife Extension expert

Pecan weevils’ range is growing, warns AgriLife Extension expert Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service’s Bill Ree By Staff Homeowners and pecan orchard operators are being urged to watch for pecan weevils, which can decimate a crop right up to harvest. “This is not a new pest, but what is new is that it’s being sighted in areas where it’s never been found,” said Bill Ree, a Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service integrated pest management specialist at College Station. “It’s a serious pest, ranking right up there with the ubiquitous casebearer that hits developing pecans early in the season practically statewide. Pecan weevils hit late in the season when the nuts are ready to be harvested. “What’s troubling is we are seeing a considerable geographic movement in a pest that was once fairly isolated,” Ree continued. “We are confident this migration is human-assisted.” The pecan weevil, Curculio caryae, is native to North America and has been collected from all the native hickory species, though detailed knowledge of its distribution is only known within pecan populations, Ree said. “Individual producers must manage this pest if they find it in their orchards, as I have seen an instance where no management was applied for several years and upwards of 95 percent of the pecans had pecan weevil damage,” Ree said. “Unfortunately, management of pecan weevil requires at least two late-season insecticide applications, which also kill beneficial insects, thus indirectly causing problems with secondary pests.” In pecan-producing states, Ree said, there is a potential for spreading the pest from infested to uninfested regions. In Texas, 130 of the state’s 254 counties have recorded outbreaks. The most recent being in Hays and Comal counties with a suspected case in Lynn County. “It is unclear if these new detections were the result of man-assisted movement or not,” Ree said. “But the verified infestations should be a wake-up call for the Texas pecan industry because the detections show for the first time that the Guadalupe River Watershed is now at risk from being slowly but surely contiguously infested. “If one looks at a topographical map of the area, it’s apparent there are no natural barriers to prevent further spread because these newly infested areas are adjacent to streams lined with wild, native, and improved pecans that flow all the way to the Gulf of Mexico. “I hear all too often of new detections in New Mexico and fear for its potential spread even farther west. That potential westward movement into the states of New Mexico, Arizona and California would be a very large industry problem.” He said there have been new detections in New Mexico, and that a westward movement into that state as well as Arizona and California would be a large problem for the industry. Ree suggests one method to help prevent the westward spread is through an expanded multi-state quarantine. He said Texas has a pecan weevil quarantine for all counties except the five most western. The Texas quarantine includes all in-shell pecans as well as cracked pecans and any pecan shipment containing shell pieces. Anyone in Texas in the quarantined area selling or shipping pecans to New Mexico, Arizona, or California must meet the quarantine treatment requirements. Ree said quarantines are effective on the commercial side because most growers are aware of the problem and its potential consequences to the industry, but most homeowners are not. He recalled a pecan weevil outbreak in the early 1970s in Otero County, New Mexico, which took several years to control. “Although the infestation was eventually eradicated, the source of this infestation was unclear; however, one of the residents in the infested area recalled having a grocery sack of ‘bad pecans’ that were collected from the native range of the pecan weevil and were later disposed of in his backyard.” Ree said eastern New Mexico and West Texas infestations most likely are the result of human-assisted movement. He said these pop-up infestations are costly for the New Mexico Department of Agriculture to try to eradicate, which often takes years, and are a problem for the industry as a whole. “I don’t have a solution to this problem, but one way I try to address this issue is that I talk about the pecan weevil at all the AgriLife Extension meetings I’m a part of, regardless of whether the county has weevils or not,” he said. “I really feel communication with not only producers but also with the general public is important in getting the word out of the seriousness of this growing problem. “Better communication about this important issue from all those involved with the pecan industry to the general public will be a step in the right direction.” Read more: http://www.dailytrib.com/2017/09/22/pecan-weevils-range-growing-warns-agrilife-extension-expert/#ixzz4tneb7Tkk

Friday, September 22, 2017

This is a notification of this year’s NMDA pesticide disposal event!

