Friday, June 23, 2017

Court tosses DOJ policy on prosecuting wildlife killers

Court tosses DOJ policy on prosecuting wildlife killers E&E News By Amanda Reilly A federal court yesterday threw out a long-standing Justice Department policy on prosecuting killers of protected wildlife only if the hunter knew the target was a listed species. The U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona found the "McKittrick Policy" was "outside the range of prosecutorial authority" given to DOJ under the Endangered Species Act. "The government does not need to prove the defendant knew that killing an endangered or threatened species was illegal or that the animal he or she shot was protected under the law," the court's opinion says. "The responsibility for any mistake falls on the defendant." Conservation groups cheered the ruling by Judge David Bury, a George W. Bush appointee. "The end of the McKittrick Policy is a crucial victory for critically imperiled animals including Mexican wolves and grizzly bears," said Bethany Cotton, wildlife program director for WildEarth Guardians, in a statement

Legislation Offers Relief from Federal Water

Legislation Offers Relief from Federal Water Extortion WASHINGTON, D.C., June 20, 2017 – The Water Rights Protection Act, introduced in the House today, could bring U.S. ranchers much-needed relief from ongoing efforts by the federal government to extort privately held water rights from law-abiding citizens, according to the American Farm Bureau Federation. “It’s time to put a stop to federal strong-arming of ranchers by a government that owns the majority of the land for grazing west of the Mississippi,” AFBF President Zippy Duvall said. “Water is the most valuable resource for every farmer and rancher. Unfortunately, the federal tactics we’ve seen in recent years have little to do with conservation and everything to do with big government and control.” In recent years, federal land managers in the West have demanded increasingly that the ranchers who work the land surrender their water rights to the government or leave. Public lands are meant to be enjoyed and shared by our citizens, and America’s ranchers play a critical role in caring for these lands. The government’s treatment of these ranchers is not only unfair, but unconstitutional, AFBF said. For America’s farmers and ranchers to continue to provide the food, fuel and fiber for the nation and the world, they simply must have access to water. This is especially crucial in the West. All citizens have a right to expect that their lawfully acquired water rights will be respected by the federal government. If passed, the Water Rights Protection Act (H.R. 2939) would bar the federal government from seizing state-granted water rights from ranchers and restore basic property rights to them. According to AFBF, the act echoes policy changes President Trump set forth in his executive order on Promoting Agriculture and Rural Prosperity in America, which further supports the protection of ranchers’ water rights. The legislation would also: • Prohibit agencies from demanding transfer of privately held water rights to the federal government in exchange for federal land use permits or other things; • Maintain federal deference to state water law; and • Maintain environmental safeguards already in place. Farm Bureau commends Congressman Scott Tipton’s leadership on the legislation, and urges Congress to act swiftly to bring America’s ranchers much-needed relief. -30-

NM interior officials undergoing shuffle

NM interior officials undergoing shuffle By Michael Coleman / Journal Washington Bureau Thursday, June 22nd, 2017 at 12:05am Copyright © 2017 Albuquerque Journal WASHINGTON – The director of the Bureau of Land Management in New Mexico is among dozens of top U.S. Department of Interior officials asked by Secretary Ryan Zinke to accept new positions or resign, a move that drew criticism Wednesday from New Mexico’s senators in Washington. Amy Lueders, director of New Mexico’s BLM office, has been reassigned to an as-yet-unannounced position in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Both agencies are part of the Interior Department. The Bureau of Land Management oversees millions of acres of federal land around the nation, including in New Mexico. “Amy has served as our BLM state director for the past two years, and she has been incredibly engaged and responsive,” Sen. Tom Udall, D-N.M., told Zinke at an Interior budget hearing on Capitol Hill on Wednesday. “Quite frankly, I don’t want New Mexico to lose her, and I’m very concerned about the impacts of other changes as well.” Lueders declined to comment through a spokeswoman Wednesday. It is unclear who will replace her at the BLM. Udall said Zinke’s shake-up of the Interior Department’s top ranks also includes the reassignment of Benjamin Tuggle, the Albuquerque-based Southwest Regional Director of the Fish and Wildlife Service, and the newly installed director of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Weldon “Bruce” Loudermilk, who is based in Washington. Udall said “the scale of these changes is virtually without precedent.” The New Mexico senator asked Zinke for a comprehensive list of employees affected by the management shuffle, but Zinke told reporters after the hearing he could not provide one until it’s clear who is going to “take the move or resign.” Sen. Martin Heinrich, D-N.M., told the Journal he worried the personnel changes don’t take into consideration the employees’ hard-earned expertise in complex policy areas. Rep. Steve Pearce, R-N.M., said he backed Zinke’s decision to make personnel changes at the department. “It is within Secretary Zinke’s authority to ensure the Department of the Interior is operating as efficiently as possible,” Pearce told the Journal. “I will continue to voice New Mexico’s priorities to Secretary Zinke as staffing changes are made throughout the department.” Interior Department Press Secretary Heather Swift told the Journal on Wednesday the move should not come as a surprise and is in the best interests of the taxpayer. “The president signed an executive order to reorganize the federal government for the future and the secretary (Zinke) has been absolutely out front on that issue,” she said. “In fact, he mentioned a department-wide, front lines-focused reorganization on his first day address to all employees. Personnel moves are being conducted to better serve the taxpayer and the department’s operations through matching Senior Executive skill sets with mission and operational requirements.” The move to reassign the employees, who are part of the federal government’s Senior Executive Service – a category just under the top agency political appointees – is legal after the person has been in the job for six months. An official with the Senior Executives Association, which represents 6,000 of the government’s top leaders, told the Washington Post last week that Interior reassignments could involve as many as 50 people. -- • To remove your name

Thursday, June 22, 2017

USDA Halting Import of Fresh Brazilian Beef

Perdue: USDA Halting Import of Fresh Brazilian Beef (Washington, DC, June 22, 2017) – U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue today announced the suspension of all imports of fresh beef from Brazil because of recurring concerns about the safety of the products intended for the American market. The suspension of shipments will remain in place until the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture takes corrective action which the USDA finds satisfactory. Since March, USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) has been inspecting 100 percent of all meat products arriving in the United States from Brazil. FSIS has refused entry to 11 percent of Brazilian fresh beef products. That figure is substantially higher than the rejection rate of one percent of shipments from the rest of the world. Since implementation of the increased inspection, FSIS has refused entry to 106 lots (approximately 1.9 million pounds) of Brazilian beef products due to public health concerns, sanitary conditions, and animal health issues. It is important to note that none of the rejected lots made it into the U.S. market. The Brazilian government had pledged to address those concerns, including by self-suspending five facilities from shipping beef to the United States. Today’s action to suspend all fresh beef shipments from Brazil supersedes the self-suspension. Secretary Perdue issued the following statement: “Ensuring the safety of our nation’s food supply is one of our critical missions, and it’s one we undertake with great seriousness. Although international trade is an important part of what we do at USDA, and Brazil has long been one of our partners, my first priority is to protect American consumers. That’s what we’ve done by halting the import of Brazilian fresh beef. I commend the work of USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service for painstakingly safeguarding the food we serve our families.” #

Monday, June 19, 2017

REWARD FOR CATTLE KILLER INFORMATION THAT LEAD TO ARREAST Web Staff June 17, 2017 05:40 PM CARLSBAD, N.M. – Investigators in Carlsbad are offering a $1,000 reward for anyone who can help them find out who shot and killed a cow. A rancher found one of his cows shot in the stomach on Dark Canyon Road earlier this month. The person responsible will be charged with extreme cruelty to animals. It’s a loss of about $2,000 for the rancher. If you have any information, you are encouraged to call Eddy County Crimestoppers at 1-844-786-7227. Eddy County Cattle Growers are offering and additional $1,000. Total reward is now $2,000. AS you know this has become a common crime in Eddy County.