This is a notification of this year’s NMDA pesticide disposal event. We will be holding collections at two locations this year: Crop Production Services in Vado on Oct. 10, and Helena Chemical in Albuquerque on Oct. 12. We will also have agricultural plastic recycling services available this year provided by USAg Recycling (eligibility details here: http://www.usagrecycling.com/preparation.html). I have attached an informational flyer that can be shared or posted as needed. NMDA commends all individuals who come together to make this program a success. The proper disposal of pesticides eliminates a potential threat to human health and the environment. Over the last decade we have collected over 400,000 pounds of pesticide products. We hope you continue to utilize the pesticide disposal program by participating this year. Contact me if you have any additional questions or if I can provide more information. Thank you, Jacob Kruse Senior Program Specialist New Mexico Department of Agriculture PO Box 30005, MSC 3AQ Las Cruces, NM 88003 575/646-7049 jkruse@nmda.nmsu.edu www.nmda.nmsu.edu

Farmers, Ranchers Need to Deliver Strong Tax Reform Message To Congress

Farmers, Ranchers Need to Deliver Strong Tax Reform Message To Congress AFBF Press Release Republican congressional leaders, just returning from their month-long August recess, are geared up to revamp and modernize the tax code, making it all the more urgent for farmers and ranchers to share their tax reform priorities with lawmakers…Among farmers’ and ranchers’ top priorities are comprehensive tax reform that helps all farm and ranch businesses; the reduction of combined income and self-employment tax rates to account for any deductions or credits lost; cost-recovery tools like allowing businesses to deduct expenses when incurred; and a continuation of cash accounting, Section 1031 “like-kind exchanges,” and the deduction for state and local taxes. More here

National Milk Oversupply Problem

National Milk Oversupply Problem Politco MorningAg.com About 180 members of the National Farmers Organization, mainly in New York, Vermont and Pennsylvania, are at risk of having no place to sell their milk on Dec. 1 unless they can find a buyer other than Dairy Farmers of America. The NFO members had their contracts terminated due to the overabundance of milk and decreased processing facilities in the region…Brad Rach, NFO's national dairy director, said his organization is doing everything it can to find a new home for the farmers' milk, but things are looking bleak. He added that the oversupply problem is impacting dairy farmers and cooperatives in every region of the country, not just the Northeast. He is hoping the U.S. dairy industry can come together to figure out how to manage the milk supply to prevent a repeat of the nationwide glut. Otherwise, "farmers going out of business will be our supply-management program," he said.

Artesia High School MESA looking for ideas!

I am the sponsor for the MESA club at Artesia High School. Each year we develop a project for our MESA Day competition. This year the project is to have something to do with water. MESA is currently big into using Arduino circuit boards and the programming of the boards. Since Arduino is involved, the students will need to use inputs and outputs to either detect, control, monitor, and/or send out an alarm. I was asking individuals at the high school for ideas and Lynn Worley suggested I contact you to see if you had any ideas as to what we could do for a competition project. I have already contacted some individuals from the dairy industry and Dr. Flynn with NMSU. I am waiting to hear from Dr. Flynn, but I have received a couple ideas from the dairy industry. My cell phone number is 575-749-3338. Thank you, Mark Stone If you have and idea contact on a project that would help Agriculture contact Mark or my self.