Tomato Wilt

TOMATOES WILTING This last month or so I have had a number of people bring me in wilting tomatoes, It was not curly top virus which causes purple veins and starts at the top of the plants. The NMSU Plant Pathology Laboratory identified and isolated Verticillium wilt. This is a soil fungal disease of tomatoes and potatoes can be caused by two different soil-borne fungi, Verticillium albo-atrum or Verticillium dahliae. The samples we sent in were V. dahlia. These fungi have a very broad host range, infecting up to 200 species of plants. In addition to tomatoes and potatoes, these fungi can infect cucumber, eggplant, Chile pepper, bell pepper, rhubarb, watermelon, artichoke, beet, broad bean, strawberries, raspberries, and a number of weedy plants. They may also infect several woody species such as maple, ash, lilac, smoke bush and roses. Wilting is the most characteristic symptom of infection by Verticillium spp. In Eddy County symptoms usually appear on the lower leaves in mid-May to mid-August when infected plants wilt during the warmest part of the day, and then recover at night. Leaf edges and areas between the veins turn yellow and then brown. In addition, infected plants often have a characteristic V-shaped lesion at the edge of the leaf occurring in a fan pattern. These foliar lesions can enlarge, resulting in complete browning and death of the leaves. Verticillium wilt can be detected by looking for the presence of vascular streaking in stems near the ground. When cut longitudinally, Verticillium-infected stems show a light tan discoloration of the vascular tissue. These symptoms are similar to those caused by another fungus, Fusarium, but vascular streaking caused by Fusarium is generally darker and progresses further up the stem than streaking caused by Verticillium. Infected potato tubers may also show similar vascular discoloration occurring in rings, especially near the stem end. Although discolored, the tubers are safe to eat. Wilt caused by this disease may be differentiated from drought-stress based on the portion of the plant that is wilting and on the location of wilted plants. Diseased plants often have only a portion of the plant wilting, such as one or two stems which is different than curly top. In addition, diseased plants usually appear in patches within the growing area. So you may have some plants that are doing great and a spot where they are all wilting. Plants suffering from drought, however, are uniformly wilted and occur throughout the growing area. The fungi causing this disease overwinter in the soil as mycelium or on plant debris as microsclerotia. The fungi infect a susceptible host through wounds in the roots caused by cultivation, nematodes (microscopic worms), or the formation of secondary roots. This disease is considered a cool-weather disease, developing between 65° and 83°F. Management of this disease is difficult since the pathogen survives in the soil and can infect many species of plants. As with many diseases, no single management strategy will solve the problem. Rather, a combination of methods should be used to decrease its effects. When a positive diagnosis has been made, the following recommendations may be followed: • Whenever possible, plant resistant varieties. There are many Verticillium-resistant varieties of tomatoes. These are labeled "V" for Verticillium-resistance. There are no potato varieties that are resistant to Verticillium, though some varieties are tolerant. Note: Verticillium-resistant plants may still develop Verticillium wilt if there is a high population of nematodes in the soil. • Remove and destroy any infested plant material to prevent the fungi from overwintering in the debris and creating new infections. • Keep plants healthy by watering and fertilizing as needed. • Gardens should be kept weed-free since many weeds are hosts for the pathogen. • Susceptible crops can be rotated with non-hosts such as cereals and grasses, although 4 to 6 years may be required since the fungi can survive for long periods in the soil. • Alternate garden spots, pulling clear plastic over one to heat the soil with sunlight, every few week you can pull the cover off and stir the soil up to expose more to the high heat. This will help reduce the amount of inoculum in the soil. Which give resistant varieties more of a chance. Resistance is proportional to the challenge. If there is a lot of inoculum in the soil it can overcome the ability of the plant to resist. • Container gardening is also an option. Verticillium-resistant tomato varieties Verticillium-tolerant potato varieties • Better Boy • Big Beef • Celebrity • Daybreak • Early Girl • First Lady • Floramerica • Husky Gold • Husky Red • Italian Gold • Jet Star • Miracle Sweet • Pink Girl • Roma • Sunstart • Super Sweet 100 • Ultra Sweet • Viva Italia • Century Russet • Gold Rush • Itasca • Ranger Russet • Reddale • Targhee Don’t plant any variety of tomato that does not have VFN after the name. The smaller the tomato the more heat resistant they are. We don’t have a good handle on green chile that are resistant. A recent study from Ruggers University indicated that some protection of the roots using Ammonia Sulfate fertilizer (21-0-0). Subscribe to Eddy County Ag news at: Eddy County Extension Service, New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and educator. All programs are available to everyone regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. New Mexico State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Eddy County Government Cooperating.

Friday, June 16, 2017

Sheriff working on Comunity Policing for Rural Eddy County

Mark Gage the sheriff of Eddy County is working on developing a rural community policing. It is difficult with a force of only about 60 officers to have a presence in a county 4,184 square miles or 2,677,760 acres big with thousands of miles of back county gravel roads. The attached form is so that patrol officer on sheriff deputies can respond to rural areas better. For location you can use rural addressing system, Range Township section ¼ of the ¼ , GPS lat and long. Whatever you have the more the better. You can also include information like Elderly in residence, Heart condition, and diabetic whatever you think will help a first responder. This is 100% voluntary and is to help them help you. You can mail, fax, scan and e-mail, or drop it by the Eddy County Sheriff’s office or the Extension Office and I will make sure he gets it. Send this to your friends or give them a form. Right now he is concentration is on ranches but he will want to do the same with farms I am sure in the near future. If you have question or concerns call Mark or the Under Sheriff. Share this form with other Rural residents, and help Sheriff Gage help us.

Wednesday, June 14, 2017

Wildlife Service published a proposed rule to delist the Gypsum Wild-Buckwheat

Woods note: Gypsum wild buckwheat has two populations in Eddy County. On January 6, 2017, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service published a proposed rule to delist the Gypsum Wild-Buckwheat as a threatened species throughout its range under the Endangered Species Act of 1973. On June 13, 2017 the Service reopened a 30-day public comment period. The Gypsum Wild-Buckwheat proposed listing rule can be found here: , entering FWS–R2–ES–2016–0119 in the Search box. The proposed rule reassesses all available information regarding status of and threats to the Gypsum Wild-Buckwheat. We intend that any final action resulting from this proposed rule will be based on the best scientific and commercial data available and be as accurate and as effective as possible. Therefore, we are particularly seeking comments and information concerning these categories: 1) Current and ongoing threats. 2) Current regulatory protections. 3) The need for post delisting management and protections for the species. The Service is requesting comments or information on this proposal. Comments must be received on or before July 13, 2017 and can be submitted by one of the following methods: 1) Electronically: Go to the Federal eRulemaking Portal: In the Search box, enter FWS–R2–ES–2016–0119 for Gypsum wild-buckwheat, which is the docket number for the rulemakings. Then, in the Search panel on the left side of the screen, under the Document Type heading, click on the Proposed Rules link to locate this document. You may submit a comment by clicking on “Comment Now!”

Tuesday, June 13, 2017

Public infromation and Hearing on Texas Hornshell mussel in Back River, Eddy County NM

Today, it is the only native mussel remaining in New Mexico and is scarce in Texas, occupying only 15% of its historical U.S. range. Habitat fragmentation and loss as a result of impoundments and reduced water quality and quantity are negatively impacting the Texas hornshell and other freshwater mussels across the Southwest. After thoroughly reviewing the best available science, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is proposing to protect the mussel as endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). We are seeking comments from academia, the public, industry, local and federal agencies, states and other stakeholders. “The Texas hornshell and other mussels across the Southwest are struggling because the waterways they call home are being altered and impacted by declining water quality and quantity,” said Dr. Benjamin N. Tuggle, the Service’s Southwest Regional Director. “Declining freshwater mussel populations are signs of an unhealthy aquatic system, which has negative implications for the fish, wildlife and communities that depend upon those rivers and streams.” “By working closely with private landowners, states and federal agencies we will improve water quality and quantity to benefit both the species and communities that rely upon those flowing waters.” The Texas hornshell can grow to more than 41⁄2 inches long and live up to 20 years. Like other freshwater mussels, it uses fish to complete its life cycle. Fertilized hornshell eggs develop into larvae and are released from the adults into the water where they are consumed by fish. The larvae then form parasitic cysts in the host fish’s gills, face or fins where they transform into the juvenile form and are released. If they are released in a suitable area, they can attach to a substrate and complete their development, becoming reproductive adult mussels. In the Rio Grande, the Texas hornshell has been found downstream of Big Bend National Park and near Laredo in Webb County, Texas, in the Pecos River near Pandale, Texas, and the Devil’s River in Val Verde County, Texas. Historically, the Texas hornshell was widely distributed in Gulf Coast rivers in Mexico, however, its present status there is unclear.
From USFWS news release August 9, 2016 Contact(s): Chuck Ardizzone, 281-286-8282, Lesli Gray, 972-439-4542, Jeff Humphrey, 602-242-0210, A public informational session from 5:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m., followed by a public hearing from 6:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. on June 15, 2017, Pecos River Village in Carlsbad, New Mexico

Monday, June 12, 2017

Eddy County Sheriff to meet with Eddy County Ranchers.

The Eddy County Sheriff's office is holding a meeting to share some news with us. Here is the press release: Eddy County Ranchers Assocation Meeting When: June 15, 2017 @ 2:00 P.M Where: Eddy County Sheriff's Office (1502 Corrales Drive, Carlsbad New Mexico) Sheriff Mark Cage cordially invites you to the Eddy County Rancher's Association meeting at the Eddy County Sheriff's Office located at 1502 Corrales Drive. The meeting will be held on June 15, 2017 at 2.P.M. The Rancher's Association will be discussing various law enforcement topics that ranchers are dealing with in Eddy County. Several different law enforcement agencies will be present at this meeting. All citizens of Eddy County are welcome to attend. There will be refreshments provided. Since we are gathering together anyway for this, we will have an official meeting too and kill two birds with one stone. We do have a few quick business things to take care of. Hope to see you there. Invite your neighbors. Sandi Wilkie

NMDA hold public hearing on adoption and amendement on Organic Agriculture and Pasterurized Milk.

NMDA to hold public rule hearings across New Mexico For Immediate Release: June 13, 2017 Contact: Shelby Herrera 575-646-3007 office (LAS CRUCES, N.M.) - The New Mexico Department of Agriculture will hold public hearings in four locations across the state to discuss the adoption and amendment of two rules. The hearings will be held to propose the repeal and adoption of 21.15.1 NMAC – “Organic Agriculture,” and amendments to 21.34.3 NMAC “Pasteurized Milk Ordinance,” and receive public comment on each proposal. The hearings will be as follows: • In Las Cruces at the New Mexico Department of Agriculture, on Wednesday, July 5, 2017 from 1–2 p.m., and 2:30–3:30 p.m. • In Portales at the Roosevelt County Extension Office on Thursday, July 6, 2017 from 2–3 p.m., and 3:30–4:30 p.m. • In Santa Fe at the State Capitol building in room 326, on Friday, July 7, 2017 from 8–9 a.m., and 9:30–10:30 a.m. • In Albuquerque at the Bernalillo County Extension Office, on Friday, July 7, 2017 from 1–2 p.m., and 2:30–3:30 p.m. During the Organic Agriculture hearings, the new fee structure for the Department’s Organic Program will be proposed. During the Pasteurized Milk Ordinance hearings amendments will be proposed. These amendments add a reference to additional documents that are used to regulate milk and milk products in New Mexico. The Organic rule hearings will be held first at each location, with the Pasteurized Milk Ordinance rule hearings to follow. A copy of the proposed rule is available on the webpage at, or at the New Mexico Department of Agriculture located at 3190 S. Espina, Las Cruces, NM 88003.

Thursday, June 8, 2017

NEW MEXICO HEALTH ALERT NETWORK (HAN) ALERT Plague Information for New Mexico Healthcare Personnel

Please freely distribute this alert. NEW MEXICO HEALTH ALERT NETWORK (HAN) ALERT Plague Information for New Mexico Healthcare Personnel June 7, 2017 An adult male from Santa Fe County recently was diagnosed with pneumonic plague, requiring admission to an intensive care unit. Clinicians in New Mexico should consider plague in their differential diagnoses when dealing with febrile patients -- particularly if they live in or have spent time in northern New Mexico, present with swollen lymph node/s, or do not have an obvious cause of their illness -- because untreated or improperly treated patients have a high risk of mortality. SEE THE ATTACHED ALERT FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION.

Tuesday, June 6, 2017

NMSU new publicaition

Guide B-707: Evaluation of Equine Hoof Care Jason L. Turner (Extension Horse Specialist, Dept. of Extension Animal Sciences and Natural Resources)

Monday, June 5, 2017

Ag Degree Days

I wanted to let you all know that we will be bringing Ag Degree Days back to campus this year. We will be expanding the program to two full days with more hands on and demonstration. Below is a tentative agenda… Wednesday August 2nd 8:00 am to Noon – Horsemanship with Curt Pate (open to public with separate fee charged) 1:00pm to 5:30 – Stockmanship with Curt Pate (Ag Day program begins) 5:30 meal and entertainment at the college ranch (?) Thursday August 3rd 8:00 – 5:00 “Classes in Animal Science and Natural Resources” (official schedule TBA) • Could offer a block of time for Pesticide Training (have 4 – 5 hrs available) Will make CE eligible • BQA Certification • Policy Discussion Panel Friday August 4th 8:00 to noon Hands on sessions Animal Health Chute Side Tack and Saddle Fitting Brush spraying Plant Identification(?) or Livestock Facility Design(?) All of the Friday presentations would be provided by our sponsors. Before we commit to adding the pesticide training, we would like to hear from you on the need of this training? There is some planning that will be needed in order to coordinate this option. We are happy to pursue it if you think it will help. Any feedback would be appreciated. Thanks! Marcy Marcy Ward, PhD Extension Livestock Specialist New Mexico State University Las Cruces, NM 88003 (O) 575-646-5947 (Cell) 575-644-3379

Friday, June 2, 2017


SPINOSE EAR TICKS IN EDDY COUNTY The most common tick in Eddy county and New Mexico is Spinose Ear Tick, (Octobius megnini). Ticks frequently use wild animal hosts to maintain tremendous populations near treated cattle herds. Ticks produced on wildlife can re-infest treated cattle, and they continually pose a problem for Eddy County and New Mexico cattle producers. Some species of ticks are also capable of transmitting diseases such as anaplasmosis to cattle however, there is no know disease transmitted by Spinose Ear Tick. The life cycle of ticks starts out as larval ticks, which are six-legged and 0.5 mm long, hatch in three to eight weeks from eggs laid on the ground and climb anything vertical and patiently await passing potential hosts. Wooden coral posts, gates, barn siding. They can survive several months without a feed or moisture. When a suitable host becomes available, they make their way to the ear and attach just below the hairline. Grooves and folds in the ear canal are favored sites. I have dug them out from deep within the ear. After sucking blood for about a week and growing to about 4 mm they molt to the first nymph stage. The first stage nymphs remain in the ear without feeding and molt seven to ten days later to the second nymph stage. Second stage nymphs suck blood for one to seven months, growing to about 8 mm long, and it is this stage, which is most likely to be observed. They are big and plump looking. After exiting the ear and dropping to the ground, they hide in cracks, crevices, beneath rocks and under bark before maturing to adults in one to six weeks, depending on environmental conditions. Adults are free living and eat nothing. They mate on the ground and females can survive up to two years, laying 500–1500 eggs. The Spinose Ear Tick first appeared in New Mexico during the drought years of the early 1930s when Texas cattle were imported to this area to obtain water. Infestations were somewhat localized. During the 1960s, the range of infestation appeared to spread statewide. Now they in every county in New Mexico, and in every state in the Union as well as Canada, Mexico, India, and Australia. Parasitic larvae and nymphs of this species cause serious damage to livestock. The wounds can become infected with pus-forming organisms that give rise to a condition known as canker ear. The constant irritation causes animals to become dull, unthrifty and even to lose weight. Infested animals shake their heads and rub their ears in an attempt to relieve the irritation. This species of ticks are not known to be vectors of disease thankfully because they are hard to control once established in a heard. However, tick infested animals are subject to secondary microbial infections due to feeding wounds and the accumulation of tick feces and cast exuviate from molting. In addition, severely infested animals are prone to maggot infestations as a resulting from flies laying eggs in the deteriorating environment. They can but do not often infect human, dog, cats or sheep. I have found extensive populations in horses. They are reported in mules, goats, lama, elk, white-tailed deer, mule deer, mountain sheep and goats. Infestation is spread by introduction of an infested animal or animals into previously un-infested herds. Bulls and replacement heifers that are to be kept for some time are most likely to be involved. Since the nymphs may remain in the ear for four months, any animal kept on a farm or ranch for that period of time could provide the source for infestation of the whole herd. It take vigilance over a long period of time to break the life cycle and “clean up” a herd because of the long life cycle and wildlife host source. Controlling ticks is difficult and generally requires a combination of cultural, preventive, and pesticide control methods. Ear ticks on livestock can be controlled with systemic or contact insecticides. However, re-infestation makes this method expensive. Insecticide impregnated ear tags help prevent ear infesting ticks fairly well. For more information see Texas Extension publication For non-cattle infestations controlling tick-infested vegetation around the home and using contact residual insecticides in the spring on the fringe areas of the yard when ticks are most abundant reduces tick infestation of children, adults, and pets. Insect repellents for humans and shampoos or collars containing insecticide for pets can help control or reduce tick infestations. Subscribe to Eddy County Ag news at: Eddy County Extension Service, New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and educator. All programs are available to everyone regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. New Mexico State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Eddy County Government Cooperating.

Thursday, June 1, 2017

Wild Life Meeting Carlsbad June 6, 7:00 pm

Wildlife meeting On June 6 Tues there will be a meeting concerning wildlife issues with NMSU Cooperative Extension Specialist Dr. Sam Smallidge at 7:00 pm in the auditorium of the Eddy County Cooperative Extension Service, 1304 West Stevens. In his presentation, Dr. Smallidge will be discussing a variety of topics depending on the needs and wants of those in attendance. He will discuss rattlesnakes, around the home. Gophers control in landscape and farms, squirrels and if time permits birds. This is a great opportunity to get advice from a very good speaker and knowledgeable person. If you plan to attend, contact and /or if you are in need of special assistance due to a disability in order to participate please contact the Eddy County Extension Office 887-6595 or 1-877-8876595 before June 2. Subscribe to Eddy County Ag news at: Eddy County Extension Service, New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and educator. All programs are available to everyone regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. New Mexico State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Eddy County Government Cooperating.

New Mexico Water Resources Research Institute hosts conference in Las Cruces in June

New Mexico Water Resources Research Institute hosts conference in Las Cruces in June DATE: 05/31/2017 WRITER: Kristie Garcia, 575-646-4211, CONTACT: Jesslyn Ratliff, 575-646-1194, The New Mexico Water Resources Research Institute at New Mexico State University is hosting the New Mexico Evapotranspiration Conference June 6 and 7 at the Las Cruces Convention Center. The New Mexico Evapotranspiration Conference program is designed to help choose an evapotranspiration model for the New Mexico Statewide Water Assessment (SWA). Discussion amongst the experts at the conference will aid in this decision. The SWA is a three-year project that has been supported by the New Mexico Governor and the New Mexico Legislature. The SWA is an effort that will complement existing state agency water resource assessments. It will provide new, frequently updated, spatially representative assessments of water budgets for the entire state of New Mexico. Evapotranspiration (ET) is one of the components of the model. ET is the process by which water is transferred from the land to the atmosphere by evaporation from the soil and other surfaces and by transpiration from plants. The conference will address how other states are using ET and what has been learned. Discussions will include the latest ET developments, how land-management practices can be impacted by ET estimates and why obtaining better ET data is important. The conference is 8 a.m to 5 p.m. June 6. The conference begins at 8 a.m. June 7 and concludes with a field trip to NMSU’s Leyendecker Research Center starting at 12:45 p.m. Field trip participants will view ET measurement techniques, a new weather station and an alfalfa field. Conference presenters and moderators are from Arizona State University, Elephant Butte Irrigation District, Jornada Experimental Range, Kipp & Zonen, NASA, New Mexico Office of the State Engineer, New Mexico Pecan Growers, New Mexico Tech, New Mexico Water Resources Research Institute, NMSU Department of Animal and Range Sciences (College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences), NMSU Department of Civil Engineering (College of Engineering), University of Idaho, University of Maryland, University of New Mexico, U.S. Department of Agriculture Southwest Climate Hub and U.S. Geological Survey. For a complete agenda and list of speakers, visit Registration is $55 and includes three meals. For those only attending the field trip, registration is $20 and includes transportation and lunch. To register for the conference, visit For more information, call 575-646-1194 or email The New Mexico Water Resources Research Institute was established in 1963 by the New Mexico Legislature and approved under the 1964 Water Resources Research Act. The NM WRRI funds research conducted by faculty and students from universities across the state to address water problems critical to New Mexico and the Southwest. The institute also participates in joint efforts to solve water-related problems along the U.S./Mexico border. Visit for more information. - 30 - Follow NMSU News on Twitter: Follow NMSU News on Facebook:

Public Informaton and Hearing on listing of the Texas Horn Shell muscell on the Balck River Eddy County NM

A public informational session from 5:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m., followed by a public hearing from 6:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. on June 15, 2017, At the Pecos River Conference center in Carlsbad, New Mexico