Senators Introduce Bill to Reform Antiquated Hardrock Mining Laws

NEWS FROM THE UNITED STATES SENATE FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: September 19, 2017 Senators Introduce Bill to Reform Antiquated Hardrock Mining Laws Hardrock Mining and Reclamation Act will ensure mining companies pay their fair share and prevent future disasters like Gold King Mine blowout WASHINGTON — Today, U.S. Senators Tom Udall (D-N.M.), Martin Heinrich (D-N.M.), Michael Bennet (D-Colo.), Ron Wyden (D-Ore.) and Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.) introduced the Hardrock Mining and Reclamation Act of 2017, legislation to modernize the nation’s antiquated hardrock mining laws. The bill requires companies to pay royalties for the first time for the ability to extract mineral resources like gold, silver, and copper from public lands, helps ensure that taxpayers aren’t on the hook for cleaning up abandoned mines, and seeks to prevent another toxic spill like the Gold King Mine disaster of 2015. The Gold King Mine blowout spilled 3 million gallons of toxic wastewater into the Animas and San Juan rivers, and communities in New Mexico and Colorado are still waiting for compensation for the damage to their businesses and farms. “It’s time to end the antiquated sweetheart deal that hardrock mining companies have enjoyed for nearly 150 years,” said Udall, who has fought for mining reform continuously since he was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1998. “Like oil, gas, and coal producers, mining companies need to pay their fair share, but because our mining laws date back to the Gold Rush era, it’s the taxpayers who are on the hook for cleaning up hundreds of thousands of abandoned mines that are poisoning our watersheds and threatening our communities. The Gold King Mine disaster – and the harm it has caused to Navajo Nation and New Mexico communities – show why we need to bring our laws into the 21st century. We no longer travel West by covered wagon and oxen, and our mining laws should no longer favor Manifest Destiny and the domination of the continent. This legislation will help communities across the West clean up these dangerous abandoned mines, and ensure that taxpayers are getting their fare share of the profit from resources mined on public lands.” “Toxins leaking out of thousands of abandoned hardrock mines threaten public health and damage our watersheds every day,” said Heinrich. “In the Southwest, water is our most precious resource and we cannot continue to do nothing while toxic metals are drained into our rivers and drinking water supplies. We cannot wait to take action until another Gold King Mine disaster strikes again. It is time that Congress overhaul our outdated and ineffective federal hardrock mining policy so taxpayers aren’t the ones on the hook when something goes wrong. We must come together and pass these pragmatic reforms to stop future disasters, and protect the health of our communities, our land, and our water.” "The Gold King spill continues to be a reminder of the threat that abandoned mines pose," said Bennet. "Hardrock mining is a part of our heritage in Colorado, but it is long past time to reform our antiquated mining laws. This bill would provide the resources necessary to help clean up the thousands of abandoned mines in Colorado, improve water quality, and prevent a future disaster for downstream communities." “Private companies that profit from mining on public lands ought to pay for using those lands and for cleaning up the messes they’ve created,” said Wyden. “This common-sense legislation would update a century-old law to make sure hardrock mining companies no longer get a free ride when it comes to cleaning up abandoned mines, which threaten public safety and the environment.” “Huge multinational mining companies can extract gold, silver and other valuable hardrock minerals right now that belong to American taxpayers without paying a dime under a mining law passed after the Civil War,” said Markey. "The mining law of 1872 isn’t just outdated, it’s outrageous. We need to ensure that these large mining companies pay their fair share to mine on public lands so that we have the revenue to protect public health and the environment by cleaning up the hundreds of thousands of dangerous, toxic abandoned mines in Western states.” An estimated half million abandoned hardrock mines like the Gold King are scattered across the West, many leaking toxic chemicals and threatening downstream communities. Yet taxpayers are on the hook to cover the $20 billion-$50 billion it would cost to clean up the mines. The lawmakers' bill offers a common-sense solution to take the burden off taxpayers. Current law dates back to 1872 and allows companies to take gold, silver, copper, uranium and other minerals from public land without paying any royalties. The lawmakers' bill would update the law and impose a common-sense royalty on hardrock mining companies — similar to that paid by oil and gas and coal companies for decades — to help pay for abandoned mine cleanup and prevent future disasters. The bill is also supported by U.S. Representative Ben Ray Luján (D-N.M.). Udall, Heinrich, Bennet, Wyden, Markey, and Luján championed similar House and Senate bills in 2015. “The Gold King Mine spill was a painful reminder of the legacy of hardrock mining in the West that has resulted in thousands of abandoned mines that contain toxic materials,” said Luján. “That’s why I am working with my colleagues in the House on similar legislation to update outdated laws that have left the American people to bear the brunt – and the cost -- of addressing the damage that has been done to our land and water. We must act to ensure that mining companies contribute to the much-needed effort to clean up abandoned mines.” The Hardrock Mining and Reclamation Act of 2017 would: - Require hardrock mining companies to pay an annual rental payment for claimed public land, similar to other public land users. - Set a royalty rate for new operations of 2 percent-5 percent based on the gross income of new production on federal land (would not apply to mining operations already in commercial production or those with an approved plan of operations). - Create a Hardrock Minerals Reclamation Fund for abandoned mine cleanup. The fund would be infused by an abandoned mine reclamation fee of 0.6 percent-2 percent. - Give the Secretary of the Interior the authority to grant royalty relief to mining operations based on economic factors. - Require an exploration permit and mining operations permit for noncasual mining operations on federal land, valid for 30 years and as long as commercial production occurs. - Permit states, political subdivisions, and Indian Tribes to petition the Secretary of the Interior to have lands withdrawn from mining. - Require an expedited review of areas that may be inappropriate for mining, and allow specific areas be reviewed for possible withdrawal. ### Contacts: Jennifer Talhelm (Udall) 202.228.6870 / Whitney Potter (Heinrich) 202.228.1578 / Samantha Slater (Bennet) 202.228.5905 / Sam Offerdahl (Wyden) 202.224.5039 / Giselle Barry (Markey) 202.224.2742 / Joe Shoemaker (Luján) 202.225.6190

ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF TRICHOMONIASIS Wenzel, J, Gifford, C., Hawkes, J1 Introduction

ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF TRICHOMONIASIS Wenzel, J, Gifford, C., Hawkes, J1 Introduction Trichomoniasis is a disease that can be economically devastating in a short period of time. Trichomoniasis is caused by the protozoa, Tritrichomonas foetus, and does not cause the animal to show clinical signs. Additionally, there is no treatment to cure infected animals making the disease difficult to control if proper preventative practices are not followed. A susceptible cow that is bred by an infected bull will become infected with the organism, and will generally abort, resume cyclicity, and then may settle thereby infecting all bulls that breed her while she is infected. Infected bulls will then transmit the disease to the cows he breeds and the disease spreads rapidly through the herd. Trichomoniasis is known to reduce herd fertility, and the economic impacts from reproductive losses can be substantial for the livestock enterprise with extensive implications for both production and economic sustainability. However, the full extent of economic damages associated with a Trichomoniasis outbreak in New Mexico livestock operations has not been evaluated. Therefore, a series of factors that are impactful to the economic profile of the livestock production unit were considered in a recent survey of known positive premises across New Mexico. Physiological factors that were found to be most economically impacted included: calf crop percentage, conception rate, cull rates, weaning weights and re-establishment of the herd. Impacts associated with Trichomoniasis are not a one-year recovery process, but rather a long-term situation that requires intensive management by the livestock producer to return to profitability. Cost and Return Estimate A representative livestock enterprise was employed in the modeling process using the New Mexico State University cost and return estimate generator. The representative ranch had 400 mother cows, 1:20 bull/cow ratio, 15% replacement rate, and a 91% weaned calf crop. The comparative analysis cost and return estimate for a Trichomoniasis infected herd had the same number of mother cows, 1:20 bull/cow ratio, 35% replacement rate and a 64% weaned calf crop. These values were determined through survey responses. Economic Implications of Trichomoniasis in New Mexico The percentage of weaned calves in the Trichomoniasis positive ranches across New Mexico fell by almost 37% after the disease was identified. Economic impacts associated with fewer calves are multifaceted for the production unit. First, the reality of selling fewer calves has a significant impact on the return for the enterprise. Second, due to the extreme environment in NM, most producers find it necessary to raise their own replacement heifers in order to match their animals to the environment. A reduction in weaned calves will constrain the producer decision making process as forward planning is evolving. Not only were fewer calves weaned, but market calves were lighter with the presence of Trichomoniasis thus further reducing gross returns. The result of lighter calves was representative of approximately $21 per cow. Overall, this research model indicated that economic impacts of Trichomoniasis were in excess of $300.00 per cow on the representative livestock enterprise. Conception rates were 90.55% for the disease free enterprise, and 64.5% for the enterprise exposed to Trichomoniasis. The physiological and economic impact is stated in weaned calves. When the disease is present, effects on conception are significant. Conception may be delayed by several cycles. It is estimated that every cycle that a cow does not breed reduces her calf’s weaning weight by as much as 50 pounds. In addition, many cows will not rebreed, and will have to be sold as open cows. Cows that were pregnant, at pregnancy check may abort