Federal Register on proposed rules Texas Horn Shell mussel

24654 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 102 / Tuesday, May 30, 2017 / Proposed Rules DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service 50 CFR Part 17 [Docket No. FWS–R2–ES–2016–0077; 4500030113] RIN 1018–BB34 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Endangered Species Status for the Texas Hornshell AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Proposed rule; reopening of comment period; public hearings. SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), announce the reopening of the comment period for our August 10, 2016, proposed rule to list the Texas hornshell (Popenaias popeii) as an endangered species under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act). We also are notifying the public that we have scheduled informational meetings followed by public hearings on the proposed rule. Comments previously submitted on the proposal need not be resubmitted, as they are already incorporated into the public record and will be fully considered in our final determination. DATES: Written comments: The comment period on the proposed rule that published August 10, 2016 (81 FR 52796), is reopened. We request that comments on the proposal be submitted on or before June 29, 2017. Comments submitted electronically using the Federal eRulemaking Portal (see ADDRESSES section, below) must be received by 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on the closing date. Public meetings and hearings: We will hold two public informational sessions and public hearings on the proposed listing rule: (1) A public informational session from 5:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m., followed by a public hearing from 6:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. on June 13, 2017, in Laredo, Texas (see ADDRESSES); and (2) A public informational session from 5:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m., followed by a public hearing from 6:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. on June 15, 2017, in Carlsbad, New Mexico (see ADDRESSES). People needing reasonable accommodations in order to attend and participate in the public meetings should contact the Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office, at 281– 286–8282, as soon as possible (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT). In order to allow sufficient time to process requests, please call no later than 1 week before the meeting date. ADDRESSES: Document availability: You may obtain copies of the proposed rule and Species Status Assessment Report on the Internet at http:// at Docket No. FWS–R2–ES–2016–0077, or by mail from the Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT). Written comments: You may submit comments by one of the following methods: (1) Electronically: Go to the Federal eRulemaking Portal: http:// In the Search box, enter FWS–R2–ES–2016–0077. You may submit a comment by clicking on ‘‘Comment Now!’’ (2) By hard copy: Submit by U.S. mail or hand-delivery to: Public Comments Processing, Attn: FWS–R2–ES–2016– 0077; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Headquarters, MS: BPHC, 5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041–3803. We request that you send comments only by the methods described above. We will post all comments on http:// VerDate This generally means that we will post any personal information you provide us (see the Information Requested section below for more information) Public meetings and hearings: The public informational meetings will be held on the following dates and locations: 1. A public informational session from 5:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m., followed by a public hearing from 6:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. at Student Center Ballroom #203, Texas A&M International University, 5201 University Blvd., Laredo, Texas 78041, on June 13, 2017. 2. A public informational session from 5:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m., followed by a public hearing from 6:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. at the Pecos River Village Conference Center, 711 Muscatel Ave., Carlsbad, NM 88220, on June 15, 2017. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Chuck Ardizzone, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office, 17629 El Camino Real #211, Houston, TX 77058; by telephone 281–286–8282; or by facsimile 281–488–5882. Persons who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Relay Service at 800–877–8339.

Thursday, May 25, 2017

NMSU Extension hosts large animal rescue training for emergency response teams

NMSU Extension hosts large animal rescue training for emergency response teams DATE: 05/25/2017 WRITER: Jane Moorman, 505-249-0527, CONTACT: John Allen, 575-835-0610, The emergency call comes into the 911 center: a horse and its rider have fallen into a deep arroyo and the horse is laying on the person. Another call asks for help getting a horse out of a water-filled drainage ditch. A third call tells of a livestock trailer that has rolled over during a traffic accident. These may seem like scenes from a television show, but they are real-life scenarios where emergency response personnel must be ready to respond. Sarah Jucha of Bernalillo County Animal Control said it’s not uncommon to get calls to rescue large animals. “We get them all the time,” Jucha said. “I’ve had to get horses out of ditches. It can be tricky if you haven’t had training.” New Mexico State University’s College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences hosted a three-day training in April to provide an opportunity for emergency response and agriculture personnel to train together prior to an actual emergency. Hosted by NMSU’s Cooperative Extension Service county offices in Dona Ana and Socorro counties and funded by New Mexico’s Department of Homeland Security, the training addressed awareness, operations and technical methods. “The training provided practical consideration, behavioral understanding, specialty equipment techniques, methodologies and tactics behind the safe extraction of a live, large animal from entrapments in an emergency situation,” said Teresa Dean, NMSU CES agent in Dona Ann County. Rebecca Gimenez of Technical Large Animal Emergency Rescue in Macon, Georgia, led the training. Gimenez was called upon to conduct the training after Jessica Smith, former CES agricultural agent in Socorro County, took Gimenez’s class in Georgia. “Jessica came back from our training and convinced the county emergency management to purchase an A-frame bi-pod hoist system and ropes for rescues, and a 600-pound horse mannequin for training,” Gimenez said. The horse mannequin allowed participants to practice techniques for handling the animal, such as putting straps on the animal to be lifted out of mud or water, or strapping the sedated horse to a sledge to be hauled out of a deep ravine. “It’s one thing to practice on a lightweight stand-in for a horse, it’s another thing to have to pull a 1,000-pound horse out of a steep ravine or hoist them out of water,” Gimenez said. “The mannequin gives the trainees a realistic experience.” The first two days of training in Las Cruces introduced participants to the proper handling of cattle and horses and how to use a fire extinguisher in case of a barn fire; to properly use an A-frame bi-pod hoist and rope pulley system; and how to rescue a horse from a roll-over trailer accident and from a burning barn. During the technical training in Socorro County, participants had to rescue a mannequin human and horse from a 100-foot ravine, and a horse from a swift-water drainage ditch. “This was just an introduction into the types of scenarios that they might face,” Gimenez said. “You never know who will be present to help in an emergency. It could be yourself and two other people. Or you could be lucky to have a team that includes EMTs and veterinarians.” Participating in the training were firefighters from Las Cruces, Dona Ana County, Radium Springs, Sunland Park and Socorro; animal control officers from Deming, Dona Ana County, Las Cruces, Village of Los Ranchos de Albuquerque and Bernalillo County; Extension agents from Luna, Otero, Dona Ana and Socorro counties; veterinarians from Las Cruces, Edgewood and Magdalena; Back Country Horsemen members from Edgewood; NMSU livestock specialist Marcy Ward; and NMSU students. - 30 - Follow NMSU News on Twitter: Follow NMSU News on Facebook:

Tuesday, May 23, 2017

Statement from Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue on the Proposed FY 2018 Budget

Email: Statement from Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue on the Proposed FY 2018 Budget (Washington, D.C., May 23, 2017) – Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue today issued the following statement on the proposed FY 2018 budget: “President Trump promised he would realign government spending, attempt to eliminate duplication or redundancy, and see that all government agencies are efficiently delivering services to the taxpayers of America. And that’s exactly what we are going to do at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). “Having been the governor of Georgia from 2003 to 2011 – not during the best economic times – we did what it took to get the job done, just like the people involved in every aspect of American agriculture do every single day. While the President’s budget fully funds nutrition programs, wildland fire suppression and food safety, and includes several new initiatives and increases for Rural Development, whatever form the final budget takes, it is my job as Secretary of Agriculture to manage and implement that plan, while still fulfilling the core mission of USDA,” said Secretary Perdue. Background: Earlier today, Secretary Perdue sent the following video message to all USDA employees:


STORM DAMAGED CROPS Several areas throughout Eddy County have been hit with violent storms producing heavy winds and/or hail. Damage to vegetable crops by severe wind and hail includes leaf defoliation, leaf tearing and shredding, stem breakage, stem bruising and wounding, loss of flowers and small fruit, and fruit bruising and wounding. Effects of storm damage on vegetable crops and recovery of crops will depend on a number of factors including the type of vegetable, stage of growth, weather conditions immediately after storms, and prevalence of disease organisms. Continued hot, wet conditions after storm events pose the most risk by increasing disease incidence, particularly bacterial diseases. While hot dry weather is not favorable to disease organism. Defoliation reduces leaf area and plants will need to grow new leaves from buds (for vegetables such as vine crops where this is possible). It will take several weeks to replace the leaf area lost. This will cause delays in maturity. If crops are more advanced, loss of leaf area can reduce fruit or storage organ quality (reduced sugars). Fruit or storage organ size may or may not be affected. Leaf area recovery (growing new leaves) will be aided by additional nitrogen applications after the storm event. In crops such as sweet corn that cannot grow new leaves, research has shown that hail damage will reduce marketable ears and overall tonnage if leaf damage occurs in vegetative stages or at silking. Leaf loss near harvest will have minimal effects. Fruit bruising or wounding often causes the most severe losses in crops such as tomatoes. Fruits may be rendered unmarketable or of reduced grade. Wounds can also increase the incidence of some fruit diseases and storage rots. In particular, bacterial rots that normally are minimal may be increased in damaged fruits. In plants such as tomatoes, it is advised to remove damaged fruits from plants. These fruits are likely to be unmarketable and will just be a drain on food resources produced by the plant. By removing damaged fruits, remaining uninjured fruits will have access to more photosynthates being produced by the plant. Stem breakage or injury can lead to major losses in some fruiting crops such as peppers by loss of fruiting area as well as increased sunburn as plants are opened up. Many vining crops will recover significantly from stem breakage by producing new branches, although production will be delayed. Losses of flowers or small fruit may limit yield potential and delay crop harvest in many vegetable crops. Beans that are flowering are particularly susceptible and flower loss due to storms may lead to split sets. Damaged plant tissue also can affect healthy surrounding tissue. As cell contents leak, enzymes, oxidative compounds, and other reactive chemicals are released that can injury surrounding cells. Age and stage of development of plants will also be a factor in the overall impact of storm damage. A good example is with bean plants. In the case of hail, the bean plant is considered dead if it is in the cotyledon stage and is cut off below the cotyledons, or if the cotyledon is damaged by hail to such a degree that they have no green leaf tissue or re-growth. The reason is that nutrients and food reserves in the cotyledons supply the needs of the young plant during emergence and for about seven to 10 days after emergence, or until there is one fully-developed trifoliolate leaf. Cotyledons are the first photosynthetic organs of the bean seedling and are also major contributors for seedling growth. Unlike corn, whose growing point is below ground until it reaches V5-V6, the growing point for beans is between the cotyledons and moves above the soil surface at emergence. This makes beans particularly susceptible to damage from hail, or anything that cuts the plant off below the cotyledons early in its life. Stand reductions are likely to follow hailstorms. If the first trifoliate leaf is formed, photosynthesis by the developing leaves is adequate for the plant to sustain itself. Of immediate concern after storms will be bacterial diseases on susceptible crops. Bacterial diseases have been shown to be more severe after storm damage as they can readily enter through wounds. Including copper products in spray programs after storm injury is recommended to limit bacterial diseases. In North Carolina research, peppers were shown to have increased bacterial spot after hail. Use of copper fungicides with maneb limited the effect of bacterial spot in these hail damaged peppers. There has been some non-scientific based recommendation to use peroxide based fungicide/bacteriacide products after storm events. These products kill what they contact and have no residual. There may be some reduction in the numbers of disease organisms on plant surfaces; however, there is little research to show major benefits after storm damage. General recommendations for storm damaged vegetables are to first evaluate the extent of the damage. According to the stage of the crop and extent of damage, determine if the crop can be salvaged. For commercial crops including cotton crop insurance adjusters are trained to evaluate storm damage in many crops and should be contacted immediately for insured crops. For crops that will be salvaged or kept, consider applying additional nitrogen to encourage new growth where appropriate. Apply fungicides and include copper compounds where bacterial diseases are of concern. Subscribe to Eddy County Ag news at: Eddy County Extension Service, New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and educator. All programs are available to everyone regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. New Mexico State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Eddy County Government Cooperating.