at any point up to 240 days of gestation. Perhaps the most devastating is the loss in calf crop which can be 10- 50% the first year depending on the rate of transmission in the herd which is largely dependent on the number of infected bulls. Replacement of the aggregate breeding herd holds economic challenges that are both financial and genetic. Trichomoniasis has been shown to alter the genetic composition of the breeding herd. New Mexico producers must select for cows that can produce in an environment where forage is often limiting, and it can take decades to build a herd adapted to the challenging environment. Thus, purchasing replacement heifers is not common for the majority of New Mexico producers. Generations of family choices relative to the development of the mother cow herd have been devastated by this Trichomoniasis. This impact is very challenging to determine a specific economic value through the implementation of the representative cost and return estimate, but reduced calving percentages associated with Trichomoniasis makes it necessary to purchase replacement females. This additional cost is only partially offset with increased cull sales. Costs associated with the replacement of bulls was estimated to exceed $80,000 for the representative model. Testing The only known way to eliminate the disease, and to prevent infection is to test bulls; thus, Trichomoniasis testing is a positive investment for the livestock entity. The cost of a Trichomoniasis test was estimated to be $46.21 per bull as determined by the survey average. Relative to the potential economic loss associated with the disease should the enterprise become infected, this cost would appear to be a positive return on investment. In addition, annual testing will also facilitate positive working relationships with neighboring livestock enterprises. Collaborative efforts to increase Trichomoniasis testing in a region is an encouraged concept and is the most effective method to eliminate or minimize spread of the disease. Table 1. Economic Profile of Trichomoniasis in New Mexico Without Trich Per Cow With Trich Per Cow Number of Cows 400 400 Calf Crop Percentage 91% 64% Weaning Weight Heifers 495 486 Weaning Weight Steers 515 509 Trich Test/Bull $0.00 $0.00 $46.25 $0.12 Bull Cost $8,000.00 $20.00 $91,107.14 $227.77 Total Return $242,063.00 $605.16 $166,114.00 $415.29 Total Cost $165,037.00 $412.59 $249,822.00 $624.56 Return Above Total Costs $77,025.00 $192.56 -$83,708.00 -209.27 Change in Return -$401.83 Summary Table 1 provides a summary of the economic impact of Trichomoniasis. The introduction of this disease in a livestock enterprise will have economic impacts. These impacts will change both liquidity and solvency. The overall impact of the study determined that all factors when combined will have a total economic impact to the livestock enterprise of greater than $400 per cow. Annualized return on investment would exceed 129% in this scenario. A return with a level of significance as presented allows the livestock enterprise owner/management team to make an easy decision- initiate and sustain Trichomoniasis testing. 1 – All with New Mexico State University, Department of Extension Animal Sciences and Natural Resources Wenzel, J -Extension Veterinarian Gifford, C.- Extension Beef Specialist Hawkes, J. – Ag Economist and Department Head

roundtable in Santa Rosa

Please join NMSU Corona Range and Livestock Research Center and the Guadalupe County Cooperative Extension Service in Santa Rosa on Wednesday, October 18th starting at 8 a.m. for the next Let’s Talk! Breakfast in Town roundtable discussion, followed by Beef Quality Assurance (BQA) training or recertification. It will be held at the Blue Hole Convention Center. This is a free event to attend but please register at www.corona.nmsu.edu to allow us meal planning. Breakfast and lunch will be served. Attached is the event flyer with more details. We hope to see you there, Shad

PECANS ARE FALLING.