Office closed Wendsday pm and Thursday

The Eddy County Extension Office will be on bereavement leave from 12 noon on Wednesday until 8:00 Fri morning the office will not be open.

Thursday, May 18, 2017

NMSU College of ACES evaluates agricultural science center system

NMSU College of ACES evaluates agricultural science center system DATE: 05/18/2017 WRITER: Jane Moorman, 505-249-0527, CONTACT: Rolando A. Flores, 575-646-3748, Public concern regarding New Mexico State University potentially closing two agricultural science centers has stimulated the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences to conduct a self-evaluation of the 12 centers around the state. “At this time we are not closing any centers; that would be the last recourse, but it is on the table,” said College of ACES Dean Rolando A. Flores. “In a time of low budgets, we need to rationalize and properly manage our resources.” During visits with the advisory boards at each agricultural science center, Flores explained the evaluation process the college has begun. “We have formed a committee to determine ways we can operate the research centers more efficiently as a whole, while reaching our goal of providing applied science that the agricultural producers may use in their operations to position themselves for success,” Flores said. The committee includes individuals from the private industry, some agricultural science center superintendents, college department heads and faculty members. “Our agricultural science centers need to be as self-sufficient as possible; research is not free,” Flores said. “It is critical that faculty members submit grant proposals, and they are doing it. However, at the national level, funding sources have decreased while the amount of people applying for funding has increased.” The alternative for the College of ACES is to do as other universities have done – turn to the private sector for partnerships. “We need to start looking at different approaches as to how we fund research,” he said. “We need more involvement with private industry participating in research, sponsoring research.” Under Flores’ leadership the entire college is conducting an extensive self-evaluation to determine the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of each department and program, including the Cooperative Extension Service within each county and the 12 agricultural science centers around the state. “As with any organization involving 700 employees, we are finding issues and we are working to solve them,” Flores said. “As an engine for the economic and community development of New Mexico, we are committed to use efficient systems with considerable positive impact in the state.” - 30 -

Last Chance to Register USDA PARTNERING FOR INNOVATION Funding Opportunities for Agribusinesses

For many ag-entrepreneurs and innovators, finding capital can be quite an odyssey. Having the right existing relationships and knowing where to look is more than half the battle. Fortunately, there are several grants and programs geared toward fueling agri-businesses. Attend this information session on May 18th from 11:00am-12:00pm to learn about U.S. Department of Agriculture-Rural Development financial and technical assistance programs for ag-entrepreneurs. This event is free and open to the public, but registration is required. Learn more and register at ABOUT THE SPEAKER Clyde F. Hudson is the Community Development Coordinator for U.S. Department of Agriculture, Rural Development in New Mexico.

USDA Certifies Another Rural Business Investment Fund Fund to Help Capitalize Small Rural Businesses

Weldon Freeman (202) 690-1384 USDA Certifies Another Rural Business Investment Fund Fund to Help Capitalize Small Rural Businesses WASHINGTON, May 18, 2017 – Acting Deputy Under Secretary Roger Glendenning today announced that USDA has certified the Innova Ag Innovation Fund IV LP as an investment pool for small and startup rural businesses. “This certification is another tool USDA provides to help rural businesses, to create jobs and to attract private-sector capital to rural communities,” Glendenning said. “Geography should not be a barrier to economic success. This pool will offer rural business owners the same access to capital as their counterparts in metropolitan areas.” The fund will support 30 to 45 companies that have the potential to generate more than $200 million in economic activity and create 600 jobs. It will provide capital for high-growth companies in the biosciences, technology and agricultural technology industries. The fund is the second USDA has certified under the Rural Business Investment Program (RBIP). RBIP funds support USDA’s strategy for rural economic growth. For a fund to receive USDA certification, its managers must demonstrate that they have venture capital experience and that they have successfully worked with community development organizations. The Ag Innovation Fund is being managed by Innova Memphis RBIC, LLC. Innova has three other funds that are not part of the Rural Business Investment Program. Those three funds collectively have invested $20 million in 75 startup companies, attracted $90 million of outside capital and created approximately 250 jobs. Farm Credit System members are contributing $31 million to the Ag Innovation Fund. The Farm Credit System is a nationwide network of banks and lenders specifically chartered to serve agriculture and the U.S. rural economy. USDA Rural Development provides loans and grants to help expand economic opportunities and create jobs in rural areas. This assistance supports infrastructure improvements; business development; homeownership; community services such as schools, public safety and health care; and high-speed internet access in rural areas. For more information, visit

Thursday, May 11, 2017

Bryce Bowerman Eddy County 4-H Alumni

Bryce Bowerman, an incredible son, brother, and friend who always lent a hand to anyone in need, passed on April 29, 2017. His parents, Matt and Brandi, and sister Kyler, were blessed to have him for twenty years that were lived to the fullest. Bryce's love for people was infectious--he never knew a stranger. Bryce was a dedicated member of the FFA organization and continued to mentor as an Aggie at NMSU, leading and encouraging younger FFA members to reach their potential. He was happiest outdoors, especially hunting and fishing. He enjoyed ranch work and working with animals. He loved and appreciated the communities he lived in and the many opportunities that they gave him. Bryce’s final gift of compassion was through his decision to help others as an organ donor. We love you, “Nice” Bryce. Bryce’s Memorial Services will be Saturday, May 13 at 11 AM at the Eddy County Fairgrounds (3402 S 13th St, Artesia, NM). The family has requested that any donations be made to a memorial scholarship to the NMSU's College of ACES that has been established in Bryce's name. Donations can be made at

The May 1 water supply forecasts for the western U.S.

The May 1 water supply forecasts for the western U.S. show well above average streamflow from California to Montana. States across this area are forecast for above 180% of normal runoff from the large snowpack in the region. In addition, most of the Pacific Northwest is forecast to be above average, whereas a few stations, mainly in Montana, South Dakota, Colorado, southern Utah, and New Mexico, are forecast to be below average

Secretary Perdue Announces Creation of Undersecretary for Trade Reorganization of USDA Elevates Rural Development as Department Priority

Cincinnati, OH – May 11, 2017) – U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue today announced the creation of an undersecretary for trade and foreign agricultural affairs in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), a recognition of the ever-increasing importance of international trade to American agriculture. Perdue made the announcement standing by barges filled with agricultural products along the banks of the Ohio River. As part of a reorganization of USDA, Perdue also announced the standing up of a newly-named Farm Production and Conservation mission area to have a customer focus and meet USDA constituents in the field. Finally, Perdue announced that the department’s Rural Development agencies would be elevated to report directly to the secretary of agriculture in recognition of the need to help promote rural prosperity. Perdue issued a report to announce the changes, which address Congressional direction in the 2014 Farm Bill to create the new undersecretary for trade and also are a down payment on President Trump’s request of his cabinet to deliver plans to improve the accountability and customer service provided by departments. “Food is a noble thing to trade. This nation has a great story to tell and we've got producers here that produce more than we can consume,” said Secretary Perdue. “And that’s good, because I’m a grow-it-and-sell-it kind of guy. Our people in American agriculture have shown they can grow it, and we’re here to sell it in markets all around the world.” Undersecretary for Trade and Foreign Agricultural Affairs Agricultural trade is critical for the U.S. farm sector and the American economy as a whole. U.S. agricultural and food exports account for 20 percent of the value of production, and every dollar of these exports creates another $1.27 in business activity. Additionally, every $1 billion in U.S. agricultural exports supports approximately 8,000 American jobs across the entire American economy. As the global marketplace becomes even more competitive every day, the United States must position itself in the best way possible to retain its standing as a world leader. “Our plan to establish an undersecretary for trade fits right in line with my goal to be American agriculture’s unapologetic advocate and chief salesman around the world. By working side by side with our U.S. Trade Representative and Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross, the USDA undersecretary for trade will ensure that American producers are well equipped to sell their products and feed the world,” Perdue said. USDA’s reorganization seeks to place agencies in more logical order. Under the existing structure, the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), which deals with overseas markets, and the Farm Service Agency (FSA), which handles domestic issues, were housed under one mission area, along with the Risk Management Agency (RMA). It makes much more sense to situate FAS under the new undersecretary for trade, where staff can sharpen their focus on foreign markets. Undersecretary for Farm Production and Conservation Additionally, a new undersecretary will be selected for a newly-named Farm Production and Conservation mission area, which is to focus on domestic agricultural issues. Locating FSA, RMA, and the Natural Resources Conservation Service under this domestically-oriented undersecretary will provide a simplified one-stop shop for USDA’s primary customers, the men and women farming, ranching, and foresting across America. “The men and women of American agriculture are hardy people, many of whom were born into the calling of feeding America and the world,” Perdue said. “Their efforts are appreciated, and this adjustment to the USDA structure will help us help them in even better ways than before.” Under the reorganization plan, the undersecretary for natural resources and environment will retain supervision of the U.S. Forest Service. A reduction in USDA workforce is not part of the reorganization plan. Elevating Rural Development Just as importantly, the USDA reorganization will elevate the Rural Development agencies to report directly to the secretary of agriculture to ensure that rural America always has a seat at the table. Fighting poverty wherever it exists is a challenge facing the U.S., and the reality is that nearly 85 percent of America's persistently impoverished counties are in rural areas. Rural childhood poverty rates are at their highest point since 1986, affecting one in four rural children, with deep poverty among children being more prevalent in rural areas (12.2 percent) than in urban areas (9.2 percent). The vitality of small towns across our nation is crucial to the future of the agricultural economy and USDA must always argue for the needs of rural America. “The economic health of small towns across America is crucial to the future of the agriculture economy. It is my commitment to always argue for the needs of rural America, which is why we are elevating Rural Development within USDA,” said Secretary Perdue. “No doubt, the opportunity we have here at the USDA in rural development is unmatched.” USDA’s report detailing the reorganization was transmitted to Congress this morning. You may click here to view the report on the USDA website. USDA employees and members of the public may comment on the reorganization plan by visiting this page hosted by the White House.

USDA Announces $300,000 to Support America’s Forest and Rangeland Resources

USDA Announces $300,000 to Support America’s Forest and Rangeland Resources Media contact: Sally Gifford, 202-720-2047 WASHINGTON, D.C. May 11, 2017 - The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced the availability of $300,000 in funding to support America’s forest landowners and ranchers. The grants are being funded through the Renewable Resources Extension Act – National Focus Fund Projects (RREA-NFF), administered by NIFA. “More than half of forest lands in the United States are privately owned,” said NIFA Director Sonny Ramaswamy. “NIFA investments in extension forestry and rangelands education programs help ranchers, farmers, land managers, and scientists make informed decisions about how to use and sustain these natural resources.” Forest and rangeland resources include vegetation, water, fisheries and wildlife, soil, and recreation. Renewable Resources Extension Act – National Focus Fund Projects seek to enhance the sustainability of the nation’s forest and rangeland resources and enable landowners and managers to achieve their desired goals and objectives by making resource management decisions based on sound research findings. Projects will support the capacity of the Cooperative Extension System – Extension Forestry and Rangeland Programs to educate private forestland owners and ranchers and contribute to well-managed forests and rangelands. The deadline for applications is July 10, 2017 See the request for applications for more details. Among previously funded projects, the University of Georgia is developing curricula and training to help extension agents better serve the needs of forestland owners and managers. Clemson University Cooperative Extension hosted a summit to investigate alternative markets for local wood, which can lead to healthier forests and rural economic development. The average age of a forest landowner is over sixty years old, and a recent Penn State University project looked at the issue of intergenerational land transfer to help landowning families preserve forests and address other challenges such as invasive species. NIFA invests in and advances agricultural research, education, and extension and promotes transformative discoveries that solve societal challenges. NIFA support for the best and brightest scientists and extension personnel has resulted in user-inspired, groundbreaking discoveries that combat childhood obesity, improve and sustain rural economic growth, address water availability issues, increase food production, find new sources of energy, mitigate climate variability and ensure food safety. To learn more about NIFA’s impact on agricultural science, visit, sign up for email updates or follow us on Twitter @USDA_NIFA, #NIFAimpacts. # USDA is an equal opportunity lender, provider and employer.

NMDA works to change the organic certification fee structure.

NMDA works to change the organic certification fee structure. For Immediate Release: May 11, 2017 Contact: Shelby Herrera 575-646-3007 office (LAS CRUCES, N.M.) – In January, New Mexico’s organic industry traveled to the legislature in Santa Fe to meet with state representatives about a change to an existing fee structure for Organic Certification. A new equitable and sustainable fee structure, which standardizes the New Mexico Department of Agriculture’s organic department’s program, with other accrediting programs across the nation, is being written. This came after members of the New Mexico Organic Industry initiated this legislation. The New Mexico Department of Agriculture will hold public meetings in Las Cruces, Portales, Santa Fe and Albuquerque. During these meetings the new structure will be explained and they hope to receive community input on the proposed changes to the New Mexico Organic Program. Meetings for the community to attend, have been scheduled across the state. Meetings will be:  Monday, May 22, 2017 from 1 to 3 p.m., at the New Mexico Department of Agriculture office in Las Cruces;  Tuesday, May 23, 2017 from 3 to 5 p.m., at the Roosevelt County Extension Office;  Wednesday, May 24, 2017 from 10 a.m. to noon, at the Santa Fe County Extension Office;  And Wednesday, May 24, 2017 from 3:30 to 5:30 p.m. at the USDA State Office in Albuquerque. If you have any questions or for more information, please contact David Lucero at 575-646-4929

How Do You Select the Appropriate Herbicide to Control Weeds in Your Area

May 2017 How Do You Select the Appropriate Herbicide to Control Weeds in Your Area U) How Do You Select the Appropriate Herbicide to Control Weeds in Your Area? Always Consider the Labeled Active Ingredients of each Product Rather than the Trade Name Spring is in the air, which is also the time for focusing on the management of weeds germinating within lawns that are coming out of winter dormancy. If you are located in the southern regions of New Mexico you’ve probably had summer annual weeds germinating for a few months now. However, both daytime and nighttime temperatures are still within the ideal range to prompt the continued germination of these summer weeds over the next couple of months. In contrast, the more northern portions of the state are probably starting to notice the summer annual weeds germinating within the past few weeks which will also continue through the spring and summer months. Regardless of your location, this time of year is a great reminder of how important it is to read herbicide product labels, both synthetic and organic, prior to every application. When trying to select the right herbicide for your weed management needs at your local garden center, there are two names at the top of every label to take into consideration. One is the trade name, also known as the brand name. Every manufacturer has a trade name for their products which are the registered trademark name for their specific product. A great example is the trade name ‘Roundup’ which is given by the company to products that they manufacture which traditionally contained the herbicide glyphosate in some measurable quantity. Another product with the trade name ‘Eliminator: Weed and Grass Killer’ is manufactured by a different company, but it contains the same herbicide. The second, and most important, name to consider when choosing or applying an herbicide is the active ingredient. The active ingredient (a.i.) is the chemical or chemicals in a synthetic or organic herbicide product that is responsible for the injury which ultimately controls the target weed. In the case of the two products mentioned above, ‘Roundup’ and ‘Eliminator’ the active ingredient that actually controls the weed is glyphosate, which is available under numerous different trade names. It is important at all times when purchasing, and most certainly when applying, any synthetic or organic herbicide to pay special attention to the active ingredients within the product. Remember, it is these active ingredients that will be responsible for the control of your target weed. A great example of the importance of reading the label, and paying more attention to the active ingredients over the company trade name, can be observed in a new product on the shelves called ‘Roundup for Lawns’. Since ‘Roundup’ is so commonly associated with the active ingredient glyphosate, it is possible that this new product may be applied incorrectly if the label directions are not followed. ‘Roundup for Lawns’ does not contain glyphosate, which injures both grasses and broadleaf plants…instead the active ingredients could include: MCPA, quinclorac, dicamba, sulfentrazone, and/or penoxsulam. These active ingredients are used to specifically injure broadleaf weeds while causing minimal damage to the surrounding desirable turfgrass. There are multiple readily-available herbicide products that contain combinations of these active ingredients, such as ‘Weed-b-Gon’, ‘Spectricide’, and ‘Touch Up’. If the directions specifically contained within that product’s label are not followed when making an application, not only will it not result in the expected injury or control of your weeds, these active ingredients may also have the potential to cause unintended injury to surrounding desirable vegetation (i.e. trees, shrubs, horticulture plants, gardens). Why trying to choose the most appropriate herbicide for your weed control needs, it is important to remember that the label is the law! To avoid unintentional injury and ensure a safe and effective application, it is imperative to always, always, always read and follow the directions/restrictions specified within the label. Disclaimer: Trade/brand names appearing in publications are for information purposes only. The author and New Mexico State University assume no liability resulting from their use. No endorsement is intended, nor is criticism implied of similar products not mentioned. By law, persons using such products assume responsibility for their use in accordance with current label directions of the manufacturer.

Wednesday, May 10, 2017

New NMSU publicaon on gestaton and stress on Ewes.