PECANS ARE FALLING. Pecan nuts grow in two phases. The first phase includes pollination, nut enlargement, and water stages. This usually occurs between the dates of May 1 to August 15. Phase II is kernel filling and shell hardening. This usually occurs from August 15 to November 1. Close to the date when the first phase of nut development is complete, the third nut drop, called the August drop occurs. But pecan trees can’t read a calendar and this is determined by heat units. This usually occurs from August to mid-September. This year it was more into September to now. It causes greater concern to pecan growers and homeowners because of the large size of the nuts at this time. Although the percentage shed is generally low, 8 to 10 percent. Some trees in the area this year have had very high percent shed however. Embryo abortion is considered to the reason for this late drop. By the time August/September drop takes place, the embryo has attained full size, the ovary has about completed its enlargement and the pecans will soon begin to harden. Premature shedding will occur when something affects the embryo. If the embryo aborts after the shell hardens, the nut usually matures, but will be hollow or what is commonly called a pop. Although the causal factors for embryo abortion are not known, some researchers consider the following situations, to be related to embryo abortion: • A severe drought or later stress. This is more likely to occur in poor soils and it frequently takes place during the water stage. • A prolonged period of excess moisture. Lack of air in the soil impairs the root system capacity to absorb water and nutrients required by the pecan tree. • Hot, dry winds can increase water loss by increasing the pecan tree moisture requirements due to high transpiration rates. • Insects (Shuck-worm, southern green stinkbug, pecan weevil). Puncturing of the ovary wall, the future nutshell will cause nuts to fall in 3 or 4 days. • Any physical damages that can disturb the ovary wall (shell) of pecans. In general this has been a stressful year due to the changes of temperature cool then hot, and water requirements of the trees. Rainwater not only helps supply water to the trees it also has a higher leaching capacity for leaching salts from around the roots. Salt can cause a physiological drought in the trees, which cause embryo abortion. With the rains some people did not keep up with the water requirement of the trees. Look at a sampling of the fallen nuts and check for insect damage to the shuck or the shell. Pecan Weevil has increased its territory in Texas and some counties in New Mexico so if you find a whole in the nut and a grub inside bring that to the Extension Office. If you are having a high August nut drop, all you can do is water correctly, not too much, and not too little and take care of the crop you have left. Subscribe to Eddy County Ag news at: http://nmsueddyag.blogspot.com/ Eddy County Extension Service, New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and educator. All programs are available to everyone regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. New Mexico State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Eddy County Government Cooperating

Thursday, September 21, 2017

Put Farm Safety into Practice

Put Farm Safety into Practice As harvest begins for many across the country, it's important to remember farm safety rules that will keep everyone out of harm's way on the farm. This week is National Farm Safety and Health Week where the theme is "Putting Farm Safety into Practice." Agriculture is among the nation's most hazardous industries with a work-related death rate of 22.2 deaths per 100,000 workers annually according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. To help farmers and ranchers stay up to date on farm safety practices, the U.S. Agricultural Centers' has created a YouTube channel where they have more than 100 videos on a variety of topics, including grain bin safety, heat illness, tractor rollovers and agricultural vehicle lighting and marking requirements. Click here to watch the videos. National Sorghum Producers wishes all of our farmers a safe and bountiful harvest.

Confirmation Hearing Held for Two USDA Nominees

Confirmation Hearing Held for Two USDA Nominees The Senate Agriculture Committee held a confirmation hearing Tuesday for Steve Censky, the nominee for deputy agriculture secretary, and Ted McKinney, the nominee for the newly created position of undersecretary for trade and foreign agriculture affairs. The nominees only received questions from six of the 21 committee members during which they addressed key topics such as crop insurance, trade barriers, rural broadband expansion and climate change. The committee is expected to vote on their nominations sometime next week once they resume from the three-day Rosh Hashana recess. The House is also in recess this week only having pro forma sessions on Monday and Thursday; however, GOP leaders are planning to roll out their tax reform plan next week once they resume Monday, September 25.