The following CES publication is now available online in PDF format. Guide B-411: Effects of Stress from Predation in Gestating Ewes—A Case Study M.A. Ward, A.F. Summers, S.L. Rosasco, J.K. Beard, S.A. Soto-Navarro, and D.M. Hallford

What to do when cattle get attacked by a snake

What to do when cattle get attacked by a snake Although it’s not common, cattle and horses get snake-bitten every summer. Here’s how to deal with it. By Heather Smith Thomas | Jul 07, 2016 A cool, wet spring has transformed into the heat of summer. While that means easier living for both you and your cattle, it’s still prudent to keep your eyes peeled for the hidden and well-camouflaged danger lurking behind a pair of snake eyes. Indeed, you roll the dice when poisonous snakes are around. The rattlesnake is the most common poisonous snake in the U.S. It belongs to a family of snakes called pit vipers that have heat-sensing organs on their heads, which help them locate prey. Other pit vipers include copperheads and cottonmouth, also called water moccasin. The rattlesnake usually gives a warning when an animal or person approaches, unless the rattles are wet; but copperheads and sometimes rattlesnakes may just try to hide — and then you or a cow or your horse might step on them and get bitten. The danger/potency of a bite depends on amount of venom injected and the type of toxin — which can vary, depending on the species or variety of snake. It also makes a difference where the bite is located. A bite on the leg is usually not as dangerous as a bite on the face. Swelling from a bite on the nose, for instance, may cause death from suffocation if it shuts off the air passages and the animal cannot breathe. Matt Miesner, associate professor in the Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine, says large animals like cattle are rarely killed by snakebite because the amount of venom per unit of body is small. “They are less apt to suffer heart failure, kidney failure or all the other things that might be more dangerous for a person or smaller animal,” he says. Often, the toxins from a bite result in damaged tissue and a lot of necrotic (dead) tissue and infection. Sometimes the infection may go systemic (septicemia, or blood poisoning). cattlewomen 65 Photos That Celebrate Cowgirls & Cattlewomen Ranch women are often the backbones of our cattle operations. Enjoy these stunning photos here. “I’ve seen two calves with black, necrotic, swollen areas on the abdomen, where I suspect they were bitten when they lay down on or near a snake. These calves were very sick, and the necrotic tissue was sloughing off. Both of these calves died; the infection was too severe for them to recover. With their smaller body mass, they were more seriously affected than an adult cow might be,” he says. Rob Callan, head of livestock veterinary services at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital at Colorado State University, says the good thing is that most cattle don’t seem to get too “nosy” with rattlesnakes. “Most bites are on the lower legs, unless it’s a curious individual that approaches the snake to smell it. A bite on the leg shows up as a swollen leg. The biggest problem would be infection in those tissues,” he says. The immediate problem with face or nose bites is suffocation, since snakebite can cause rapid, severe swelling. Immediate treatment and monitoring are key, as is keeping the animals confined so they don’t have to walk. If they can’t breathe well, you don’t want them exerting. Breathing emergency “With a bite on the nose, we often must find an alternate breathing route, and sometimes this means a tracheotomy to allow the animal to breathe while the swelling goes down,” Callan explains. Jacques Fuselier, a veterinarian with the Whittington Veterinary Clinic, Abbeville, La., says that if you can catch a nose bite early enough, when tissues are just starting to swell, a veterinarian can put an endotracheal tube with a cuff into the nasal passage to keep it open, while giving treatment to reduce the swelling. “If the veterinarian can’t get there quickly, you could use a piece of hose,” he says. For a calf, use smaller tubing. This can be left in until the swelling goes down. “A piece of hose can be pushed up each nostril, all the way through the nasal passages, to maintain an open airway before they swell shut,” Callan says. The tube or hose should be secured with tape or a string on the outside to keep it from sliding in or out, or being inhaled into the trachea, or swallowed. If the swelling is too advanced and airways are already squeezed shut and the animal can’t breathe, an emergency tracheotomy is necessary. It’s best if this can be done by a veterinarian, but if there is no way to have the veterinarian get there in time, you may have to do it to save the animal. “Be as clean as possible, and make a vertical incision through the skin, along the windpipe, right in the middle of the throat—so you can get down to the rings of the trachea,” says Fuselier. “Then use your fingers to open that slit a bit wider side to side, so you can make a stab incision between the rings [a bit like slicing between the ribs of a vacuum cleaner hose]. If that’s not enough of a hole to let air go in and out, make a cut in a small circle, remove a portion of the cartilage ring to make a bigger hole.” Often a pocketknife stab is enough between the rings to get it open for air flow. “If necessary, slip a small piece of hose or tube into that hole to keep it open. This buys the animal time until the veterinarian arrives and can take it from there,” says Fuselier. After the bite “If you see the animal bitten, or suspect it was bitten, treat with an antibiotic,” says Callan. “There are bacteria in the snake’s mouth, and bacteria that proliferate in damaged, dying tissue.” Most common antibiotics will work to prevent and combat these infections; you can use penicillin, oxytetracycline, florfenicol, ampicillin or any other broad-spectrum antibiotic. Some animals develop a fever and/or septicemia from the infection; antibiotics can help prevent these problems. Immediate treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce inflammation, pain and swelling can make a big difference, but it’s sometimes hard to treat cattle early because you might not see them as soon as you might notice a snake-bitten pet. “In humans, treatment within the first couple of hours is generally accomplished, but we rarely get that opportunity with cattle,” says Miesner. “There are antivenom products that work, but those need to be infused within the first few hours. They are expensive, and they don’t cover every type of snakebite,” he says. These products are not very practical for adult cattle because it would take multiple vials for an animal this large. Cold therapy, such as cool water from a garden hose, dexamethasone, DMSO or similar products can often help. “There are regulations regarding DMSO, but used as a topical it’s still OK,” Miesner says. “Use caution with DMSO topically on devitalized tissues, however, as this may result in absorption of contaminants and worsening of systemic disease.” He suggests you check with your veterinarian. “We generally prefer to use steroids to help prevent or reduce swelling and inflammation. It is important to control swelling and pain, because a snakebite is horribly painful,” Miesner says. “We don’t recommend the old treatment of slicing across a bite area and sucking out the venom. It generally doesn’t work. But after the area becomes necrotic, we may have to open it up and debride it to get rid of dead tissue that serves as a source of more infection,” says Miesner. If the head is so swollen that the animal has trouble eating and drinking, you might have to provide fluid and nutrients via stomach tube. “Another thing we can do with cattle that can’t eat is create a port through the cow’s side into the rumen, and put feed directly into the rumen, but usually the swelling can be reduced quickly enough that we don’t have to do something this involved,” he says. But it might not be snakebite Glennon Mays, a veterinarian at Texas A&M University, says that a suspected snakebite could turn out to be something else. Swelling on a lower leg, for instance, is more often due to foot rot or another infection than to snakebite. “Animal owners over the years have asked me to look at lumps on jaws, faces, necks and other body parts, swollen legs and feet, believing their animal has suffered snakebite. Snakebite wounds have a fairly typical appearance, and often some bleeding. Signs vary, depending on the length of time transpired since the bite occurred, the environmental temperature, the amount of venom and other factors that might affect the appearance of the affected area,” he says. “Often, a swelling the owner is worried about turns out to be an abscess or seroma [collection of fluid] or reaction of body tissue, rather than snakebite. This is why it’s important to have a proper diagnosis and involve your veterinarian,” Mays says. Heather Smith Thomas is a rancher and freelance writer based in Salmon, Idaho.

Tuesday, May 9, 2017

Pecan Nut Casebear EARLY

I just spoke to a couple of growers who run pheromone traps for Pecan Nut Casebear and they have had very high numbers for the last three nights. So you may want to consider gearing up and start spraying soon. I have not gone out and looked for eggs but they should be able to be found in the next three days. Remember the Heat Unit model is just an estimate to get us close to the date for spraying. Based on what your moth count and egg count is I would consider applying the appropriate product this week.

Monday, May 8, 2017

Rangelands Symposium

June 21-22, 2017 Ruidoso Conference Center. Drought
Cycles influence on Range land and cattle management options.

Friday, May 5, 2017

NMSU Cooperative Extension trains landowners proper prescribed burn techniques

NMSU Cooperative Extension trains landowners proper prescribed burn techniques DATE: 05/05/2017 WRITER: Jane Moorman, 505-249-0527, CONTACT: Doug Cram, 575-646-8130, Well before the emergence of humans on the planet, fire played a role in shaping vegetation. Evidence suggests fire may have been burning plants as early as 440 million years ago. The question of how long humans have been using fire, for cooking, is hotly debated. “So where do these two stories converge? How long have humans been using fire to manipulate vegetation?” said Doug Cram, wildland fire specialist in New Mexico State University’s College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences. “At least in North America, Native Americans were the first fire managers. However, that skill has largely been lost among landowners.” Unlike other management tools such as tree cutting or herbicide spraying, burning is not a surrogate for some other disturbance. Rather, it is a natural process that can be used to influence vegetation toward a specific objective, such as reduced brush cover. Last month the NMSU Cooperative Extension Service and the New Mexico Prescribed Fire Council joined forces to begin training the next generation of landowners on the safe and effective use of fire. The training was conducted on the NMSU Corona Range and Livestock Research Center under the direction of Shad Cox, superintendent; and Richard Dunlap, senior research assistant. “Fire is a useful management tool, but understanding when, where and how to use it takes practice,” Cox said. “The training was designed specifically to address how to best use fire.” To facilitate this learning, the New Mexico Prescribed Fire Council recently acquired a “Burn Trailer” that citizens can borrow. The trailer contains all the tools landowners would need to burn. “Equipment that they would not find in the barn can be found in the trailer, such as drip torches, flappers, Pulaskis and a sling psychrometer, an instrument used to measure relative humidity,” Cram said. “Burning in the Corona country is one part fire experience and nine parts weatherman,” said Brent Racher, a veteran burner who helped teach the students. Indeed, being able to interpret weather forecasts for the day of the burn, as well the following days, is critical to successful burning. “People need to know what will be the wind speed and direction, relative humidity, ventilation rate and fuel moisture,” Cram said. “These are all variables that must be considered and taken into consideration.” In addition, smoke must be account for in order to avoid impacting downwind neighbors, communities and highways. “This unique training opportunity is set to be repeated annually, as well as later this summer during growing season conditions, a historically non-traditional season of burning that may offer equal efficacy but with reduced fire behavior conditions such as flame lengths and rates of spread,” Cram said. Contact Cram at 575-646-8130,, or the NM Prescribed Fire Council to learn more about this hands-on training.

The Food and Drug Administration will fund a campaign to promote genetically modified organisms in food under a bipartisan agreement to keep the government funded through the end of September

NOTE NMSU has a publication on this: GMO Crops in New Mexico Agriculture Circular 682 Steve Hanson, Leslie Beck, Nancy Flores, Stephanie Walker, Mark Marsalis, and Richard Heerema College of Agriculture, Consumer and Environmental Sciences New Mexico State University The Food and Drug Administration will fund a campaign to promote genetically modified organisms in food under a bipartisan agreement to keep the government funded through the end of September. The deal to avert a government shutdown, which passed the Senate by a vote of 79 to 18 Thursday, allocates $3 million to “consumer outreach and education regarding agricultural biotechnology,” which includes genetic engineering of food and commodity crops. The money is to be used to tout “the environmental, nutritional, food safety, economic, and humanitarian impacts” of biotech crops and their derivative food products. [We're having the wrong argument about GMOs] More than 50 agriculture and food industry groups had signed on to an April 18 letter urging the funding to counter “a tremendous amount of misinformation about agricultural biotechnology in the public domain.” But some environmental groups and House Democrats have derided the provision as a government-sponsored public relations tour for the GMO industry. “It is not the responsibility of the FDA to mount a government-controlled propaganda campaign to convince the American public that genetically modified foods are safe,” said Rep. Nita M. Lowey (D-N.Y.), who attempted to get the measure struck from the bill last month. “The FDA has to regulate the safety of our food supply and medical devices. They are not, nor should they be, in the pro-industry advertising business,” Lowey said during a congressional hearing It’s unclear what the FDA campaign will look like, or when it will launch. The $3 million allocated is little more than a speck in the FDA’s total allocated budget of $2.8 billion. The budget specifies only that the initiative be developed in collaboration with the Department of Agriculture, and include the “publication and distribution of science-based educational information.” An attempt by Democrats to redirect the project’s funding to pediatric medical projects within FDA was unanimously voted down by Republicans. A 2016 study by the Pew Research Center found that 39 percent of American adults believe that genetically modified foods are worse for health than their conventional equivalents — an assessment with which the vast majority of scientists disagree. Nearly 90 percent of the members of the American Association for the Advancement of Science believe GMOs are safe to eat, according to another Pew study. “Clearly, communication of the benefits of biotechnology from the scientific community has not gone well, and this presents an opportunity to engage with the public in a more meaningful dialogue,” said Mark Rieger, the dean of the University of Delaware’s College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, who signed the industry letter. “We see it as a communication issue, not a political one.” But critics argue the issue is inherently political, given the financial ties between lawmakers and the ag biotech industry. According to the Center for Responsive Politics, agribusiness interests donated more than $26.3 million to political campaigns, including those of several congressmen who sit on the House agriculture appropriations subcommittee. Rep. Robert B. Aderholt (R-Ala.), the chair of that subcommittee and a defender of the GMO education funding, received $10,000 from Monsanto in 2016. “This is a really clear example of big ag influencing policy,” said Dana Perls, the senior food and technology campaigner for the environmental group Friends of the Earth. “The Trump administration is putting big ag before consumer desire and public health … Consumers do not want this.” Critics have also wondered whether it’s the government’s job to communicate this particular information — and whether that information, as written in the budget, oversteps what scientists really know. While there’s a widespread consensus that GM crops are safe, there are valid and lingering questions about the environmental and social impacts of GMOs. Last year, an academic analysis of 14 years of farm data found that an uptick in GM seed plantings goes hand-in-hand with increased herbicide use, for instance. Some herbicides have been found to contribute to health problems in animals and humans. Many of the touted benefits of GMOs haven’t materialized, either, argues Andy Kimbrell, the executive director of the Center for Food Safety, a D.C. nonprofit that has filed numerous legal challenges against the makers of GM crops. An October analysis by the New York Times found that the technology does not significantly increase yields. And few GM products with tangible consumer benefits — such as better taste or nutrition — have yet made it onto the U.S. market. “So yes, that gives them a marketing problem,” Kimbrell said. “But Monsanto has plenty of money to advocate for GMOs ... Why do we need to use taxpayer dollars?” One possible answer, from industry’s perspective, is that taxpayer dollars are already funding a Department of Agriculture initiative to label GM foods. Last year, Congress passed a bill mandating that food companies disclose the GM ingredients in their products, and USDA has said it is actively working on the standards for those labels. Patrick Delaney, a spokesman for the American Soybean Association, said it will be important for consumers to understand those labels once they roll out, likely after September 2018. “We recognize that there is a need for better and more accessible information on what this technology is and what it provides to consumers, he said by email. “We supported (and still support) that $3 million in funding for biotech education ... to better inform the public about the use of biotechnology in food and agricultural production.” Correction: This story originally said that the Food and Drug Administration was working on an initiative to label GMO foods. The effort to develop those labels is based at the Department of Agriculture. The Post regrets the error.

Top New Mexico attorney launches probe of U.S. beef processors New Mexico’s attorney general has launched an investigation into the business practices of beef processing companies to protect his state’s ranchers and cattle farmers that he contends are being harmed by “out of state corporations.” New Mexico Atty. Gen. Hector Balderas said he is concerned about what he described in a news release as the “unfair and anticompetitive practices” of such companies as Cargill Inc., JBS USA, Tyson Foods Inc. and the National Beef Packing Co., among others. The probe — believed to be the first of its kind filed by a state attorney general — accuses the “mega meatpacking” companies of harming New Mexican families by “reaping record profits” at the expense of local residents who are seeing their paychecks shrink and meat prices rise.


P SEE SOMETHING SAY SOMETHING We hear that a lot in Bio Security or Agro Terrorism training. Intentional acts to disrupt or cause terror to our food supply is possible. In fact, U.S. Intelligence has found plans in Afghanistan, Iraqi and Syria on how to do just that. The agriculture sector in the U.S. is a $1 trillion business and employs approximately 9.2 percent of American workers. In 2012, domestic animal agriculture – livestock and poultry production – generated approximately 1.8 million jobs, $346 billion in total economic output and $60 billion in household income. Experts are calling better understanding of the threats to agriculture posed by biological agents, which can inflict catastrophic consequences on the U.S. population and economy. The treat to plant agriculture is very real as well but would be more complicated, difficult and slower. Vigilance is the key. While it was not an intentional act recently I had an Eddy County Citizen contact our office about something he thought was unusual. He had bought birdseed a local store and when he got home, he put some out into his bird feeder. Soon he noticed that there were tiny bugs everywhere. He used a house hold insecticide spray double bagged both the feeder and the birdseed he had just bought. Then he called the Extension Office, I was in Artesia but he brought his items to the Extension Office. Unfortunately, I do not have a deep freeze to put the infested product. However, we cooled them down and got a look under the microscope as well as sending them to the NMSU/NMDA entomologist. We also notified NMDA feed and seed bureau for inspection. These insects are grainy weevils and the sack was at least 90% infested. NMDA took appropriate regulatory action to protect sorghum and milt production in Eddy County and New Mexico. Fortunately, the time of year for this particular pest reduced the treat to our local Agriculture. We thank the citizen who did what we ask if you see, something unusual say something to someone so the treat will be evaluated and eliminated. Another producer noticed a different insect and it turn out to be a simple issue of meal worms but again we the Agriculture Sector of our community appreciate people saying something. Subscribe to Eddy County Ag news at: Eddy They turned out to be grainy weevils County Extension Service, New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and educator. All programs are available to everyone regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. New Mexico State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Eddy County Government Cooperating.

Wednesday, May 3, 2017

CME cattle futures have gone vertical

Gone Vertical Posted on: 5/02/2017 By Cassie Fish, CME cattle futures have gone vertical the last 7 trading days. Most active Jun LC has gained almost $13 during that time and is eyeing the gap on the spot weekly left by spot Apr LC at $128.30. Futures no longer can ignore their historically large discount to cash prices and are responding with a vengeance to the near $12 cash fed cattle rally that occurred in April. Whether cash cattle prices are higher this week or not (and most assume higher is a given), Jun LC stands $10 discount to last week’s prices and the argument that Jun LC is discount because its trading where cash cattle prices in early July has been diminished to meaningless words. Shorts, especially in options, have panicked in droves the last 3 trading sessions and the option market is portending another huge rally tomorrow. There has been talk of intra-day margin calls as losses for hedgers mount. It is truly a take-no-prisoners, old-fashioned blow off. Even 2014 did not produce as brutal of a rally as this one. The head and shoulders bottom chart formation on many cattle charts has now been fulfilled or overreached at this point. Futures are sharply deviated from moving averages and are overbought by all counts. The extreme nature of this rally is mirroring some of the extreme sell-offs experienced by this market in 2015 and 2016. This rally has been missed by many due to the over-reliance on supply fundamentals and historical probabilities and not enough emphasis on demand, the huge kills and plummeting carcass weights. Speaking of demand, the current boxed beef rally is more of a push, rather than a pull affair- which has not been the case over the last 6 months. Interest in out-front purchases has slowed at current prices levels and trade volume has been lighter than packers would like. This was evident in Monday’s USDA Comprehensive Boxed Beef report and has become even more prevalent this week. Boxes have been muscled higher in the past few days to a new high for 2017, as packers work hard to expand margins. This morning’s quote of $228.77, the new high for the year, is $10 higher than 7 trading days ago, clearly not keeping pace with cash or futures cattle prices. This week’s kill will come in lower than last week’s 624k, partly impacted by weather yesterday and partly due to some packers pulling Saturday kills because of shrinking margins and slowing boxed beef sales. Look for a 605k-618k. Over? It is starting to feel like there is a lot of air underneath this market. But until the last short has blown, it’s difficult to say when, let alone where, this market tops for this run.