Aamodt Settlement Act Signed into Law by Interior Secretary Zinke

Aamodt Settlement Act Signed into Law by Interior Secretary Zinke by lajicarita By KAY MATTHEWS On September 15 Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke took a few minutes out of his attack on our national monuments to announce in the Federal Register that all conditions of the Aamodt Litigation Settlement Act have been met and it is officially a done deal. This adjudication determines both ground and surface water rights of the four Pojoaque Basin pueblos, Nambe, Tesuque, San Ildefonso, and Pojoaque, and all non-pueblo residents. As I’ve laid out in previous La Jicarita articles, these conditions stipulate that 1) the necessary water supply that must be delivered to the Pueblos via the Pojoaque Basin Regional Water System—2,381 afy—has been permitted by the State Engineer; and 2) “The State has enacted necessary legislation and has provided funding as required under the Settlement Agreement.” As I’ve also laid out in previous La Jicarita articles, Taos County has filed an appeal of its protest of the Top of the World water transfer that supplies part of that water to the Pueblos. And the County of Santa Fe passed a resolution in 2015 stating that it will not appropriate its share of the $261 necessary to fund the Regional Water System “until the legal status of County Roads running through the Settling Pueblos has been resolved.” San Ildefonso Pueblo is claiming that county roads that cross through its “external boundaries” belong to the pueblo and is seeking easement payments. The county claims that it has rights of way on all the roads in question. There has been no resolution of this controversy that has pitted the Pueblos against the non-Pueblo residents of the affected county lands. Dave Neal, an officer of the Northern New Mexicans Protecting Land, Water, and Rights (NNMProtects), a group of Valley residents who have fought both the Aamodt Settlement and to resolve the road easement issue, told La Jicarita that Zinke has extended the deadline for this road resolution from September 15 to November 15, but that the county remains determined that no funds will be released until county residents are assured easements. Even with this extension, could this mean that the Settlement may actually come up short on its requisite water supply and funding and fail to be implemented (the State also failed to pass a required $9 appropriation in last year’s legislative session)? Another possible roadblock would be the failure to complete the Regional Water System by 2024, the deadline stipulated for completion in the Settlement Act. None of this seems to bother the powers that be behind this 51 year old adjudication who have pushed this controversial project through the legal process with little regard for fairness, cost, burdensome bureaucracy, the abrogation of the transfer protest process, the cumulative impacts of moving paper water from basin to basin, dipping one more straw into the Rio Grande, and most importantly, the changing nature of our environment and climate that could easily render water supply inadequate or even nonexistent. The legal process does allow for a challenge to the Final Decree, which is being mounted by many of the 300 plus non-Pueblo Pojoaque Valley residents who objected to the terms of the settlement but whose objections were dismissed by the court overseeing the adjudication. They have now filed a notice of appeal to the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals, represented by Blair Dunn of the Western Agriculture, Resource and Business Advocates law firm. This will be an uphill battle considering the forces deployed against it. Just one last note about Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke. While questions should always be raised about how local communities are consulted when public lands are assigned certain restrictions, such as national monument designation, that’s not really what Zinke’s agenda is about. His aim is to aid and abet the movement within the Republican Party to privatize as many public lands as possible in order to turn them over to the extractive industry. As Outside Magazine reported on Zinke’s secret memo to Trump on his review of the monuments, which was leaked to the press, the GOP’s official platform states: “Congress shall immediately pass universal legislation providing for a timely and orderly mechanism requiring the federal government to convey certain federally controlled public lands to states.” The American Lands Council, based in Utah, is spearheading the movement, which makes the Bears Ears and the Grand Staircase-Escalante national monuments the most vulnerable. lajicarita | September 21, 2017 at 11:02 am | Tags: Aamodt Adjudication Settlement, American Lands Council, Bears Ears National Monument, Department of the Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke, Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, NNMProtects | Categories: Acequias, Climate Change, Groundwater, New Mexico Office of the State Engineer, Private Property, Public Lands, Water Adjudication, water and acequias | URL: http://wp.me/p2bCkq-1JR